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Resources > News > Archived News & Resources from the e-Newsletter - February 2016

Archived News & Resources from the e-Newsletter - February 2016

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News

ON: Making Room for Families in a Vertical Toronto
Source: Toronto Star, February 18, 2016

Excerpt: "We heard that growing families want to live in urban areas. At the same time, they want to be assured that the amenities required for their children to thrive will be available. Affordable condo units with more bedrooms are necessary, but schools, daycares, playgrounds that are integrated into neighbourhoods, and wide sidewalks where children are buffered from cars — matter just as much."

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AB: Change to Alberta’s Education Act Would Move Kindergarten Cut-Off Age
Source: Global News, February 23, 2016

Excerpt: "Many Alberta school boards – including Edmonton Public Schools and Edmonton Catholic Schools – follow an entry guideline stating your child must turn five by March 1 of the school year in order to begin kindergarten. But in a proposed change under the Education Act, the government of Alberta is considering shifting the cut off to December 31. The change would align Alberta with most other Canadian provinces and support data that shows older kindergarteners do better in school."

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QC: Quebec Outlines New Financing for Subsidized Daycares
Source: CBC News, February 23, 2016

Excerpt: "Quebec has unveiled the details of its new funding scheme for provincially subsidized daycares, calling it a more efficient approach to running the system. The arrangement will see government funding for daycares cut by $120 million a year – taking full effect in 2018."

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US: The High Cost of Early Educators’ Low Salaries
Source: Eye on Early Education, February 23, 2016

Excerpt: "More than a decade after Massachusetts created a department to ensure that preschools would be viewed as potential laboratories of learning, not just playgrounds, the Department of Early Education and Care has succeeded in raising standards to professionalize the field but has not rewarded those expectations."

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US: Against the Sticker Chart
Source: The Atlantic, February 22, 2016

Excerpt: "Offering children tangible rewards in exchange for caring behavior can erode their innate tendency to help others."

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US: Support Early Childhood Education to Really Fix Washington Education System
Source: Yakima Herald, February 20, 2016

Excerpt: "Washington’s Legislature needs to fund all-day kindergarten for every child in the state and begin moving toward half-day pre-K for all 3- and 4-year-olds. We don’t have the classrooms or teachers necessary to immediately require pre-K for every child. ECEAP and Head Start should be given more support now while the Legislature develops a plan to implement half-day pre-K for all."

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IE: Call for Ramped Up Investment in Childcare and Family Leave
Source: Irish Times, February 23, 2016

Excerpt: "“Investing in young children will reap huge economic benefits – not just through long-term improvements in education and career outcomes which quality care can provide to children – but also in the short term. Currently Ireland is suffering an extraordinary loss in skills and talent because half of all of women with two or more children do not re-enter the workforce,” he said."

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FI: How Finland Broke Every Rule — And Created a Top School System
Source: The Hechinger Report, February 18, 2016

Excerpt: "Finland’s historic achievements in delivering educational excellence and equity to its children are the result of a national love of childhood, a profound respect for teachers as trusted professionals, and a deep understanding of how children learn best."

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ON: Provincial Wage Enhancement
Source: City of Toronto, February 16, 2016

Excerpt: "Toronto Children's Services is the administrator of the Provincial Wage Enhancement (PWE), announced by the Provincial Government in January 2015 for all licensed child care in Toronto. This grant is intended to support a wage enhancement in licensed child care. The wage enhancement will support an increase of up to $2 per hour in 2016 plus 17.5 per cent benefits to eligible child care program staff. In addition, the Home Child Care Enhancement Grant (HCCEG) will support an increase of up to $20 per day in 2016 for eligible home child care providers."

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ON: Toronto’s Budget Needs a Better Balance
Source: Toronto Star, February 16, 2016

Excerpt: "Councillor Janet Davis is pushing to have 350 additional child care subsidies included the budget, at a cost of about $3.5 million. If the necessary money couldn’t be found elsewhere, this would require a property tax increase of just over 0.1 per cent — an entirely reasonable amount. Davis’ initiative deserves support."

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ON: Applications for Parents Reaching Out Grants Now Open
Source: Government of Ontario, February 16, 2016

Excerpt: "Ontario is helping parents get more involved in their children's education by supporting local parent-led projects that encourage student learning and promote well-being."

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ON: French Immersion Changes in Kindergarten to Grade 3 Passed by OCDSB
Source: CBC News, February 10, 2016

Excerpt: "Starting this fall, kindergarten classes for all students will be bilingual with 50 per cent of the instruction in French and 50 per cent in English. And in Grades 1 through 3, math instruction for students in French immersion will switch to English."

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BC School-Based Child Care Gets the Squeeze
Source: North Shore News, February 9, 2016

Excerpt: "The North Vancouver School District will apply for a half-million dollar grant from the province to expand the number of licensed child-care spaces available to local families, at a time when those spaces are in jeopardy. The move comes at a time when space available within schools for child care has been shrinking, putting a squeeze on existing child-care providers. Introduction of the full-day kindergarten program, plus increased enrolment in elementary schools means there are now fewer classrooms available for uses like child care and preschools."

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QC: More Expensive Care or Closed to Release
Source: The Silver Times, February 13, 2016

Excerpt: "Spring Break is like summer: child care are not obliged to open their doors. And those that do must make do with a grant of $ 3.93 per day per child from the Department of Education. For the school year 2015-2016, the ministry has halved ($ 10 million) funding school-based child care, so that the cost of pedagogical days and spring break was up."

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QC: Quebec Parents in for 'Ugly Surprise' at Tax Time with Bill for Increased Daycare Fees
Source: CBC News, February 11, 2016

Excerpt: "Many Quebec parents with children in subsidized daycare are facing an added new twist this year when preparing their income tax returns: figuring out how much they owe the government in increased daycare fees."

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NU: Nunavut Still Has Highest Infant Mortality Rate in Canada
Source: CBC News, February 12, 2016

Excerpt: "Nunavut has had the highest infant mortality rate in Canada every year since 1999, with the exception of 2009, when Northwest Territories' rate was slightly higher."

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US: How New York Made Pre-K a Success
Source: The New York Times, February 13, 2016

Excerpt: "New York decided early to make pre-K available to every child, rather than just poor kids. A study of Boston’s preschools found that poor and middle-class children who attended pre-K did better on subsequent tests of literacy and math. Poor youngsters also became more socially and emotionally competent. In short, everyone benefits from pre-K."

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ON: Magic Abounds when Daycare, Seniors Home Share Roof
Source: Toronto Star, February 9, 2016

Excerpt: "Recent media reports about a Seattle nursing home that shares space with a preschool may seem like a surprising new way to bridge the generation gap. But for Toronto child-care officials, who have been operating similar programs in local long-term care homes for more than 25 years, it’s old hat. And they say their young charges have just as much to gain as the seniors."

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ON: New Rules Threaten to Keep Kids Under 4 Out of Ontario Summer Camps
Source: CTV News, February 8, 2016

Excerpt: "The new laws, which came into effect August 2015, no longer allow camps to accept children under the age of four unless they hold a daycare licence. The changes impact 43 day camps in Ontario."

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CA: Jean-Yves Duclos Charts Social Priorities for Government (Audio)
Source: CBC News, The House, February 6, 2016

Description: "Families, Children and Social Development Minister Jean-Yves Duclos met this week with his provincial and territorial counterparts in Edmonton to discuss child-care, indigenous children in care and poverty reduction."

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CA: Will Trudeau Roll Out National Child Care?
Source: Winnipeg Free Press, February 5, 2016

Excerpt: "Research has shown investing in child care is one of the biggest returns on investment government can receive, as it helps drive up employment, generating more tax dollars. University of Quebec at Montreal economist Pierre Fortin’s research showed for every $1 invested into it, Quebec’s $7-a-day child-care program returned $1.05 to the Quebec government and 44 cents to Ottawa, more than paying for the programs."

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CA: Anxiety the Leading Mental Health Issue Among Canadian Children
Source: CBC News, February 4, 2016

Excerpt: "She said that children are not able to emotionally handle the shrinking years of childhood. Children engaging in activities that are beyond their years or social skills can lead to mental health issues such as anxiety and panic attacks."

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QC: Quebec National Assembly Opens Session with Talk of Daycares, Broken Promises
Source: Global News, February 9, 2016

Excerpt: "The first question period featured exchanges on the cost of daycare and accusations that the government has broken promises. A collective groan from the opposition cut off Minister of Families Sébastien Proulx mid-sentence. He had been asked about the impact on the average Quebec family since the Liberal government indexed the cost of daycare, basing the daily rate on a family’s income."

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US: Paid Parental Leave: It's a Win-Win for People and Companies
Source: Up Worthy, February 9, 2016

Excerpt: "Like any benefit, parental leave is an investment that a company makes in its employees. Ideally, the short-term cost of paid parental leave (which is often funded by a small payroll tax, similar to Social Security) should be outweighed by the long-term benefits, such as increased productivity, improved employee morale, and better retention of great employees. "

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US: Are Children Who Walk and Talk Early Geniuses in the Making?
Source: The Conversation, February 4, 2016

Excerpt: "What we do know is that new skills grow from the acquisition of foundation skills. Crawling enables a child to move independently to objects that they would like to explore, and adults increase the type of social signals they offer the crawling child. Walkers, with their new vantage point on the world, are typically more socially interactive and better at sharing objects. Therefore, it may be expected that those children that reach motor milestones at an early age will benefit from more opportunities to learn and refine new skills in the long run."

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US: The Biggest Public Policy Mistake We’re Continuing to Make, Year After Year
Source: The Washington Post, February 1, 2016

Excerpt: "The controlled experiments find that in later adulthood, kids who benefit from early childhood education earned more than kids who did not. In some cases, the earnings premium goes as high as 25 percent. But even the lower-end outcomes of 3 percent amount, as Bartik notes, “to many thousands of dollars” over a long career."

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AU: Childcare Changes Could Boost Economy by $3 Billion in Four Years, Modelling Shows
Source: ABC, February 4, 2016

Excerpt: ""By making child care more affordable, more people will want to work, and what we have found with this analysis is about half of those extra workers will come from people who are currently working part-time taking on more hours," Mr Cherry said."

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ON: Regulatory Registry Posting related to the Child Care and Early Years Act, 2014 and the Education Act: Phase 2 Regulations
Source: Government of Ontario, February 1, 2016

Excerpt: "The purpose of this document is to seek feedback on proposed regulations under the Child Care and Early Years Act, 2014 (CCEYA) and the Education Act. Responses must be received by the Ministry of Education (“the ministry”) no later than April 1, 2016."

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ON: No More Desks. No More Chairs. No More Students’ Empty Stares: Can Bean Bag Chairs and Exercise Bikes Help Struggling Kids Focus at School?
Source: The Globe and Mail, January 29, 2016

Excerpt: "“We passionately believe that setting up an environment like this can be successful for all students. Even if you’re in an affluent area, those kids will have success too, because you’re teaching them to regulate themselves, you’re teaching them collaboration, you’re teaching them trust, responsibility and empathy,” Ms. Lewis-Young said."

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ON: Public School Board Scales Back Proposed Child Care Rate Increases
Source: Ottawa Community News, January 29, 2016

Excerpt: "Ottawa public school trustees voted to scale back a proposed rate hike for before- and after-school care during the board meeting on Jan. 26."

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ON: High Cost of Daycare in Toronto May Cause Low-Income Families to Remain in Poverty
Source: Global News, January 26, 2016

Excerpt: "To help ease the burden, the City of Toronto will be adding 1,400 new licensed daycare spaces over the next couple of years. Yet none of those spaces will be subsidized. Councillor Janet Davis said daycare should be affordable for everyone and is putting forth a motion to the Budget Executive Committee for 350 new subsidized daycare spaces."

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CA: Budget Submission 2016 — Charting a Progressive Agenda
Source: Broadbent Institute, February 2, 2016

Excerpt: "But there are important policies the Liberal party committed to in the election that must now be delivered or ramped up. These priorities include: Expand on the unspecified commitment on early childhood education and care to include funding a universal, not-for-profit childcare program."

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CA: Your Say Budget 2016: Survey Results
Source: Liberal Party of Canada, February 1, 2016

Excerpt: "On the question of what is needed to better support the middle class 7% said Pre-K Learning and Child Care."

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CA: Universal Childcare: An Investment for our Future
Source: London Free Press, February 1, 2016

Except: "Childcare is one of the biggest stressors for families in today’s society. Due to the increase in women in the workforce and dual-income families, childcare has become a necessity for families."

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CA: Face to Face with the Prime Minister - The Interview: The Middle Class (Video)
Source: CBC News, January 29, 2016

Description: "Jenna Fray, 31, a social worker from Ajax, Ont., asks Justin Trudeau what he’s doing to help middle class families."

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CA: Federal, Provincial and Territorial Ministers to Meet on Social Outcomes for Canadians
Source: Government of Canada, January 25, 2016

Excerpt: "At the meeting, some key issues to be discussed will include child care and early learning opportunities, Indigenous children in care, poverty reduction and social infrastructure."

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SK: Equity for Children Overdue
Source: Saskatoon Star Phoenix, January 27, 2016

Excerpt: "Even though the federal government spent the past nine years and more than $5 million fighting Cindy Blackstock and the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society over discriminatory funding of child welfare services on reserves, the affirmative ruling Tuesday by the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal was no surprise."

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QC: Daycare Workers Decry Proposed Government Cuts
Source: Montreal Gazette, February 1, 2016

Excerpt: "After absorbing $74 million in cuts last year, the daycares say they don’t know where else they can cut costs. Many daycare operators took part in protests across the province on Monday and urged new Family Minister Sébastien Proulx to reconsider the cuts that they say will affect children."

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NB: Budget 2016-2017 – Foundations for Our Future
Source: Government of New Brunswick, February 2, 2016

Excerpt: "To lessen the impact of an HST increase and make it more progressive, a refundable provincial HST credit of $300 for individuals, $300 for spouse or equivalent, and $100 per child under the age of 19 will be provided. Single parent families will receive a $300 credit for their first child. A scheduled minimum wage increase, effective April 1st, will further mitigate the impact of the HST increase."

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NB: 2016 State of the Province Address
Source: Government of New Brunswick, January 28, 2016

Excerpt: "I am announcing to you tonight that we’re going to create what is called the Education and New Economy Fund. This will help us improve our systems. This will help us ensure that no child is left behind. This will help us ensure that we have a skilled workforce for our economy. This will help us ensure that we indeed become the smart province."

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NU: New Preschool A “Place to Grow” for Nunavut Community
Source: Nunatsiaq Online, February 2, 2016

Excerpt: "The college’s new ECE program — Nunavut’s first two-year ECE diploma program offered outside of Iqaluit — welcomed 10 students last fall, taught by instructors Shiloh Minor and Jedidah Merkosak."

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NU: Nunavut Program Offers Free Dental Checkups for Kids
Source: CBC News, February 1, 2016

Excerpt: "The oral health program started in 2013 in partnership with the Public Health Agency of Canada, Health Canada and the Government of Nunavut. It offers free exams and fluoride treatment for any children in the territory up to eight years old."

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US: Childcare Costs: Yet Another Way We're Failing the Poor
Source: Forbes, February 1, 2016

Excerpt: "The cost of childcare has grown tremendously in the United States over the last few decades. According to a survey by Pew research, for high-income families, childcare costs could average about 7% of income, while for low-income families, they could be as high as 40% of income."

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AU: Everything You Need to Know About the Childcare Funding Changes
Source: Mamamia, January 28, 2016

Excerpt: "The government wants to spend an extra $3.2 billion on childcare and substantially change how the subsidy system works so thousands of families see more support from the government to meet their childcare costs."

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SG: Experts Hail More Focus On Outdoor Education
Source: The Straits Times, February 1, 2016

Excerpt: "Outdoor education has become a compulsory component in many Singapore schools. Under a physical education syllabus introduced in 2014, it makes up at least 10 per cent to 20 per cent of curriculum time in primary and secondary schools."

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Resources

Ontario Early Years Child and Family Centres - A Public Plan
Source: Government of Ontario, February 19, 2016

Excerpt: "It is an exciting time for Ontario’s child care and early years system as we continue our ambitious plan to modernize our programs and services. Our transformative work has already resulted in full-day kindergarten, the new Child Care and Early Years Act, 2014, a new funding formula for child care, and How Does Learning Happen? Ontario’s Pedagogy for the Early Years. With this ground-breaking work underway, we remain committed to transforming Ontario’s child and family programs. This transformation will help us integrate early years programs and services in Ontario."

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Professor (And TED Speaker) Kang Lee: His New Startup Will Change How We Detect Emotion
Source: University of Toronto, February 18, 2016

Excerpt: "Thanks to the first commercial application for a new patent-pending process to reveal both visible and hidden facial emotions using blood-flow analysis, developed by Lee, market researchers and their clients are one step closer to acquiring more accurate, reliable data."

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Kids Who Move While Learning May Absorb More, Study Says
Source: Toronto Star, February 24, 2016

Excerpt: "Kids who jump, squat and move their bodies during math and spelling may learn more effectively than students in typical sedentary classrooms, a new study suggests. The research, involving 500 Grade 2 and 3 children in the Netherlands, found those who learned in physically active classes tested better academically than kids who sat at their desks."

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Early Behavior Therapy Found to Aid Children with A.D.H.D.
Source: The New York Times, February 17, 2016

Excerpt: "Experts said the efficacy of this behavior-first approach, if replicated in larger studies, could change standard medical practice, which favors stimulants like Adderall and Ritalin as first-line treatments, for the more than four million children and adolescents in the United States with a diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or A.D.H.D."

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Bilingual Toddlers Demonstrate Greater Cognitive Flexibility, Study Finds
Source: Science Alert, February 4, 2016

Excerpt: "Researchers in Canada have been investigating how the ability to speak more than one language affects problem-solving skills in toddlers. What they've found is that bilingual kids – who become accustomed to switching between different tongues as required – demonstrate greater mental flexibility than monolinguals when it comes to certain types of mental exercises."

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New Video!
Time for Preschool
Source: Atkinson Centre, February 16, 2016

"From the start, every opportunity, for every child. Inside an early education program: from the perspective of children, parents and educators."

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Survey: The Health and Well-Being of RECEs in Ontario
Source: George Brown College, February 2016
Deadline: March 4, 2016

Description: "You are invited to take part a research project. The purpose of the study is to examine the occupational stressors experienced by registered early childhood educators (RECEs) in Ontario and determine how these stressors are related to RECEs’ health and well-being. We are seeking Registered Early Childhood Educators who are working directly with children and their families for at least 10 hours a week in an early childhood education and care setting in Ontario to participate in this study.

By completing our survey, you will be helping us get a better picture of the health and well-being of RECEs in Ontario, and contribute to understanding of the stressors experienced by RECEs in Ontario. The findings will be used in developing significant recommendations for a health promotion plan.

This survey will close on March 4, 2016. Please take 15 minutes to respond to this survey."

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Putting an End to Child & Family Homelessness in Canada
Source: Raising the Roof, February 15, 2016

Excerpt: "For working parents, the cost of child care is often one of their largest expenditures; sometimes costing more than rent, depending on geography and number of children. Income assistance applicants with young children are told that they need to find work, yet the lack of child care subsidies means that they are often further behind financially than before they began working."

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New Resource: Prosocial Behaviour
Source: Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development, February 2016

Excerpt: "Prosocial behaviour has its roots in infancy and early childhood. To fully capture its importance, it is essential to understand how it develops across ages, the factors that contribute to individual differences, its moral and value bases, the clinical aspects of low and excessive prosocial behaviour, and its relevance for schooling."

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Kindergarten Today: Less Play, More Academics
Source: Education Week, February 10, 2016

Excerpt: "Researchers at the University of Virginia compared the views and experiences of kindergarten teachers in 1998 with those of their counterparts in 2010, and found dramatic differences in what teachers now expect of pupils and how they have structured their classrooms. Generally, teachers now expect children to come in knowing much more, spend more of the day in literacy and math instruction, and devote less time to nonacademic subjects such as music and art."

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Examining Teacher Effectiveness Between Preschool and Third Grade
Source: Centre for American Progress, January 2016

Excerpt: "Teachers play a critical role in a child’s development. Recognizing that the earliest years of a child’s life are some of the most formative, children should have access to high-quality teachers as early as possible. Research suggests that when teachers are well-equipped to provide children with stimulating classroom environments and supportive relationships, children—especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds—experience better academic outcomes and improved social-emotional development."

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A Response by 3rd Year George Brown College (GBC) Bachelor of Early Childhood Leadership (ECL) Students to Atkinson Centre’s A Starting Point for Discussions on a New Federal/Provincial/Territorial Early Childhood Agreement
Source: Atkinson Centre, February 9, 2016

Excerpt: " As a class, we support the notion that increased parental leave, to 18 months, would only serve to benefit attachment, long-term developmental milestones, and other societal necessities. In addition, fathers, same-sex spouses, and those not in traditional work-hours positions need equal access to spending those critical first 18 months with their child. Consequently, having an 18 month parental leave period would most likely impact the financial burden of the high cost of infant child care.."

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The Impact of Daycare Attendance on Outdoor Free Play in Young Children
Source: Journal of Public Health, February 9, 2016

Excerpt: "Outdoor free play is important for healthy growth and development in early childhood. Recent studies suggest that the majority of time spent in daycare is sedentary. The objective of this study was to determine whether there was an association between daycare attendance and parent-reported outdoor free play."

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Child Care Matters to Everyone – Coalition Building for a Real Child Care System in Ontario (archived webcast)
Source: OISE, University of Toronto, January 2016

Description: "Part of the OISE Social Economy Speaker Series, Carolyn Ferns from the OCBCC discusses why child care matters to her and why it should matter to all of us, as well as introducing the Shared Framework for Building an Early Childhood Education and Care System for All."

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New Website: Breastfeeding Resources Ontario
Source: Breastfeeding Resources Ontario, February 2016

Description: "This site provides quality, evidence-informed breastfeeding resources that support the Baby-Friendly Initiative. This website is especially for people involved in helping new parents. Parents may also find helpful information on this site."

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New Resource - Prenatal Development Module
Source: SECD, February 4, 2016

Excerpt: "The SECD initiative has a new resource -the Prenatal Development Module - that includes topics such as maternal health and nutrition, the microbiome, developmental origins of health and disease, preconception and prenatal care, prenatal stress, and social supports."

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Supporting Physical Activity in the Childcare Environment (SPACE): Rationale and Study Protocol for a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
Source: BioMed Central, February 3, 2016

Excerpt: "Young children are prone to low levels of physical activity in childcare. Researchers have identified that preschoolers tend to be more active outdoors than indoors, with higher activity levels occurring during the first 10 minutes of outdoor playtime. Additionally, interventions incorporating either staff training or the inclusion of play equipment have been effective at increasing children’s activity in this setting."

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Closing The Gap - Prime Minister’s Report 2016
Source: Australian Government, 2016

Excerpt: "Early childhood education prepares a child for school and provides a solid foundation for learning and achieving at school and beyond. This can be delivered through a preschool or childcare setting – the important factors are a quality programme and regular participation. Evidence shows quality early childhood education is particularly important for vulnerable Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and can have a positive impact on school attendance and academic success."

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A Response by 4th Year George Brown College (GBC) Bachelor of Early Childhood Leadership (ECL) Students to Atkinson Centre’s A Starting Point for Discussions on a New Federal/Provincial/Territorial Early Childhood Agreement
Source: Atkinson Centre, February 2, 2016

Excerpt: "It is also agreed upon that the building costs which form a barrier to the expansion of early childhood programs apply to all sectors in the child care community (school based, non-profit community based and in First Nations communities). We feel that it is necessary that our leaders in positions of power be challenged to raise the bar for early childhood education programs and strive to meet the needs to the level of other OECD countries."

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Women's Health eSurvey
Source: University of Ottawa, February 3, 2016

Excerpt: "Are you currently pregnant or have you given birth since May, 2009? The ultimate goal of this survey is to gain information that could help improve the health and well-being of pregnant women, mothers, and infants in Canada and internationally."

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Notre Dame Research: Cuddling Your Kids May Make Them Healthier Adults
Source: WSBT News, February 1, 2016

Excerpt: ""What parents do in those early months and years are really affecting the way the brain is going to grow the rest of their lives," explains Narvaez, "so lots of holding, touching and rocking. that is what babies expect. They grow better that way. And keep them calm, because all sorts of systems are establishing the way they are going to work. If you let them cry a lot, those systems are going to be easily triggered into stress. We can see that in adult hood -- that people that are not cared for well, tend to be more stress reactive and they have a hard time self calming.""

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Increasing Breastfeeding Worldwide Could Prevent Over 800,000 Child Deaths and 20,000 Deaths from Breast Cancer Every Year
Source: Science Daily, January 29, 2016

Excerpt: "Just 1 in 5 children in high-income countries are breastfed to 12 months, whilst only 1 in 3 children in low and middle-income countries are exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months. As a result, millions of children are failing to receive the full benefits provided by breastfeeding. The findings come from the largest and most detailed analysis to quantify levels, trends, and benefits of breastfeeding around the world."

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Creating an Anti-Poverty Childcare System
Source: Joseph Rowntree Foundation, January 27, 2016

Excerpt: "This paper focuses on the impact of high-quality early education and effective early intervention, which can act as protective factors for children against the negative effects of poverty. It also highlights how access to flexible, affordable childcare can reduce pressures on family income and help parents work, train or study."

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Contextualizing the Education Effect on Women’s Employment: A Cross-National Comparative Analysis
Source: Journal of Marriage and Family, January 27, 2016

Excerpt: "State efforts to remove economic disincentives to maternal employment (e.g., reducing the costs of child care) weaken opportunity cost effects for low-educated couples (Mechanism) and thus encourage dual-earner arrangements also among the lower educated. Moreover, family policy may weaken attitudinal effects on parental employment (Mechanism 3), for instance, when the provision of high-quality public child care reduces concerns about the well-being of children in non-parental, institutional care."

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