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Resources > News > Archived News & Resources from the e-Newsletter - October 2017

Archived News & Resources from the e-Newsletter - October 2017

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The Atkinson Centre weekly e-Newsletter is issued every Thursday afternoon.
In addition, time-sensitive special messages are sent out occasionally.

 

News

Ready for Life: A Socio-Economic Analysis of Early Childhood Education and Care, documents the role of early education in reducing intergenerational poverty by improving the future income prospects for children while lifting the labour participation of their mothers.   The report by the Conference Board of Canada notes the importance of the duration in ECE attendance to child outcomes and recommends governments grow universal early education to three years while improving program quality.   The report says Canada’s fiscal position allows for new investments and ECE should be a prime area given its high socio-economic returns.

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Every $1 spent on early childhood education pays back $6 later, report finds
Source: CBC News, October 27, 2017

Excerpt: "In a paper published Thursday, the think-tank argues that for every dollar spent on early childhood education programs, the economy gets about $6 worth of economic benefits down the line. Not only do such programs give kids a head start, but they free up parents to work and increase the family's income, too. "The science is unquestioning," said Craig Alexander, the group's chief economist and one of the authors of the report."

To access the report, Ready for Life: A Socio-Economic Analysis of Early Childhood Education and Care:

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ON: Ontario's Fair Workplaces Bill Needs To Do A Better Job For Families
Source: Huffington Post, October 31, 2017

Excerpt: "The work scheduling component of the bill will have a significant impact on families. Predictable and stable work schedules are incredibly important for families who need to arrange daily child care or child-minding if their child falls sick or if a parent has a second job, training or education program they need to attend. Families need stable work schedules so they can predict monthly incomes, particularly when working part-time, flexible hours."

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ON: Parents push Ontario to solve overcrowding in schools
Source: CBC News, October 31, 2017

Excerpt: "Overcrowding in Willowdale area public schools means that some parents have had to consider other options when it comes to their children's education. Lu Sun's daughter, Natalie, was supposed to attend junior kindergarten this September, but nearby Churchill Public School was full. "We are putting her in Montessori school right now. We're hoping to get her into senior kindergarten next year ... If you're in this area you're definitely affected by the overcrowding," said Sun."

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CA: Government of Canada Strengthens Canada Child Benefit
Source: Government of Canada, October 30, 2017

Excerpt: "Today in Victoria, British Columbia, the Honourable Carla Qualtrough, Minister of Public Services and Procurement visited James Bay Community School where she highlighted how the Government intends to strengthen the Canada Child Benefit (CCB) by making annual cost of living increases starting in July 2018—two years ahead of schedule. For a single parent of two children making $35,000, a strengthened CCB will contribute $560 in the 2019–20 benefit year towards the cost of raising his or her children. That means more money, tax-free, for books, skating lessons or warm clothes for winter. The added confidence the CCB brings to families has been shown to have an immediate impact on economic growth."

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SK: 4-year-old with special needs turned away from Sask. pre-k
Source: CBC News, October 31, 2017

Excerpt: "After Steer submitted the necessary paperwork, the principal of Westberry School called to tell him that his son was denied enrolment due to health issues. Although Leslie's parents and doctors insisted an educational assistant wouldn't be necessary, the school said he would have to stay home a year because the classroom didn't have one. "It was very frustrating to hear that," Steer said. "I think every kid in Saskatchewan, or anywhere, that has a disability or anything should be allowed to go to school — even if there is budget cuts.""

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NS: Early childhood education expert: I saw a brilliant way to teach kids. Unfortunately it wasn’t in the United States.
Source: The Washington Post, October 31, 2017

Excerpt: "I just visited with early childhood professionals in Nova Scotia, Canada. They showed me their new Early Learning Framework for the education of young children. It is a stellar example of what early childhood education could be if a country did it right, and a painful example for someone coming from a country where we do it so wrong."

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NS: Province asks for input on child care in wake of pre-primary rollout
Source: CBC News, October 31, 2017

Excerpt: ""This consultation is not about pre-primary program and how it's implemented," said Education Minister Zach Churchill. "This is about how we strategically grow the child-care sector and the private and not-for-profit sector." "The fact is right now the sector only has capacity to provide for about 25 per cent of our preschool-age children, and if we were to grow that sector, that's going to take time. It's going to take investment.""

  • To complete the survey (November 21 deadline)

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QC: One-day daycare strike in Quebec affecting 21,000 children
Source: Toronto Star, October 30, 2017

Excerpt: "More than 11,000 daycare workers staged a one-day walkout across Quebec on Monday, forcing thousands of parents to seek alternate arrangements for their children. The job action affected some 400 daycare centres and had an impact on more than 21,000 children."

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QC: Vive les services de garde!
Source: l’actualite, October 13, 2017

Excerpt: "Même après la hausse du tarif selon le revenu introduite par Philippe Couillard en 2015, les frais de garde restent de quatre à cinq fois plus faibles au Québec que dans les autres provinces. En moyenne, en 2016, faire garder son enfant coûtait 10 dollars par jour au Québec. À Ottawa, c’était 47 dollars, à Vancouver 49, à Toronto 54."

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US: To Change the World, Begin Building One That's Good for Children
Source: NBC News, October 30, 2017

Excerpt: "Human early learning is the stuff of wonder, but it is also the future of our species. Neuroscience and the economics of early childhood development now support the moral and civic duty of caring for children; addressing newborns’ primary needs is in everyone's interest and can't be left to chance."

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AU: Early childhood investment wasted without quality
Source: Education HQ, October 27, 2017

Excerpt: "Highly skilled educators are the most important ingredient to achieving high quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) but many early childhood educators don’t receive sufficient training or support."

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ON: Ontario Expanding Early Years Programming for Children and Families
Source: Government of Ontario, October 24, 2017

Excerpt: "Ontario is making it easier for children and their families to access high quality early years programming and services with the launch of 100 new EarlyON Child and Family Centres across the province. Mitzie Hunter, Minister of Education, and Indira Naidoo-Harris, Minister Responsible for Early Years and Child Care, were at College Montrose Children's Place in Toronto today to announce that Ontario is building 100 new centres and bringing four existing child and family programs under a new EarlyON brand."

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ON: Kindergarten parents at St. George say they're losing out in annual class-size shuffle
Source: Ottawa Citizen, October 23, 2017

Excerpt: "The province says kindergarten classes should have a maximum of 30 students. The cap will fall to 29 next year. At St. George, there are three kindergarten classes, with 30, 30 and 31 students. Parents say the classes contain too many kids for one teacher and one early-childhood educator to handle. They want a fourth class, and plan to make their case to trustees at the Ottawa Catholic School Board meeting Tuesday."

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CA: Federal economic outlook improves, deficit projected at $19.9B in 2017-18
Source: CTV News, October 24, 2017

Excerpt: "The federal government is increasing the Canada child benefit by indexing it to inflation as of July 2018, to reflect the rising cost of living. This is expected to cost an additional $5.6 billion over the first five years. Originally the government planned to index the benefit to inflation in 2020-2021. Deciding to start the indexation two years early is a result of the improved economic situation, the government says."

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BC: Playground funding for B.C. schools planned, minister says
Source: CBC News, October 24, 2017

Excerpt: "The B.C. government is reviewing how school playgrounds are funded and built with the aim of funding replacements and upgrades, which can cost tens of thousands of dollars, from the provincial education budget."

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NS: Nova Scotia releases survey on province’s education system
Source: Global News, October 23, 2017

Excerpt: "According to a press release, Avis Glaze, the Ontario-based expert brought in to carry out an education system administrative review, is looking for feedback on three questions: 1. What administrative changes would you propose should be made to the education system to ensure the focus is on the needs of students?; 2. What changes would you propose should be made to the Department of Education and Early Child Development?; 3. What changes would you propose should be made to the administration of school boards?"

  • To access the survey (November 3 deadline)

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PE: Jordan Brown named to P.E.I. education portfolio
Source: CBC News, October 23, 2017

Excerpt: ""I'm very excited at this opportunity — and I should say nervous at the same time," said Brown with a big smile, noting his wife is a teacher. "I'm coming in with a lot to learn but I'm keen to do that and very excited to be coming in at a time where we have tremendous opportunities in this province to grow, with the work we've done in education over the past couple of years.""

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NU: Nunavut daycare ups fees by $1 per day starting 2018
Source: Nunatsiaq Online, October 20, 2017

Excerpt: "The 1.6 per cent figure, the daycare said, was based on the average rate of change in the Consumer Price Index for Iqaluit. The $1 daily increase for the next three years works out to $5 more per week and roughly $20 more per month in 2018, with the same increase for 2019 and 2020. Current fees at Aakuluk are $57 per day for an infant and $53 per day for a pre-school aged child. Those daily fees will rise to $60 and $56 respectively, by 2020. “Costs to the daycare, like any business or household in the territory, increase annually. The daycare often struggles to cover total expenses,” said the letter to parents. Aakuluk added that they also struggle to attract and retain high quality staff."

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YK: Radon tests to be required for Yukon day homes, child care centres: territory
Source: News 1130, October 18, 2017

Excerpt: "The Yukon government will make radon testing a licensing requirement for new and existing child care centres and day homes in the territory. If the tests are positive, those same facilities must also act to reduce radon gas concentrations, the government announced Wednesday. “I’m really proud to say that Yukon is leading the way on this,” Health and Social Services Minister Pauline Frost said in an interview. Currently, no other Canadian jurisdiction mandates radon testing to obtain a day care or day home licence, the minister said."

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UK: Childcare costs in England rise up to seven times faster than wages
Source: The Guardian, October 20, 2017

Excerpt: "TUC research published on Friday shows that childcare costs for parents with a one-year-old have soared by almost half (48%) over a period when their wages have fallen after adjusting for inflation, albeit rising by 12% in cash terms. The difference in the rate of increase was greatest in London, where childcare costs rose 7.4 times faster than pay between 2008 and 2016, and the East Midlands, where they rose seven times quicker."

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ON: Ontario and Canada Boosting Child Care Programs for Ottawa-Area Families
Source: Government of Ontario, October 13, 2017

Excerpt: "Ontario is helping 100,000 more children aged 0-4 access affordable, quality, and responsive licensed child care in schools, homes, and communities over the next five years. Making licensed child care more affordable and more accessible for families is part of our plan to create jobs, grow our economy and help people in their everyday lives."

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CA: This is why child obesity rates have soared
Source: The Conversation, October 17, 2017

Excerpt: "The problem is that we have restructured our environment to be the exact opposite of what we need to maintain our energy balance. On one side of the equation, our food supply is dominated by energy dense, nutrient poor foods that are available 24 hours a day. In the United States alone, companies spend $1.79 billion annually to market unhealthy food to children, compared with only $280 million on healthy foods. In Canada over 90 per cent of food and beverage product ads viewed by children and youth online are for unhealthy food products."

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SK: 'Life is a beautiful journey': Nicole Cook continues to expand specialized daycare in Sask.
Source: CBC News, October 12, 2017

Excerpt: "Cook struggled to find child care for Ethan when she was going to start working at Regina's Pasqua Hospital. But then she heard an ICU nurse who, while on her maternity leave, was running a daycare in her home and would be able to support Ethan's needs."

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QC: 91% of parents with kids aged 5 and under want more services and activities for young children in their municipality
Source: Early Childhood Observatory, October 17, 2017

Excerpt: ""A surprising finding is that only 24% of parents with children aged 5 and under feel that the municipality is the level of government best equipped to improve their family's quality of life. And yet, municipalities have the power to take concrete action that affects the immediate environment and, as a result, the well-being and development of young children," said Fannie Dagenais, director of the Early Childhood Observatory."

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US: Prof. discusses link between socioeconomic inequality and children’s brain development and the effects on legislation and policy
Source: Daily Collegian, October 14, 2017

Excerpt: "“Cognitive skills most connected to socioeconomic status are memory, language, executive function and visuospatial skills,” Noble said. “From kindergarten through adolescence, the greatest disparity is language skills. Children of more highly educated parents have better language skills by 21 months.”"

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US: Early childhood education sees some gains as city aims to set approach with third study
Source: Cambridge Day, October 13, 2017

Excerpt: "Progress on plans for universal preschool in Cambridge is promising, but needs to go a lot faster, officials said at a Tuesday roundtable on early education with City Council and School Committee members. A wait list for early education classrooms reached 800 families – it is now frozen – as the city created two classrooms, started a subsidy program and geared up for a consultant’s study of the issue, which will follow studies from 2011 and 2015."

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UK: Want to really reduce inequality? Help children before they get to school
Source: apolitical, October 10, 2017

Excerpt: "Breakthroughs in early childhood development have been enabled by a deeper understanding of how babies develop. Between life in the womb to heading off to school, infants develop at an astonishing rate. After 1,000 days in the world, their brain has reached 80% of its adult weight."

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ZA: Stark inequalities in early learning development
Source: Cape Times, October 15, 2017

Excerpt: "“Early childhood is a very sensitive period of development, with the brain and body growing very quickly. The development that takes place at this time will affect all future health, behaviour, and learning,” says Almeleh. “Children require certain essential services during this time to develop. If they don’t receive them, it is very difficult to help them catch up later,” he said."

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RW: Government to pay preschool teachers
Source: The New Times, October 13, 2017

Excerpt: "The minister said that, presently, teachers in public preschools only receive bonuses, which vary depending on the capacity of parents and communities in which they operate. The plan, he said, is to increase the number of preschool-going children from the current 24 per cent of children aged between three and six years to at least 45 per cent in the next seven years."

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ON: 70% of Torontonians want fully-funded public daycare
Source: Newstalk 1010, October 10, 2017

Excerpt: "70% of Torontonians agree all families in the city need to have access to fully-funded public daycare. That's among the findings of "The Pulse of Toronto", an exclusive poll by DART Insight and Communications commissioned by NEWSTALK 1010. 74% of city residents with children back the idea. DART did not ask respondents how they’d like to see such a program paid for."

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ON: More than 640 Ontario schools and daycares failed lead tests in the past two years
Source: Toronto Star, October 6, 2017

Excerpt: "Even though Ontario is recognized as a North American leader for ensuring kids have safe water to drink, according to newly obtained government data, more than 640 schools and daycares found lead levels in drinking water that failed to meet the provincial standard over the past two years."

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CA: Canada's Justin Trudeau: We'll Show You 'Can Be a Minister and a Mom'
Source: Fortune, October 11, 2017

Excerpt: "At the time, though, Canada had no policy in place allotting a certain number of paid weeks off to Cabinet ministers—and Trudeau is still working on creating one. “We’re giving her as many as we can figure out that we need to, and as many as she wants, like we don’t know!” he said. “We’re writing this, but we’re writing it together with her, and she gets to help define it, and hopefully we’ll get to show that it’s possible to be a minister and a mom, and everything, according to your own choices.”"

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BC: Natural playground spurs outdoor learning
Source: North Shore News, October 10, 2017

Excerpt: "Now, appropriately aged Highlands preschoolers can enjoy the new natural playground, which features a mulch playground, balance beam log, sand riverbed, small wooden houses, a raised outdoor kitchen area – where youth can gather material from the environment and pretend to cook – and a number of boulders and planter boxes, among other additions."

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NL: Provincial Government is Providing Opportunities for Play-Based Learning in Primary Grades
Source: Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, October 10, 2017

Excerpt: "The Provincial Government, the Newfoundland and Labrador English School District and the Conseil scolaire francophone provincial de Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador are collaborating to provide professional learning opportunities on play-based learning for grade one teachers province-wide. Grade one classes will receive play-based learning resources to support greater play-focused education in the classroom. Teachers will be provided with professional resources: ‘Primarily Play’ and ‘Common Understandings for Play-Based Learning’."

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NU: Qikiqtani Inuit parents get $5-a-day child care subsidy
Source: Nunatsiaq Online, October 5, 2017

Excerpt: "For any Qikiqtani Inuit parents who struggle with daycare bills, a new Qikiqtani Inuit Association funding program might be a good thing for them to look into. Starting this month, the Baffin Inuit org is offering a $5-a-day subsidy to Qikiqtani Inuit parents in all 13 Baffin communities who have children enrolled at licensed child care centres. And, starting next year, Qikiqtani child care centres will receive new culturally relevant resources like books, games and toys."

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AU: Are greedy developers and landlords gouging childcare parents?
Source: ABC News, October 11, 2017

Excerpt: "Property developers and landlords are inflating the cost of childcare and condemning children to spending their childhoods in crappy environments. And worse? They're getting government support to do it. Increasingly, whacking up a childcare centre is looking like a good option to the property developers of Australia. Especially when the dominant narrative is of child care scarcity."

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AU: Sleep and the restless preschooler: why policies need to change
Source: The Conversation, October 5, 2017

Excerpt: "Our extensive studies of sleep practices in Queensland have found that many services do not provide alternatives for non-sleeping children or for children who are tired outside the scheduled sleep-rest time. Observing 2,300 preschool children in 130 centres, we found that only 30% slept during sleep-rest times, yet 80% of centres mandated a period of time where no alternative activity was permitted."

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UK: Free childcare urged for all to stop poorest falling behind
Source: BBC News, October 9, 2017

Excerpt: "She said: "There is clear evidence that if you invest in early years' education and high quality childcare it makes a significant difference to the life chances of children from the poorest backgrounds and promotes social mobility.""

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IE: Mothers of premature babies to be given extended maternity leave
Source: Irish Examiner, October 3, 2017

Excerpt: "Maternity leave is being extended for mothers whose babies are born prematurely, writes Juno McEnroe. The Government decision will be announced today and is expected to benefit over 4,500 mothers annually. The initiative — originally recommended by the Green Party— will see extended benefit paid by the State for the period between the actual birth and when the leave would have commenced."

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NZ: Months-long waiting lists reported as Timaru early childhood centres cope with demand
Source: The Timaru Herald, October 8, 2017

Excerpt: "Most of Timaru's early childhood centres have waiting lists - with some stretching into the middle of next year - but there are still too many early childhood education centres in South Canterbury, an educator says. South Canterbury Kindergarten Association general manager Dave Hawkey said he remained sure the region had too many early childhood education (ECE) centres: "Not all the early childhood centres here have a waiting list - a few do"."

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ON: Wait list down for subsidized child care
Source: The Oshawa Express, October 4, 2017

Excerpt: "The region has cut its subsidized child care wait list by more than one-third over the past year, thanks mostly due to increased funding from the provincial and federal governments."

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MB: Province to Increase Operating Grants for Home-Based Child Care
Source: Government of Manitoba, September 29, 2017

Excerpt: "The Manitoba government is increasing annual operating grants for licensed, home-based child-care providers by $245,000 this fiscal year with additional increases in future years, Families Minister Scott Fielding announced today. “These funds will benefit more than 300 home-based, licensed child-care providers throughout the province with increases based on their licenced number and type of spaces,” said Fielding. “This will help strengthen the stability of home-based operators and better support the creation of new spaces in homes in the future.”"

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MB: Critical child-care action plan on horizon for Manitoba
Source: Winnipeg Sun, September 29, 2017

Excerpt: "Families Minister Scott Fielding said negotiations to claim roughly $15 million of federal child-care cash in each of the next three years are well underway. He expects to announce an agreement soon, followed by Manitoba’s master child-care plan."

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NB: Margaret McCain sees education as “the great equalizer”
Source: The Aquinian, October 3, 2017

Excerpt: "McCain said Canadian values include strong belief in the common good – which includes a fair playing field for early education. “We believe everybody should have an equal opportunity,” McCain said. “No democracy can call themselves a democracy if they don’t provide those for their citizens.”"

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PE: Government commits $300,000 to childcare subsidy program
Source: The Guardian, October 1, 2017

Excerpt: "The additional funds to the program will allow rates for before- and after-school child care and private sitters to increase, and the monthly subsidy amounts will see a jump to $120 for eligible families whose income is below a particular level."

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US: San Francisco Considers Universal Childcare Program
Source: CBS News, September 26, 2017

Excerpt: "Kim said that nationwide, 60 percent of households with children do not have a stay at home parent, and center-based childcare for an infant in more than half the states in the United States costs more than tuition and fees at four-year public universities."

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Resources

Ready for Life: A Socio-Economic Analysis of Early Childhood Education and Care, documents the role of early education in reducing intergenerational poverty by improving the future income prospects for children while lifting the labour participation of their mothers.   The report by the Conference Board of Canada notes the importance of the duration in ECE attendance to child outcomes and recommends governments grow universal early education to three years while improving program quality.   The report says Canada’s fiscal position allows for new investments and ECE should be a prime area given its high socio-economic returns.

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Childhood National Immunization Coverage Survey, 2011 (revised data)
Source: Statistics Canada, November 1, 2017

Description: "Updated data are available for the 2011 Childhood National Immunization Coverage Survey."

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Two New Surveys of Parents Come with Surprises for Early Ed
Source: New America, October 30, 2017

Excerpt: "Two new surveys show that parents of young children put a premium on their children’s social and emotional growth. Those results—which run counter to the well-worn emphasis on helping children learn their ABCs and become academically prepared for kindergarten—come from studies by The Trust for Learning, a group of grantmakers focused on quality early learning, and the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC), a national membership association for teachers and other educators of children from birth through age 8."

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The Neuroscience of Paid Parental Leave
Source: Scientific American, October 30, 2017

Excerpt: "Paid parental leave (for both parents) is associated with decreased infant mortality, less postpartum depression, more breastfeeding, more follow-up doctor appointments and more involved dads—all things that promote healthy brain development."

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Quality is Key in Early Childhood Education in Australia
Source: Mitchell Institute, October 27, 2017

Excerpt: "Early education benefits all children, especially those who experience disadvantage. We know that early education produces the greatest return when it’s of high quality, but many early childhood services in Australia are not meeting standards. Children from lower socioeconomic backgrounds – the children who have the most to gain – are less likely to access high quality services than children from higher socio-economic families. In the most disadvantaged areas, services were 10 per cent less likely to meet the key quality benchmark than more advantaged areas."

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AECEO Decent Work Task Force Webinar & Workforce Strategy Consultation Survey now online
Source: AECEO, October 24, 2017

Excerpt: "Since 2015, with funding from the Atkinson Foundation, the AECEO has joined forces with the Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care and the Atkinson Centre to mobilize the early years and child care workforce across Ontario in this movement, broadening the focus to include decent work. In an effort to include the voices of those closest to this work, we organized 8 forums from Sault Ste. Marie to Ottawa. In recognition of the valuable role local leaders play in advancing the movement and galvanizing communities around these critical issues, in 2017 we also provided intensive leadership training in four of the communities and have trained over 100 educators, staff and parents."

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Resilience (video)
Source: Science of Early Child Development, October 20, 2017

Excerpt: "Resilience refers to the capacity to withstand or bounce back after a challenging circumstance. Individuals may be resilient and so too can systems, such as a family or economic system. Why are some resilient while others are seemingly not? Is resilience a constant capacity or does it fluctuate?"

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Dartmouth economist outlines reforms to improve access to affordable, high quality child care
Source: Eureka Alert, October 22, 2017

Excerpt: "For families in the U.S., the costs of high-quality child care are exorbitant, especially for those with children under age five. A new policy proposal, "Public Investments in Child Care," by Dartmouth Associate Professor of Economics Elizabeth Cascio, finds that current federal child care tax policies are not benefiting the families most burdened by child care costs. Therefore, Cascio outlines a new policy that could replace the current federal child care tax policies. The research examines child care for children ages 0-12 years, with a focus on 0-4 years."

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Fighting anti-black racism: Teaching kids to identify individual black people can reduce racial bias
Source: University of Toronto, October 12, 2017

Excerpt: "“Our study points to the effectiveness of intervention in early childhood – before bias has become entrenched,” she continued. “As Dr. Lee pointed out, we also suggest that parents and teachers can help reduce bias by teaching children to distinguish other-race individuals by their names and personal attributes, instead of focusing on categorical traits, such as saying, ‘the black boy’, for example.”"

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Decade of Ontario EDI results released
Source: Early Development Instrument, September 25, 2017

Excerpt: "Over the last decade there is a slight upwards trend in the percent of Ontario kindergartners vulnerable in at least one domain of their development. However, children are improving in two key domains of their development."

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Early education and care is key to improving school readiness
Source: Child and Family Blog, October 17, 2017

Excerpt: "However, children cared for in formal ECEC settings such as nurseries or playgroups had significantly better socio-emotional outcomes. They exhibited more prosocial behaviour and fewer emotional symptoms and peer problems. Children cared for by child minders were likewise found to benefit in this way; they showed fewer emotional problems and were better able to regulate their own behaviour."

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Poverty Trends 2017
Source: CPJ, October 2017

Excerpt: "Child and family poverty persists at high rates, particularly in single-parent households, in spite of a commitment made in Parliament in 1989 to end child poverty in Canada by 2000. Single-parent families are most often female-led (80%), and of these households, Indigenous women, racialized women, and women with disabilities have higher poverty rates; Though the Canada Child Benefit, implemented in 2016, has the potential of reducing child poverty, improvements are needed. These include immediate indexation to inflation, improving take up by Indigenous communities, and addressing barriers to new immigrants, refugees and refugee claimants; Affordable, high-quality childcare remains out of reach for most families, further marginalizing children from equal access to quality care and women from the workforce."

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Creating Inclusive Early Learning Environments for LGBTQ2+ Families
Source: eceLINK, Fall 2017

Excerpt: "Be aware of the language you use. For instance, instead of saying, “Take this home to your Mommy and Daddy”, you can say, “Take this home to your family.” Also, when getting to know new parents in your centre, be careful not to assume heterosexuality. When speaking to one parent, avoid using gender specific language about their significant other unless they have shared the gender of their partner."

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How childhood trauma changes our hormones, and thus our mental health, into adulthood
Source: The Conversation, October 16, 2017

Excerpt: "Studies in rodents have taught us how the development of the oxytocin system is altered by early trauma. Early life stress changes oxytocin levels within the hypothalamus and the amygdala, which are important brain regions in the production of oxytocin and emotional regulation respectively. Even the functioning of the oxytocin receptor is altered following early life trauma."

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Education inequalities at the school starting gate
Source: Economic Policy Institute, September 27, 2017

Excerpt: "Extensive research has conclusively demonstrated that children’s social class is one of the most significant predictors—if not the single most significant predictor—of their educational success. Moreover, it is increasingly apparent that performance gaps by social class take root in the earliest years of children’s lives and fail to narrow in the years that follow. That is, children who start behind stay behind—they are rarely able to make up the lost ground."

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70% of mental health issues can be address in early childhood | Dr Charles Pascal (video)
Source: Storypark, October 2, 2017

Description: "Mental health problems affect about 1 in 10 children. What difference can we make as educators?"

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The Economic and Social Impacts of an Accessible, High Quality Child Care System in Toronto
Source: City of Toronto, September 25, 2017

Excerpt: "Toronto City Council recently adopted Toronto’s 10 year Licensed Child Care Growth Strategy, which lays out a roadmap for building the more accessible child care system that Toronto families need. To achieve its vision, the plan requires significant, sustained investments from all three orders of government. This report clearly lays out why these investments make sense not only for Toronto’s children and families, but for its economy at large."

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Tenfold increase in childhood and adolescent obesity in four decades: new study by Imperial College London and WHO
Source: World Health Organization, October 11, 2017

Excerpt: "The number of obese children and adolescents (aged five to 19 years) worldwide has risen tenfold in the past four decades. If current trends continue, more children and adolescents will be obese than moderately or severely underweight by 2022, according to a new study led by Imperial College London and WHO."

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Women 'spend more time on housework, childcare than men'
Source: Medical News Today, October 10, 2017

Excerpt: "When it came to childcare, too, the pattern remained consistent. Fathers relaxed for 47 percent of the time that their partners were looking after the child, while mothers did the same for only 16 percent of the time that their partners were performing childcare duties."

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Children with ADHD move twice as much when learning, brain tests show
Source: CBC News, October 10, 2017

Excerpt: "Rapport's latest study adds a scientific perspective to anecdotes from parents, teachers and researchers about how children with ADHD can pay attention. It also supports the benefits of movement for individuals with the disorder, said Jennifer Crosbie, a psychologist in the psychiatry department at Sick Kids Hospital in Toronto."

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How Your Brain Changes After Baby
Source: NBC News, October 5, 2017

Excerpt: "Missing in the equation that’s present in other, happier countries is the support of parents through programs like subsidized high-quality early childhood education and parental leave policies, including sick and vacation time. “We are the only industrialized country in the world that expects parents to shoulder this all. It raises the cost and lowers the benefit of parenthood,” she continues."

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Presentations and Pictures Posted!
Atlantic Institute on Early Learning and Care: Putting Early Learning Frameworks into Practice

A big thank you to everyone for your participation at our First Annual Atlantic Institute last month in Halifax! It was wonderful having such a diverse and amazing crowd all together under one roof, talking about what’s most important to them; early learning!

Presentations and Photos from the August event have now been posted.

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Constructing Policy Change: Early Childhood Education and Care in Liberal Welfare States
Source: University of Toronto Press, September 29, 2017

Excerpt: "In the first part of the book, the author investigates the sources of policy ideas that triggered ECEC changes in various national contexts. This is followed by a close analysis of cross-national variation in the implementation of ECEC policy in Canada and the USA. White argues that the primary mechanisms for policy change are grounded in policy investment logics as well as cultural logics: that is, shifts in public sentiments and government beliefs about the value of ECEC policies and programs are rooted in both evidence-based arguments and in principled beliefs about the policy."

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Progress on gender equality far too slow
Source: OECD, October 4, 2017

Excerpt: "Since 2013, about two-thirds of OECD countries have put in place new equal pay policies, involving greater transparency on pay with companies increasingly required to analyse and disclose their gender wage gaps. Many countries have also introduced measures to improve access to quality early childhood education and care, as well as encouraged fathers to take parental leave: several, including Canada, Japan, Korea and Poland, have increased subsidies or benefits for childcare; and others, including Norway and the UK, have introduced or expanded free childcare."

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Traditional gender roles are still prevalent among early kindergarten students
Source: phys.org, September 28, 2017

Excerpt: "In the study, the students observed the expectations concerning the gender roles that girls and boys can encounter in ECEC. The students observed staff and children in their ordinary everyday routines. They looked at whether girls and boys are given equal opportunities in play activities and group sessions, without any restrictions stemming from traditional expectations concerning gender roles. The results indicate that children are often limited by the traditional perceptions of ECEC staff concerning gender roles, and that the children themselves can break with traditional gender role patterns."

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