Jump to Main Content
Decrease font size Reset font size Increase font size
Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto Home| OISE| U of T| Portal| Site Map | Contact Us | Feeling Distressed?
INSPIRING EDUCATION | oise.utoronto.ca
Atkinson Centre

Resources > News > Archived News & Resources from the e-Newsletter - January 2016

Archived News & Resources from the e-Newsletter - January 2016

Jump: to News | Resources

Sign up! To sign up for the Atkinson Centre e-Newsletter, please email atkinson.centre@utoronto.ca.
The Atkinson Centre weekly e-Newsletter is issued every Thursday afternoon.
In addition, time-sensitive special messages are sent out occasionally.

 

News

Margaret McCain on the Importance of Early Childhood Education (Video)
Source: Atkinson Centre, January 26, 2016

Description: "The Honourable Margaret McCain, Chair of the Margaret and Wallace McCain Family Foundation discusses the importance of early childhood education."

back to top>


ON: Toronto ‘Desperately’ Needs More Affordable Daycare Spaces, Councillor Says
Source: Toronto Star, January 26, 2016

Excerpt: "With Toronto adding 1,400 new licensed child care spaces to existing programs and new centres over the next two years, Davis says the city must also add more subsidies to ensure low-income families can find a spot they can afford. She figures at least 350 more subsidies are needed in 2016 for the system to remain accessible to the city’s poor."

back to top>


ON: Ontario Urged to Champion Child Care on National Stage
Source: Toronto Star, January 26, 2016

Excerpt: "You can’t build a high quality system for children and families when workers with four-year university degrees or two-year college diplomas, earn a median of just $16 an hour and are forced to work split shifts to serve children in full-day kindergarten, she said. For parents, who have seen daycare become the second-largest household expense after housing, addressing affordability is equally important, she added."

back to top>


ON: Ontario Increasing Wages for Early Childhood Educators
Source: Government of Ontario, January 22, 2016

Excerpt: "Ontario is providing a $1 per hour wage increase for eligible child care workers who qualify in the licensed child care sector, bringing the total wage increase up to $2 per hour, plus benefits. The province is also providing an additional $10 per day increase to home child care providers who qualify, bringing the total increase up to $20 per day. Both increases are effective January 2016."

back to top>


ON: Ontario Hiring More Mental Health Workers for Children and Youth
Source: Government of Ontario, January 22, 2016

Excerpt: "Approximately one in five children and youth in Ontario experience a mental health challenge. About 70 per cent of mental health challenges have their onset in childhood or youth. Early identification and intervention can lead to improved achievement in school and better health outcomes in life."

back to top>


CA: Canada Discriminates Against Children On Reserves, Tribunal Rules
Source: CBC News, January 26, 2016

Excerpt: "The federal government discriminates against First Nation children on reserves by failing to provide the same level of child welfare services that exist elsewhere, the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal has ruled."

back to top>


CA: Inequality Explained: The Hidden Gaps in Canada’s Education System
Source: OpenCanada.org, January 19, 2016

Excerpt: "It is well known that early child development is crucial for future well-being. Although far from deterministic, the role of education should not be neglected, especially given its direct and indirect impact on later income, health and even life-expectancy. Extensive research has shown that early literacy skills acquired even before entering kindergarten strongly influence a child’s later academic success. Numerous studies reiterate the importance of early childhood development, highlighting the difficulty of overcoming developmental inequalities. Yet what ought to be more deeply considered is the systemic impact of social and economic inequality, especially as early development depends almost entirely on the resources a family can access both for learning skills and for basic necessities."

back to top>


SK: Scramble on to Meet Daycare Needs of Refugees in Sask.
Source: CBC News, January 21, 2016

Excerpt: "Refugee agencies are scrambling to ensure they have enough daycare spaces for Syrian refugees arriving in Saskatchewan. Daycare spots are used for a variety of reasons, including freeing up parents so they can improve their English."

back to top>


MB: Université De Saint-Boniface Faculty and Students Push for Campus Child Care Centre
Source: The Manitoban, January 26, 2016

Excerpt: "Students of the Université de Saint-Boniface (USB) – the only publicly funded post-secondary institution in Manitoba without on-campus day care – are hopeful the university’s administration will commit to establishing on-site care in the near future."

back to top>


US: Panel Calls for Depression Screenings During and After Pregnancy
Source: The New York Times, January 26, 2016

Excerpt: "Women should be screened for depression during pregnancy and after giving birth, an influential government-appointed health panel said Tuesday, the first time it has recommended screening for maternal mental illness."

back to top>


US: UNL to Lead National Network Studying Early Childhood Education
Source: JournalStar.com, January 24, 2016

Excerpt: "The Early Learning Network, part of a $26 million U.S. Department of Education initiative, will study how education policies differ in rural and urban areas for children in pre-kindergarten through third grade to learn how educators can close the achievement gap for at-risk students."

back to top>


UK: Pregnant Women Around the World Reveal the 'Essentials' They Need When They Give Birth Including IPads and Haribo in the UK and Buckets and Plastic Sheets in Africa
Source: Daily Mail, January 23, 2016

Excerpt: "Every expectant mother packs a bag of essentials to take with her when she gives birth, in order to help things run more smoothly. But as these seven women - profiled by WaterAid - from around the world reveal the notion of 'essential' changes enormously depending on where they live."

back to top>


IE: Two Weeks Paternity Leave for Fathers to Get Formal Approval
Source: Independent.ie, January 25, 2016

Excerpt: "The scheme brings Ireland in line with other European countries and was agreed following work carried out by an inter-departmental group, whose members included Children's Minister James Reilly and Justice Minister Frances Fitzgerald. A government source said: "Additional resources will be provided to tackle the high cost of childcare if we keep the recovery going"."

back to top>


IE: Start Strong Early Years #GE16 Campaign
Source: Start Strong, January 20, 2016

Description: "On Wednesday 20th January 2016, Start Strong launched its Early Years #GE16 Campaign. Early Years #GE16 is a campaign to ensure affordable, accessible, quality early years services and to strengthen family leave. Our Promise to Children calls on all parties and candidates in the forthcoming General Election 2016 to promise that, if elected, they will; Make early years a priority by increasing investment to ensure affordable, accessible, quality early years services and by continuing to strengthen family leave; increase investment to the OECD average (0.8% GDP) within the lifetime of the next government, moving to the UNICEF benchmark of 1% of GDP within 10 years."

back to top>


ON: New Ontario Rules Change What Summer Camps Kids Under 4 Can Attend
Source: CBC News, January 16, 2016

Excerpt: "Thousands of parents may have to re-evaluate their summer child-care plans because of a new Ontario regulation that says children must be at least four years old before they can attend summer day camps without early childhood educators."

back to top>


ON: Kitchener - Infant Care Eliminated (Video)
Source: CTV News, January 14, 2016

Description: "With wait lists already long, Waterloo Region is losing 20 daycare spots for infants."

back to top>


BC: Funding for Research Connecting Learning and Play
Source: Kelowna Now, January 15, 2016

Excerpt: "“Our research leading up to now has shown a serious gap across the country in accessible and affordable training about the immense benefit outdoor play has on children’s development,” said Dietze, in a statement. “Our aim is to provide the tools and necessary knowledge about outdoor play discovery and learning that will encourage those teaching our children to make it a priority in their programming.”"

back to top>


US: More Early Childhood Programs Putting Nature at Heart of Learning
Source: The Santa Fe New Mexican, January 17, 2016

Excerpt: "Whether the schools are emerging in reaction to concerns that early education has become increasingly academic or simply because parents think traipsing around in the woods sounds like more fun than sitting at a desk, they are increasingly popular."

back to top>


US: In Early Childhood, An Ounce of Prevention is Worth a Pound of Cure
Source: The Gazette, January 17, 2016

Excerpt: "What do we know about the first few years of a child’s life? A key piece of knowledge is that 90 percent of a child’s brain is developed by age 5. 700+ new brain connections are formed every second during early childhood."

back to top>


US: An Educator's View: For Children, Play is Learning
Source: Duluth News Times, January 14, 2016

Excerpt: "Play is a crucial component of all areas of development: cognitive, language and literacy, physical, and social and emotional."

back to top>


UK: Britain’s Cameron Proposes State-Backed Parenting Classes
Source: Ames Tribune, January 16, 2016

Excerpt: "England already offers 39 weeks of paid maternity leave and two weeks of paid paternity leave. Childcare in the country is also heavily subsidized. Cameron said he wanted to expand the country’s family assistance to help prevent the next generation from tumbling into crime or poverty. An intervention in the early years, he bets, could prevent a host of problems later. This isn’t the first time the British leader urged parents to enroll in subsidized parenting classes. The 5 million pound CanParent pilot, launched in three low-income neighborhoods in 2011, drew just 2,956 parents."

back to top>


IE: Single Fathers Get Easier Route to Guardianship with Law Change
Source: Irish Examiner, January 19, 2016

Excerpt: "An unmarried father who lives for 12 months with the child’s mother, including three months following a child’s birth, will automatically become a guardian. However, guardianship will only be acquired automatically where the parents live together for at least 12 months and the change is not retrospective."

back to top>


ON: Workers Who Lost Jobs When Daycare Closed Fight for Wage Grants
Source: Toronto Star, January 13, 2015

Excerpt: "Regional municipalities are administering the wage grants on behalf of the province, which launched the initiative last year to raise chronically low wages in the sector. Under the $269-million scheme, child-care workers with hourly wages below $26.27 were eligible to receive a $1-an-hour wage hike last year and another $1-an-hour boost this year. Average hourly wages for the province’s 42,000 daycare workers in licensed settings were running at about $16 when the policy was announced in 2014."

back to top>


ON: Ontario School Boards Warn Parents to Update Their Kids’ Immunization Records or Face Suspension
Source: National Post, January 8, 2016

Excerpt: "School boards in Toronto, Ottawa, North Bay, Hamilton, Brampton and other communities have either sent warnings to parents about possible suspensions if updated immunization records were not provided, or moved with the local health unit to suspend students."

back to top>


CA: The Collapse of Parenting: Why It’s Time for Parents to Grow Up
Source: Maclean’s, January 7, 2016

Excerpt: "While children are less active than ever, they do not, ironically, get enough rest. A common question Sax asks students is, “What’s your favourite thing to do in your spare time, when you are by yourself with no one watching?” The most common answer in recent years: sleep. That’s because children are too busy with school assignments and extracurricular activities to go to bed at a good hour, or because when they get to bed, they are on their cellphone or computer, or playing video games."

back to top>


AB: Glenora Daycare Receives $110,000 to Get Kids Outside in the Winter
Source: CBC News, January 8, 2016

Excerpt: ""Children's play is in decline," said Lawson Foundation President Marcel Lauzière. "Kids actually need unstructured outdoor play – play that includes taking risks – because we know that this is important for their healthy development.""

back to top>


AB: Baby Kits of Support for New Parents Tested in Alberta
Source: CTV News, January 6, 2016

Excerpt: "A Finnish tradition for ensuring expectant parents have some of the necessities required for raising a healthy first child has made its way to Canada as part of a project headed by researchers at the University of Calgary."

back to top>


SK: Saskatoon Father Calls for Higher Wages for Child Care Workers
Source: CBC News, January 13, 2016

Excerpt: "What workers at licensed daycare facilities make depends on the centre. Generally, it's between $13 and $16 an hour. According to Saskatchewan Polytechnic, someone with an early childhood education certificate can expect to make $21,300 to $50,100 annually, but licensed facilities set their own wages."

back to top>


SK: Governments of Canada and Saskatchewan Make it Easier for Parents of Newborns to Apply for Benefits
Source: Government of Saskatchewan, January 11, 2016

Excerpt: "Jean-Yves Duclos, Minister of Families, Children and Social Development and Saskatchewan Health Minister Dustin Duncan, today announced the Bundled Birth Service which will give Saskatchewan parents the option to apply for a Social Insurance Number (SIN) and Canada child benefits for their newborn at the same time that they register their child’s birth."

back to top>


MB: Province Releases Road Map Toward Creating Universally Accessible Child Care
Source: Government of Manitoba, January 12, 2016

Excerpt: "The province is taking the next steps in creating a universally accessible child-care system for Manitoba families that will include lower fees, 12,000 more spaces, increased training and better wages for early childhood educators, Premier Greg Selinger announced today."

back to top>


MB: Syrian Families May Face Challenges Finding Child Care in Manitoba
Source: CTV News, January 11, 2016

Excerpt: "As of last September, 12,729 Manitoba children were on the province’s Online Child Care Registry, meaning refugee families who need child care could also have a difficult time getting it."

back to top>


QC: Quebec Daycares Threaten Closures Over Cuts to Provincial Funding
Source: CBC News, January 12, 2016

Excerpt: "Quebec daycares could soon close their doors as a pressure tactic to counter looming budget cuts of at least $120 million. The Association Québécoise des Centres de la Petite Enfance (AQCPE), the association representing non-profit, publicly funded daycares, plans to launch a campaign to counter the provincial government's austerity measures."

back to top>


QC: Quebec Calculating How Many Subsidized Daycare Spots It Can Offer Refugees
Source: CTV News, January 10, 2016

Excerpt: "Affordable daycare services will become increasingly important for many of the 7,000 Syrian refugees expected to arrive in Quebec by the end of 2016 as parents begin French-language courses and integrate into the labour market. Quebec heavily subsidizes roughly 228,000 daycare spaces across the province and charges parents on a sliding scale, depending on family income."

back to top>


PE: Island Parents Urged to Register Children for Kindergarten ASAP
Source: CBC News, January 7, 2016

Excerpt: "Parents of children entering kindergarten in English schools on P.E.I. this fall are being urged to register them right away. The number of students registered so far is much lower than expected, according to the English Language School Board which bases its estimates on the number of births on the Island five years ago."

back to top>


US: The Smart Economics of Norway’s Parental Leave, and Why the U.S. Should Consider It
Source: The Washington Post, January 11, 2016

Excerpt: "Paternity leave has created a culture for Norwegian fathers to be more active parents than just secondary caregivers. My colleagues, male and female alike, avoid scheduling late afternoon meetings in order to leave the office at a reasonable hour to pick up their children."

back to top>


US: Want Kids to Listen More, Fidget Less? Try More Recess... This School Did
Source: Today, January 8, 2016

Excerpt: "Some five months into the experiment, McBride's fears have been alleviated. Her students are less fidgety and more focused, she said. They listen more attentively, follow directions and try to solve problems on their own instead of coming to the teacher to fix everything. There are fewer discipline issues."

back to top>


AU: Early Childhood Teachers in NSW to be Accredited Like their Primary School Counterparts
Source: The Sydney Morning Herald, January 12, 2016

Excerpt: "Under federal law early childhood teachers must be present in childcare services for prescribed ratios of time. For most services catering to over 50 children, an early childhood teacher must be present for six hours of any given day of service."

back to top>


ZW: Poverty Stunting Minds and Growth
Source: Inter Press Service, January 12, 2016

Excerpt: "According Zimbabwe’s health and child welfare, the country has witnessed an increase in mental health diagnoses, and has put in place a Mental Health Strategy 2014-18 to deal with the crisis. The ministry blames the tough economic conditions that have thrown millions into the streets of unemployment. There are no available figures of how mental health has affected children, but concerns by parents such as Ndlovu are giving a human face to a crisis that has been highlighted by the UNICEF report on child poverty and their mental health."

back to top>


A Starting Point for Discussions on a New Federal/Provincial/Territorial Early Childhood Agreement
Source: Atkinson Centre, January 7, 2015

Excerpt: "The success of f/p/t early childhood agreements are traditionally measured by the counting of new child care spaces or the size of financial transfers per child. These are inadequate measures, which on their own do not improve child outcomes. Can the pending talks open a new dialogue, informed by the best research, and centred around the best interests of young children? Can these discussions be a catalyst for turning provincial/territorial service patchworks into effective early childhood systems which finally tackle access and quality challenges while addressing the educational inequities children experience, especially those of Aboriginal heritage?"

back to top>



ON: Lawson Foundation Launches Outdoor Play Strategy and Announces $2.7 Million in Project Funding
Source: Lawson Foundation, January 7, 2016

Excerpt: "The Outdoor Play Strategy aims to increase children’s opportunities for self-directed play outdoors in all settings - at home, in school, in child care, the community and nature. The $2.7 million dollar funding Strategy seeks to help us better understand how to support Canadian communities to foster outdoor play."

back to top>



ON: Small Changes Don’t Add Up to Affordable Child Care
Source: Toronto Star, December 28, 2015

Excerpt: "The number of licensed child care spaces in the city across all providers rose by about 3,000 from May 2014 to June 2015. Available subsidies have slightly increased, but only 28.7 per cent of eligible families receive the help, leaving 17,838 children waiting."

back to top>



CA: It’s Time to Make Kids’ Health a National Priority

Source: Toronto Star Touch, December 27, 2015

Excerpt: "In 2010, 52 per cent of single-mother households in Canada with children under six years of age were living in unstable housing. How can we expect children to comprehend stress when they don’t even have a home base in which to do it?"

back to top>



CA: Liberal Government Commits to Repealing So-Called ‘Spanking Law'
Source: Toronto Star, December 21, 2015

Excerpt: "Those who have been pushing the federal government to repeal Section 43 — a move they say would bring Canada in line with its responsibilities under the Untied Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child — welcomed the plan as long overdue."

back to top>



CA: Responding to the TRC’s Call to Action
Source: The Martin Aboriginal Education Initiative & Ontario Institute for Studies in Education/University of Toronto, December 16, 2015

Excerpt: "Central to moving forward on an improved relationship between Indigenous people and Canadians is helping young Indigenous people and families meet and achieve their educational aspirations. Positive changes in the way education is delivered and experienced for Indigenous students will, in turn, make a tangible impact on all of the TRC’s 94 recommendations."

back to top>



BC: UBC Professor Honoured for Research into Children’s Language Acquisition
Source: The University of British Columbia, November 16, 2015

Excerpt: "I think the most important discovery from my research is just how prepared infants are, already at birth, to acquire the language used around them – and how it is equally natural for babies to acquire two languages as it is one. From the moment they are born, infants choose to listen to speech over other kinds of sounds, to watch talking faces over other kinds of visual stimuli – and their brains respond in a special way to speech over equally complex sounds. -- Janet Werker"

back to top>



QC: Children with Autism vs. Autistic Children
Source: Montreal Gazette, December 21, 2015

Excerpt: "Brigitte Dubé described her autistic son’s Grade 1 as “disastrous.” From being in class full-time, he was quickly forced to attend school half-days, only to be told he would have to study at home for a while. "

back to top>



NB: Province Expecting Influx of Refugee Children Under the Age of 12
Source: CBC News, January 6, 2016

Excerpt: "The Department of Education and Early Childhood Development cannot confirm how many Syrian refugee children will be enrolled in New Brunswick's schools, but Tammy Strong, the department's diversity and respect co-ordinator, says about 40 per cent of those expected to arrive in the province will be under the age of 12."

back to top>



US: Healthier Cafeterias Thanks to the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act
Source: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, January 4, 2016

Excerpt: "Right now, students in third grade have only gone to schools with healthier meals. In a few more years, healthier policies will be in place across the board for children as young as 2. School and child-care looks pretty different for these kids than it does for those just a few years older."

back to top>



US: The New Preschool Is Crushing Kids
Source: The Atlantic, January/February 2016 Issue

Excerpt: "Until recently, school-readiness skills weren’t high on anyone’s agenda, nor was the idea that the youngest learners might be disqualified from moving on to a subsequent stage. But now that kindergarten serves as a gatekeeper, not a welcome mat, to elementary school, concerns about school preparedness kick in earlier and earlier."

back to top>



US: Preschool Without Walls

Source: The New York Times, December 29, 2015

Excerpt: "While reducing childhood obesity (8.4 percent of American 2- to 5-year-olds are obese) by increasing physical activity is a prime argument in support of outdoor play, Mr. Louv suggests that the need goes beyond exercise. Today’s children have fundamentally lost touch with nature, he said."

back to top>



US: Parents Struggle to Manage Kids’ Screen Time
Source: The Bulletin, December 25, 2015

Excerpt: "In September, the American Academy of Pediatrics modified their long-standing recommendation that children under 2 years old should have no exposure to screens, and older children limit screen time to no more than two hours per day."

back to top>



UK: Primary Schools Across Scotland Will Continue Serving Up Free School Meals for All Primary 1-3 Pupils in 2016
Source: 7th Space, January 5, 2016

Excerpt: "Primary schools across Scotland will continue serving up free school meals for all Primary 1-3 pupils in 2016, after a successful first year of implementation. The Scottish Government is providing an additional £53.9 million to enable local councils to continue to deliver this commitment. Following its launch by the First Minster in January 2015, the number of pupils registered for a free school meal has more than doubled to over 259, 000, which includes an estimated 135, 000 pupils in P1-3."

back to top>



AU: Eye Health 'Time Bomb' as Kids Stay Indoors, Increase Screen Exposure
Source: ABC.net, December 19, 2015

Excerpt: ""What is happening is many schools are introducing computers at relatively earlier and earlier ages, even in lower primary school," he said. "So children are spending long periods of time looking at a computer screen without a break in class, then they come home use computers for homework, use screen time for computer games, talking to friends or watching movies, so the screen time throughout the day can be up to three to four to five hours a day. "Our eyes just aren't built for that.""

back to top>



SE: Where New Dads Are Encouraged to Take Months Off Work

Source: BBC, January 6, 2016

Excerpt: "Today, Swedish couples get around 16 months (480 days) paid parental leave when their child is born. For the first 390 days, the parent who is off work gets paid 80% of their salary by the state up to around US$ 111 (or £76) a day. Many employers will then top up the shortfall, often to 90% of the original salary. After that, parents can take up to 90 days more leave and be paid a lower rate. As a result of the latest changes the maximum amount of leave a mother can take has gone down from 420 days to 390 - or from roughly 14 months to 13."

back to top>



MY: Malaysian Parents Should Take Their Children’s Bedtime Seriously – Child Expert
Source: Malaysian Digest, December 28, 2015

Excerpt: "For children, a good night’s sleep is essential to health, development and performance in school. We found that when parents take action to protect their children’s sleep, their children sleep better."

back to top>

 

Resources

Measuring Kindness at School: Psychometric Properties of a School Kindness Scale for Children and Adolescents (subscription required)
Source: Psychology in the Schools, February 2016 Issue

Excerpt: "In this study, we sought to create and validate a brief measure to assess students’ perceptions of kindness in school. Participants included 1,753 students in Grades 4 to 8 attending public schools in a large school district in southern British Columbia. The School Kindness Scale (SKS) demonstrated a unidimensional factor structure and adequate internal consistency. The pattern of associations of the SKS to a corpus of theoretically relevant constructs obtained via student self-reports (classroom supportiveness, optimism, happiness, prosocial and social goals, satisfaction with life, and academic self-efficacy) provided evidence for convergent and discriminant validity. Furthermore, the SKS was significantly and positively associated with teacher reports on students’ empathy, social skills, and peer acceptance."

back to top>


Preschooler Focus – Issue 16, Foundations for an Active Future
Source: McMaster University, January 2016

Excerpt: "Children master literacy and numeracy by first learning the basics: letters and numbers. Developing physical literacy is no different; kids need to first learn basic movements like running, kicking, and catching so they have the abilities and confidence to engage in a variety of physical activities for life."

back to top>


Prenatal Parental Depression and Preterm Birth: A National Cohort Study
Source: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, January 20, 2016

Excerpt: "New paternal and maternal prenatal depression are potential risk factors for preterm birth. Mental health problems in both parents should be addressed for the prevention of preterm birth."

back to top>


Shared Framework for Building an Early Childhood Education and Care System for All
Source: Child Care Advocacy Association of Canada, January 20, 2016

Excerpt: "ECEC is demonstrably an issue for Canada’s middle class as even in 2015, most middle class families cannot find or afford the high quality child care they need and want. Yet for families living in poverty it is an especially critical issue. In a country in which 40% of Indigenous children living on- and off-reserve are growing up in poverty, the urgency of acting decisively on ECEC for all cannot be overstated."

back to top>


The Influence of Prior Experiences on Early Childhood Education Students' Anticipated Work with Families
Source: Teaching and Teacher Education, January 19, 2016

Excerpt: "Early childhood educators (ECEs) are increasingly expected to work collaboratively. In order to best prepare pre-service ECEs for their work with families, faculty members need to understand the prior experience and beliefs students bring to their professional training. This cross sectional study examined the biographical experience and previous postsecondary education of 215 beginning and 217 soon to graduate ECE diploma students. We found that prior experience and education were related to students' ratings of parental knowledge and to their assessments of the importance and feasibility and their level of preparation to engage in family involvement activities."

back to top>


Conflictual and Cooperative Childcare Politics in Canada
Source: International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy, January 15, 2016

Excerpt: "In 2005, after many years of inaction, the Canadian government seemed poised to make real changes to national childcare policy—a marker of social movement success for the grassroots Childcare Advocacy Association of Canada (CCAAC). In this paper, we analyse childcare policy developments in Canada between 2003 and 2005, drawing on qualitative interviews conducted with CCAAC staff and members, allies from other national childcare organizations, and former elected government officials and policy makers. Given its role as a grassroots social movement organization and not a professional association (which can be more closely aligned with governments), we hypothesized that the CCAAC would take a conflictual approach to the federal government’s policy initiative."

back to top>


Trends Shaping Education 2016
Source: OECD, January 2016

Excerpt: "Governments are increasingly working to assist families and support children. Public spending on family benefits has increased across most OECD countries for the past three decades. In particular, there has been a special emphasis on public spending on children between 0 and 5 years old, the most vulnerable age group."

back to top>


Poverty Linked to Childhood Depression, Changes in Brain Connectivity
Source: Washington University School of Medicine, January 15, 2016

Excerpt: "Analyzing brain scans of 105 children ages 7 to 12, the researchers found that key structures in the brain are connected differently in poor children than in kids raised in more affluent settings. In particular, the brain’s hippocampus — a structure key to learning, memory and regulation of stress — and the amygdala — which is linked to stress and emotion — connect to other areas of the brain differently in poor children than in kids whose families had higher incomes."

back to top>


Children’s Lies Are a Sign of Cognitive Progress
Source: The Wall Street Journal, January 13, 2016

Excerpt: "The ability to bend the truth is a developmental milestone, much like walking and talking. Research led by Kang Lee, a psychology professor at the University of Toronto, shows that lying begins early in precocious children. Among verbal 2-year-olds, 30% try to pull the wool over their parents’ eyes at some point. At age 3, 50% regularly try it. Fibbing is common among 80% of 4-year-olds and is seen in nearly all healthy 5- to 7-year-olds."

back to top>


Early Childhood Education and Social Mobility
Source: VOX, January 12, 2016

Excerpt: "The evidence from a variety of high-quality early childhood programmes, for which reported results can be replicated by objective analysts, tells a consistent story. They have substantial effects on life outcomes beyond IQ or achievement test scores that are the focus of attention in popular discussions of public policy. They promote physical and mental health, reduce criminal activity, and boost earnings and social engagement. The economic and social rates of return are high – comparable to returns on equity investment."

back to top>


Hello, My (Imaginary) Friend
Source: The Globe and Mail, January 7, 2015

Excerpt: "As a result of this work, a new profile of children with imaginary companions has emerged: They are more socially skilled, they perform better on tests of verbal skills and, perhaps not surprisingly, they are more creative than children who do not have imaginary friends. What’s more, these benefits do not end in childhood."

back to top>


Is Kindergarten the New First Grade?
Source: Sage Journals, January 6, 2016

Excerpt: "Kindergarten teachers reported whether their classrooms had 10 specific activity centers, such as a math area with manipulatives, a water or sand table, a science area, an art area, or a dramatic play area. We report the percentage of teachers who indicated they had each activity area in their classroom. Although the same set of questions was not asked of first-grade teachers, those teachers did report the frequency with which their students used a variety of materials, including art materials, musical instruments, costumes, or science equipment. We report changes over time in the percentage of first-grade teachers who indicated they use these materials daily, weekly, or never."

back to top>


Healthier School Lunch Rules Are Working, Study Finds
Source: Time, January 4, 2016

Excerpt: "It’s been just over five years since the Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) was signed into law, requiring foods served as part of the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) to contain more whole grains, vegetables and fruits. Now a new study published Monday in the journal JAMA Pediatrics reveals that school lunches have indeed gotten healthier, and close to the same number of students are still participating in the school lunch program."

back to top>



Early Grade Teacher Effectiveness and Pre-K Effect Persistence
Source: Sage Journals, December 2015

Excerpt: "Advocates of early childhood education generally view preschooling intervention as a vital and underutilized tool to narrow racial and socioeconomic outcome gaps in school and beyond (e.g., Doggett & Wat, 2010). Opponents tend to argue that the benefits of the programs are too short-lived to justify the costs (e.g., Dalmia & Snell, 2008). One important way research can inform this debate is by developing a stronger understanding of the factors that contribute to or inhibit the persistence of preschool benefits."

back to top>


Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program: Data Tables
Source: Statistics Canada, January 7, 2016

Description: "This program draws from a wide variety of data sources to provide information on school-age population, elementary, secondary and postsecondary education, transitions as well as labour market outcomes. The PCEIP is an ongoing initiative of the Canadian Education Statistics Council—a partnership between Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada—that provides a set of statistical measures on education systems in Canada."

back to top>



SECD's eMessage! - Poverty, Health and a Hopeful Example (Videos)
Source: Science of Early Child Development, January 2016

Excerpt: "SECD focuses on the developmental health perspective of early childhood - the ‘big picture’. The developmental health perspective helps us understand how genes, biology and environments interact to shape developmental outcomes for children, adults and whole populations."

back to top>



Child Learning: Flashy Toys vs. Nature (Audio)
Source: Radio Times with Marty Moss-Coane, January 5, 2016

Description: "Parents want to give their kids the best chance to learn and grow – even from a very young age. But it can be difficult to know if that ipad or brand-new noisy toy with flashing lights is good to give your kid – or if you should stick with simpler, quieter toys. "

back to top>



Study: Childcare Helps Brain Development for Kids in Chaotic Homes

Source: WUNC 91.5, January 4, 2016

Excerpt: "Berry says early brain development predicts social, educational and professional outcomes later in life, so providing childcare to poor children in chaotic homes could give them long-term benefits."

back to top>



Bulletin on Early Childhood Development

Source: Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development, December 2015

Excerpt: "This is the 12th edition of the Top Ten Bulletin series (started in 2002) to highlight the best recent research publications on early childhood development co-authored by at least one Canadian investigator. The ten papers were selected from 78 papers in high-impact international journals during 2013-14 and were ranked by 18 Canadian clinicians and researchers who were blind to the authors. The papers cover a wide spectrum of ground-breaking research, focusing on premature birth, child mortality, perinatal maternal mortality, obesity, asthma, allergies and brain development. Many of the papers investigate causes leading to these problems, including genetics, epigenetics, poverty, stress during pregnancy and child abuse."

back to top>



Parental Touch, Play and Support in Childhood Are Vital to Well-Being as an Adult
Source: PsyPost, December 27, 2015

Excerpt: "In describing this niche, Narvaez emphasizes six components: Soothing, naturalistic perinatal experiences; responsiveness to a baby’s needs including sensitivity to the signals of the baby before the baby cries; constant physical presence with plenty of affectionate touch; extensive breastfeeding; playful interactions with caregivers and friends; and a community of affectionate, mindful caregivers."

back to top>



RCPCH Responds to Screen Time Study Published in ADC
Source: Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, December 21, 2015

Excerpt: "Two year olds are adept at using touch screens, and can swipe, unlock, and actively search for features on smartphones and tablets, finds a study published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood."

back to top>



Sleep Deprivation and Developmental Health
Source: Early Development Instrument, December 17, 2015

Excerpt: "Meeting the recommended 11-12 hours of sleep was associated with better developmental health in preschool children. In contrast, children who slept for 8 hours or less were less likely to have “very ready” CEDI domains in the Social Competence, Emotional Maturity, and Communication Skills and General Knowledge domains. Furthermore, being sleep deprived was associated with worse developmental health, more hyperactivity and inattention, and less prosocial behavior."

back to top>



When Rationing Plays a Role: Selection Criteria in the Italian Early Child Care System
Source: Families and Societies, December 7, 2015

Excerpt: "Our study explores the impact of selection criteria on the costs and benefits of early child care for mothers’ employment, child development, and municipalities’ revenues by exploiting the selection criteria of different Italian municipalities in assigning child care slots. In Italy, only around 13% of the demand for public child care coverage is met, and the number of applications exceeds the number of places in child care services in all regions. In conditions of excess demand, municipalities introduce selection criteria to give priority to families for whom access to public child care appears to be more valuable."

back to top>

OISEcms v.1.0 | Site last updated: Friday, February 23, 2018 Disclaimer | Webmaster

© OISE University of Toronto
Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, 252 Bloor Street West, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1V6 CANADA