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ON: Ontario Increases Wages for Early Childhood Educators
Source: Government of Ontario, January 19, 2015

Excerpt: "Starting this month, Ontario is implementing a wage increase of $1 per hour for eligible child care workers in the licensed child care sector. Another wage increase is set for next year."

ON: Parents Struggle to Save Rare Downtown Non-Profit Daycare
Source: Toronto Star, January 19, 2015

Excerpt: "In a last-ditch effort to save one of the few non-profit daycares that offers subsidized spots in Toronto’s high-rent financial district, parents at George Brown College’s doomed Scotia Plaza child-care centre want to launch a $2.5-million fundraiser."

Are We There Yet? Reflections on Universal Child Care In 2015
Source: Rabble.ca, January 21, 2015

Excerpt: "Canadians are hyper-aware that the next federal election is imminent with October 19 the fixed date and a spring election evermore improbable as the economy slips and slides. Whenever it is, child care will be an ardently debated election issue, likely to be influenced by the considerable food-for-thought coming from ChildCare 2020."

NDP Rolling Out Election Platform (Video)
Source: Canada AM, January 21, 2015

Description: "Thomas Mulcair speaks to Canada AM about the NDP platform, including child care, for the upcoming election."

QC: Quebec Drops Controversial Fine over ‘Phantom’ Daycare Spaces
Source: Global News, January 20, 2015

Excerpt: "After three days of consultations, Quebec’s Family Minister said she has decided not to fine parents whose children are registered for a full-time daycare spot but who don’t use it five days a week."

NS: Early Intervention Review to Address Waitlists, Increase Supports
Source: Government of Nova Scotia, January 20, 2015

Excerpt: "Early intervention programs in Nova Scotia deliver services for young children who are diagnosed with, or are at risk of, developmental delay. The services are designed to help both the child and the family from the time the child is born, to when they are old enough to enter school. The programs also help parents access the resources they need to assist their children."

QC: Single Parents' Federation Slams Couillard Daycare Reform
Source: Montreal Gazette, January 20, 2015

Excerpt: "Life is rarely easy for a single mother or father trying to raise a child, but it will become even tougher if the Couillard government follows through with its reform of public daycares, according to a group representing single-parent and blended families."

NS: Early Years Centre Announced for Arichat School
Source: Cape Breton Post, January 19, 2015

Excerpt: "The new Early Years Centre, located at the Conseil scolaire acadien provincial school in the Richmond County community of Arichat on Isle Madame, is one of four new facilities announced on Monday."

BC: BC Should Follow Ontario in Giving Early Childhood Educators a Raise: Advocate
Source: News 1130, January 19, 2015

Excerpt: "Ontario’s premier is promising to give early childhood educators a raise. Beginning this month, licensed ECEs in the eastern province will have a $1.00 wage increase. A second dollar increase will follow the year after. Emily Mlieczko with the Early Childhood Educators of BC is calling for a similar thing to be done in this province."

NB: After-School Physical Activity Targetted by New Initiative
Source: CBC News, January 16, 2015

Excerpt: "A new non-profit organization is working with community groups to help boost activity levels among children and youth, especially in the after-school period. Recreation New Brunswick identified the period between 3 p.m. and 6 p.m. as a “risky” time for young people when it comes to physical activity levels."

How Bad Is It? How Good Can It Be?
Source: The News, January 15, 2015

Excerpt: "Testing of five-year-olds indicates that at least one out of four Canadian children start school without the skills necessary for them to be successful at school. Canadian testing shows that 27 per cent of Canadian kindergarten children have a vulnerability in at least one of the early development measurements (physical, social, cognitive or emotional development)."

BC: More B.C. Children Caught in the Cracks
Source: Times Colonist, December 28, 2014

Excerpt: "Because Erwin was on employment insurance for six months before her son’s birth, she was not eligible for a full maternity year off. So she went on income assistance and eventually found a minimum-wage job working in a kitchen part time. But whatever money she made was clawed back from her social assistance cheque. Then she had to pay for childcare, which, even at a subsidized rate, was about $300 a month."

AU: Treading Carefully on Family Policy Reform
Source: The Sydney Morning Herald, January 17, 2015

Excerpt: "As the new Minister for Social Services, Scott Morrison finds himself trying to devise a cradle-through-school-years view of family policy. Instead of seeing paid parental leave, childcare and the thorny issue of getting more parents into the workforce as separate issues the government wants to tackle them as one."

IN: Experts Blame Lack of Pre-Primary Education
Source: DNA India, January 17, 2015

Excerpt: "Swati Popat Vats, President Early Childhood Association, cited the reason of poor performance of children to be the absence of pre-primary schools. "Interest in education starts from early years. One cannot develop interest in education at the age of 6. According to the early childhood policy of the Indian government, a 3-year-old should be subjected to play-based learning, and once the child turns 5, reading, writing and number work should start. That is the time when you start making a connection with your brain. Almost 98 per cent of the brain develop in early age. The brain is not getting that foundation in an early stage and so we see dropouts.""

US: White House Makes Big Push for Paid Family Leave
Source: Huffington Post, January 15, 2015

Excerpt: "President Barack Obama plans to sign a memorandum giving federal workers at least six weeks of paid family leave after a child is born, according to a post by White House adviser Valerie Jarrett on the professional networking site LinkedIn."

US: Teachers of Toddlers Should Earn Like They Matter
Source: The Weekly Wonk, January 15, 2015

Excerpt: "The adults working in early childhood programs set the foundation for future learning, developing essential knowledge in their young students as well as the skills, habits, and mindsets children need to succeed later in school and flourish in life."

US: The Talking Cure
Source: The New Yorker, January 12, 2015

Excerpt: "In the nineteen-eighties, two child psychologists at the University of Kansas, Betty Hart and Todd Risley, began comparing, in detail, how parents of different social classes talked with their children. Hart and Risley had both worked in preschool programs designed to boost the language skills of low-income kids, but they had been dissatisfied with the results of such efforts: the achievement gap between rich and poor had continued to widen. They decided to look beyond the classroom and examine what went on inside the home."

ON: Could Possible Shakeup Break Up The TDSB?
Source: Toronto Star, January 12, 2015

Excerpt: "Too big, too unwieldly and utterly dysfunctional. For years, such criticism has been levelled against the Toronto District School Board — one of the largest in North America, the biggest in Canada and nearly twice the size of the next biggest Ontario board."

AB: Will Full-Day Kindergarten Escape the Axe as Government Ponders Spring Budget?
Source: CBC News, January 14, 2015

Excerpt: "The province of Alberta is shelving plans to begin full-day kindergarten in September because of plunging oil prices, and the resulting financial constraints."

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AB: Employee with Child Care Issues Didn't Abandon Job: Tribunal
Source: Canadian Employment Law Today, January 14, 2015

Excerpt: "An Alberta employer should have accommodated the childcare needs of an employee coming off of maternity leave, the Alberta Human Rights Tribunal has ruled."

NB: Saint John Dad Fights for Child Care for Autistic Son
Source: CBC News, January 13, 2015

Excerpt: "A Saint John man says he wants to work, but the provincial government won't help him get two hours of certified child care for his special needs son. Mike Brown is a single father, whose 14-year-old son is autistic. His son also wears a cochlear implant to help correct for deafness."

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BC: Victoria Parents Form Tent City to Get Kids Spot in Nature Kindergarten
Source: Global News, January 11, 2015

Excerpt: "A number of Victoria parents are spending the weekend outdoors so their children can spend half of their first year of school outdoors too. The grounds surrounding South Park Family School transformed into a tent city Friday, as people wait in line to get one of the 20 coveted spots in the school’s “nature kindergarten” program."

Canada is 17th in Children’s Health. We Can Do Much Better
Source: The Globe and Mail, January 7, 2015

Excerpt: "Children do better, families do better, and countries do better when nations invest in early childhood programs."

NS: Choosing the Right Child-Care Setting, Op-Ed
Source: Government of Nova Scotia, December 29, 2015

Excerpt: "It is important for parents to know their child is getting the best start in life in a safe and nurturing environment to support their development. Recently, changes were made to child-care regulations to better protect children by ensuring that anyone who is working or volunteering at regulated child-care centres has criminal record and child abuse register checks in place."

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US: Think Big with Investments in Early Childhood Education
Source: The Bellingham Herald, January 15, 2015

Excerpt: "The research couldn’t be clearer: The earlier children receive high-quality learning opportunities, the more likely they are to stay in school and achieve success. Early learning helps prevent poverty, crime, and a host of other social ills that cost taxpayers money. But even more important, early learning helps little kids grow up to lead meaningful, productive and satisfying lives."

US: Chart of Parental Leave around the World Shows Depressing Truth about the U.S.
Source: Huffington Post, January 14, 2015

Excerpt: "Working parents in the U.S. are faced with a difficult reality from the moment their babies are born: There's no mandated paid parental leave."

NZ: Male Preschool Teachers in Short Supply
Source: Stuff, January 13, 2015

Excerpt: "Marlborough's Tom Campbell, Michael Clark, Jonathon Morrow and Ed Parker are a scarce national resource. In a profession where men are increasingly rare at all levels, they are some of the 2 per cent of men teaching in New Zealand's preschools, according to the Ministry of Education."

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AE: Teachers Help Shape New Policy for Abu Dhabi Schools
Source: The National, January 13, 2015

Excerpt: "In the early childhood development workshops, educators proposed a series of improvements, said Azeera Al Jabri, a teacher at Al Soroor Kindergarten. “Like making curriculum suit the students’ level and suit their second language,” said Ms Al Jabri, noting the requirements are sometimes too demanding for the young learners. The pupil assessment system could also use some revision, she said."

Funding Preschooling has Longer-Lasting Benefits
Source: Copenhagen Consensus Center, January 12, 2015

Excerpt: "The longer term effects of funding early education are more profound and less obvious than the short-term ones. While the initial learning boost from attending preschool does not provide an advantage for long compared to that in primary school, it does give an unexpected payback later in life, with adults earning more. It seems that preschooling gives children a boost in social skills or emotional development, which is not easy to quantify."

ON: The Woman Pushing for Better Care for Ontario Children
Source: Toronto Star, December 28, 2014

Excerpt: "Ferns, 38, who holds a master’s degree in early childhood studies from Ryerson University, is armed and ready. She cut her teeth at the Toronto-based Childcare Resource and Research Unit, where she worked as a university placement student and then a full-time researcher with policy guru Martha Friendly for about a decade."

NS: Review of Regulated Child Care to Begin
Source: Government of Nova Scotia, January 8, 2015

Excerpt: "The review will help make child care more accessible to families, support operators in providing high quality programs that focus on child well-being and development, and support and develop the early childhood educators workforce."

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BC: Child Care Benefit Hike Eaten Up By Rising Daycare Costs
Source: CTV News, January 5, 2015

Excerpt: "B.C. parents hoping for a boost from the $60 increase in the federal Universal Child Care Benefit may find themselves squeezed anyway by rising daycare costs. The majority of the benefit increase may already be eaten up by increases in fees by some daycares, said family policy researcher Lynell Anderson."

MB: Steve Ashton Vows to Bring Fight to Feds Over Child Care Programming
Source: CBC News, January 5, 2015

Excerpt: "The number of kids in Manitoba on wait lists for child care programs has steadily risen in the last few years. In 2011, 8,171 kids were put on child care wait lists; in 2012, that number grew to 9,435. And a total of 11,476 children were registered on wait lists across the province in 2013."

AB: The Kids Really Aren’t Alright
Source: Lethbridge Herald, January 4, 2015

Excerpt: "Five years ago, the $16.4 million Early Child Development Mapping Project (ECMap) was commissioned. The goal was to measure the ‘readiness to learn’ of five-year-olds by collecting and analyzing information on socio-economic factors and availability of family resources in communities across the province."

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AB: Full-Day Kindergarten in Jeopardy
Source: Lethbridge Herald, January 4, 2015

Excerpt: "Full-day kindergarten, a program the provincial government has talked about introducing for over a decade, may be placed back on the shelf once again. In 2012, the PC government, under Alison Redford’s leadership, promised an estimated $200 million to roll out the program by fall 2013."

MB: Give Us More Spaces
Source: Winnipeg Free Press, January 2, 2015

Excerpt: "A poll conducted by Probe Research for the Winnipeg Free Press shows 52 per cent of Manitobans want the government to create more affordable, publicly funded spaces. Just over 30 per cent of people say cash ought to be given directly to parents instead."

Suffer the Little Children
Source: Winnipeg Free Press, December 31, 2014

Excerpt: "Looking back on the events of 2014, it becomes clear this has not been a great year to be a child. Not in Winnipeg. Not in Canada. Not globally. Despite the firmly held belief childhood is a wonderful time in a person's life, statistics reveal a much darker reality, and it's something to which we should be paying attention."

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The Ideological Roots of Harper's Opposition to Child Care
Source: Broadbent Institute, December 23, 2014

Excerpt: "Child care isn’t education, nor is it early education, but it isn’t far removed. Many American states, for instance, follow Friedman’s prescription for privatized education by providing vouchers for their pre-kindergarten programs. And a “benefit” —a payment made by an employer, the state or an insurance company— like Harper’s UCCB is merely a step away from a “voucher”—a written affidavit or authorization. All that’s missing is a piece of paper."

US: Day Care Moves Can Be Tough on Kids
Source: Epoch Times, January 4, 2015

Excerpt: "“Our findings showed that when young children moved between child care settings, these transitions negatively affected their social adjustment,” says Mary Bratsch-Hines, investigator with the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill."

IE: Childcare Workers Planning Mass Protest
Source: Irish Examiner, January 3, 2015

Excerpt: "The Government is facing revolt by the country’s 25,000 childcare workers over demands that they continually upskill while forced to exist on "poverty pay". A national rally is being staged on February 17 and the sector has warned there are growing demands from members for unprecedented strike action."

JP: To Rescue Economy, Japan Turns to Supermom
Source: The New York Times, January 1, 2015

Excerpt: "When she was pregnant with the first of her three sons, Chiaki Kitajima, an advertising executive here, said her bosses were shocked that rather than accept reduced hours and a demotion after maternity leave, she made a presentation on why the company should subsidize child care."

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US: In the Search for Affordable Childcare, Location is Everything
Source: National Journal, December 19, 2014

Excerpt: "The fact that childcare is expensive, sometimes prohibitively so, is nothing new. For years, families have been confronted with high-priced childcare that sometimes leads to one spouse stepping away from the workforce, reasoning that the cost would have matched, or exceeded their annual salary. But what might be surprising are the vast differences in exactly how burdensome childcare is from state-to-state."

US: A Big Safety Net and Strong Job Market Can Coexist. Just Ask Scandinavia.
Source: The New York Times, December 17, 2014

Excerpt: "Employment Rates Are Higher in Countries That Subsidize Child Care - Public spending on child care, preschool and elderly care correlates with higher proportions of adults working."

US: Going Forward Wisely: Professor Heckman's Remarks from the White House Summit on Early Education
Source: The Heckman Equation, December 10, 2014

Excerpt: "Twenty years ago, the developmental psychologists Hart and Risly showed that the achievement gap opens as early as age three. In a typical hour, a child living in a disadvantaged family hears roughly 600 words. By contrast, in that same hour a child in a professional family hears over 2,100 words. By age three, the cumulative vocabulary of a child living in a disadvantaged family is 500 words, far below the 1,100 word cumulative vocabulary possessed by a child from a professional family."

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Research Reports & Resources

School Board Revenues and Expenditures, 2012
Source: Statistics Canada, January 21, 2015

Description: "Data on school board revenues and expenditures for 2012. Reports are available in CANSIM tables."

Peel’s Kids Participate: Progress Report to the Community – Year One
Source: Peel Children and Youth Initiative, January 19, 2015

Description: "In 2013, the Peel Children and Youth Initiative released Peel’s Kids Participate: A Recreation and After School Strategy 2013-18 – a comprehensive, long-term strategy for Peel Region to help engage more children and families in healthy and safe recreation opportunities. We have just released an update to the community on the first year of this strategy’s progress. This update report is a true look at what has worked, and what hasn’t, while implementing this collective strategy in Peel. Plus, we highlight some innovative partnerships and initiatives that have grown out of this strategy. We hope that the strategy, and our progress, may serve as an example for other municipalities in Ontario looking to increase recreation participation through the integration and collaboration of the systems that serve children, youth and families."

Education Policy Outlook 2015: Making Reforms Happen
Source: OECD, January 19, 2015

Excerpt: "The Education Policy Outlook Country Profiles provide a unique assessment of OECD countries’ education policies by reviewing their current context, challenges and reforms. The profiles include links to relevant sources and a statistical annex capturing the main education indicators (including PISA data). Seventeen country policy profiles have been published over 2013-14."

Napping Helps Infants Form Memories, Study Shows
Source: Los Angeles Times, January 13, 2015

Excerpt: "Babies are champion learners: Born with just a few basic reflexes, they quickly teach themselves to navigate their world by observing, remembering and making sense of their surroundings, the language spoken around them and the nature of such elusive notions as time, space and permanence. Babies are also champion nappers, snoozing away the majority of each day in brief interludes of peaceful slumber. It turns out those two facts about babies are probably related. When it comes to learning, those naps are at least as purposeful as they are peaceful."

Learning Opportunities for Children up to Age 4 (videos)
Source: Department of Education of the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland, January 2015

Excerpt: "In their early years, children learn more than in any later stage of their lives. They are curious. They explore the world with all their senses. Everyday life is full of opportunities to discover new things. The 40 short films illustrate what happens on these explorative journeys."

Playbook for Becoming an Early Learning Community
Source: The White House, December 2014

Excerpt: "In his 2013 State of the Union Address, President Obama proposed a comprehensive early learning agenda and called on Congress to expand access to home visiting, high quality child care, and preschool for every child in America. In 2014, he repeated that request, and called together “a coalition of elected officials, business leaders, and philanthropists willing to help more kids access the high-quality pre-K they need.” Scientists and economists alike agree—investing in high-quality early learning is the best human capital investment we can make as a nation."

PCYI Research Shop
Source: Peel Children and Youth Initiative, January 13, 2015

Description: "The new Peel Children and Youth Initiative Research Shop is a free one-stop-shop to help you find quality, relevant research and documents quickly and easily online. This catalogue of research, journal articles, evaluations and strategic plans has interactive and customizable search criteria, such as key word and age range (0-24). Use the PCYI Research Shop to find documents relevant to your grant report, literature review, planning or other work on any topic related to young people. Only quality research is included, and it is prioritized by geography: Peel (local), Ontario (provincial), Canada (national), International. The Shop will be updated regularly and your submissions are also welcome and encouraged! While our focus is for Peel region, those working to serve children and youth in other municipalities may also find the tool useful as most documents included are provincial or national in scope."

Autonomous Tots Have Higher Cognitive Skills
Source: American Association for the Advancement of Science, January 13, 2015

Excerpt: "Higher cognitive skills are found in the children of mothers who are consistently able to support the development of their baby's sense of autonomy, according to a study led by researchers at the University of Montreal."

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Investing in Early Childhood Development: Review of the World Bank’s Recent Experience
Source: The World Bank, January 2015

Excerpt: "The evidence on the returns to investments in ECD is clear. The demand for investments in ECD is rising within our client countries and, as a result, within the World Bank portfolio. Investing in ECD has high potential to help achieve the Bank’s twin goals of eliminating poverty and increasing shared prosperity. Recently, the Bank has developed a series of new tools and mechanisms to support ECD through analytical work, project preparation, new partnerships, and innovative approaches."

Quality Counts 2015: Report and Rankings
Source: Education Week, January 8, 2015

Excerpt: "The push for earlier and more academically rigorous preschool for 3- to 5-year-olds comes during something of an Enlightenment explosion in the research. Fields such as psychology and neuroscience are showing that young children can understand and benefit from deep learning at the beginning of their lives."

US: Preschool Kids Can Have Fun Building the Crucial Life Skill of Self-Regulation, Research Shows
Source: The Oregonian, January 6, 2015

Excerpt: "The best predictor of kids' academic success might not be how many letters they recognize by age 3 or how high they can count by age 4, but how willing they are to persist at challenging tasks and how well they plan ahead, pay attention, remember and follow instructions, and control their impulses and emotions."

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Baby Brains - The First Year
Source: National Geographic, January 2015

Excerpt: "The researchers found that children who received more attention and nurturing at home tended to have higher IQs. Children who were more cognitively stimulated performed better on language tasks, and those nurtured more warmly did better on memory tasks."

Kids & Family Reading Report
Source: Scholastic, January 2015

Excerpt: "Six in 10 parents with children ages 0–5 (60%) have received advice that children should be read aloud to from birth; however, just under half of parents in the lowest-income households (47%) received this advice vs. 74% in the highest-income households."

Issues Paper 4 – Roles and Responsibilities in Education
Source: Australian Government, December 23, 2014

Description: "The Education Issues Paper is in two parts. Part A discusses child care and early childhood learning, and schools; and Part B discusses vocational education and training and higher education. Both parts outline the evolution of Commonwealth and State and Territory involvement in education arrangements in Australia. They also examine pressures on the current arrangements and pose questions with the intent to promote public discussion."

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Worthy Work, STILL Unlivable Wages: The Early Childhood Workforce 25 Years after the National Child Care Staffing Study
Source: Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, December 2014

Excerpt: "This report calls attention to three persistent features of early childhood jobs that require a new policy approach, namely pervasive economic insecurity, the low value accorded educational attainment, and an irrational wage structure."

Canadian Network for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health 2013-2014 Annual Report
Source: Canadian Network for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, December 30, 2014

Excerpt: "The Canadian Network for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health has become a united band of leaders, working toward a world where every woman, newborn and child can survive and thrive. We are not doing this alone. Colleagues in countries around the world support our movement. But we are tackling this challenge in a way that is truly Canadian – through collaboration, compassion and teamwork."

The Wealth Gap
Source: Broadbent Institute, December 2014

Excerpt: "On social policy, a publicly funded national child care program to address inequality has the support of seven out of 10 Canadians (69%), as does increasing funding for social assistance to low-income Canadians (68%). Support for child care is higher among women (73%) than among men (65%) and highest among the 18- to 29-year-old cohort (81%)."

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Top Ten Reports on Children and Youth in 2014
Source: Child Trends, January 8, 2015

Excerpt: "Thank you for being a reader of the Child Trends E-News! As we start this new year, we wanted to share with you the ten most popular research reports on children and youth from Child Trends' website in 2014."

The Childcare Support Gap
Source: Family and Childcare Trust, December 2014

Excerpt: "Our interview findings are supported in a recent Save the Children poll of 4,000 parents which showed that 30 per cent of families cut back on holidays and 9 per cent had cut back on food because of high childcare costs. In families on modest incomes earning £17,000 to £29,999 per year, high childcare costs had caused 16 per cent of families to cut back on food."

Assessing the Impact of the First Nations and Inuit Child Care Initiative across Inuit Nunangat
Source: Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, August 2014

Excerpt: "Quality, Inuit early child care programs are vital to the well-being of communities. This report looks at the impacts of First Nations and Inuit Child Care Initiative (FNICCI) funding on early childhood development programs and regional economies across Inuit Nunangat."

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