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Physical Exceptionality: Blind and Low Vision

The Ministry Definintion… a condition of partial or total impairment of sight or vision that even with correction affects educational performance adversely. 

Physical Exceptionality: Physical Disability

The Ministry Definintion… a condition of such severe physical limitation or deficiency as to require special assistance in learning situations to provide opportunity for educational achievement equivalent to that of pupils without exceptionalities who are of the same age or development level.

This exceptionality includes children with a wide range of conditions, which affects nervous and /or muscular system such as Cerebral Palsy, Multiple Sclerosis, Spina Bifida, and Spinal chord injury, Traumatic Brain Injury, Tourettes.  May affect small muscle control only - muscle of hand, (They often say their hands hurt.) and muscles used for speech. (Apraxia, which may look like stuttering).


Exceptionality
Physical Exceptionality. Vision Impaired
There are degrees of vision impairment.  Some students my be totally blind while others may have some vision although he or she may be considered legally blind.




Physical Excepetionality: Physical Disability
Includes children with a wide range of conditions, which affects nervous and /or muscular system such as Cerebral Palsy, Multiple Sclerosis, Spina Bifida, and Spinal chord injury, Traumatic Brain Injury, Tourettes.  May affect small muscle control only - muscle of hand, (They often say their hands hurt.) and muscles used for speech. (Apraxia, which may look like stuttering).

















Some useful links for Vision Impairment
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Educational Implications
What are the difficulties will face in a regular classroom?
Obviously it will affect all reading and writing.
How else will a vision impairment affect student learning in the regular class?
What are some of the things you can do so that these students can be successful in class.


1. Many students have average or higher intellectual potential but are just limited by muscle or neuro muscular control difficulties or poor vision.
2. There is special funding from the Ministry of Education for special equipment needs.
(What kind of technology would assist these students?)

3. How do Physical- Neuro Muscular Disabilities affect school work?
Production of written work.    
Appearance of written work.
Can affect speech production – articulation.
Student may be clumsy and socially inept.         
Young children have difficulty colouring inside of a line, or cutting with scissors.
They may fall off climbing equipment when they suddenly lose muscle control.
May be exacerbated with difficulties with motor memory, or eye to hand co-ordination. (Copying notes from a board)
How else will a neuro-muscular  impairment affect student learning in the regular class?
What are some of the things you can do so that these students can be successful in class?

Some useful links for Neuromuscular Disabilities 


 

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