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ON: Urgent Action Needed as Women in Ontario's Regions Face Large Gender Pay Gaps
Source: Equal Pay Coalition, April 20, 2015

Excerpt: ""We need to see the Ontario Government treat this issue with the high priority it deserves. This means measures such as enforcing and expanding pay equity laws; bringing in employment equity obligations, easier access to collective bargaining, fairer labour laws for vulnerable workers, affordable child care and raising the minimum wage to $15 per hour. All of these measures together will help to bring women out of lower paying, often poverty level jobs," says Nancy Hutchison, OFL Secretary Treasurer."

ON: Toronto Should Pay Every City Worker a Living Wage
Source: Toronto Star, April 16, 2015

Excerpt: "While the city offers subsidized quality child care to lower-income families, the wait list is in the tens of thousands. In the absence of enough affordable public child care in Toronto, the next cheapest option is home-based child care, which is often unregulated and not always parents’ first choice. It still costs our composite family, consisting of a three-year-old and a seven-year-old, $16,999.45 a year."

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ON: Onsite Posting of Inspection Notices for Food Premises and Recreational Water Facilities
Source: City of Toronto, April 13, 2015

Description: "Toronto Public Health is recommending that licensed child care centres, along with hospitals and other institutions, post the results of their food inspections (DineSafe) on their premises."

Conservatives Offer Peculiar Non-Answer on Question of Aboriginal Education (Video)
Source: Global News, April 22, 2015

Description: "Aboriginal Affairs Minister Bernard Valcourt offered a bizzare non-answer Wednesday in the House of Commons when asked by NDP MP Niki Ashton about the Prime Minister’s pledge to spend 1.9 billion dollars bridging the education gap among children in First Nations communities."

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Budget 2015: Strong Leadership - A Balanced Budget, Low Tax Plan For Jobs, Growth And Security
Source: Government of Canada, April 21, 2015

Excerpt: "A typical two-earner family of four will receive tax relief and increased benefits of up to $6,600 in 2015, as a result of the Family Tax Cut, the Universal Child Care Benefit, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) rate reduction, the introduction of new credits, such as the Children’s Fitness Tax Credit, and broad-based income tax relief including the reduction in the lowest personal income tax rate (Chart 1.3)."

The Case for National Child Care
Source: University of Guelph-Humber, April 2015

Excerpt: "UofGH: The timing of the ChildCare 2020 conference last fall coincided with Stephen Harper’s announcement of his government’s plan for income splitting tax breaks and for expanding the universal child care benefit. How was that news received by those in attendance? CF: There was certainly a lot of discussion about this. Though this was a non-partisan conference, the issue with the Conservatives’ policy has always been that it’s not actually a child care policy. The universal child care benefit is a direct payment for families, with no stipulations around it being spent on child care. It doesn’t do anything to address issues in child care."

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NL: Time to Fix the Childcare Problem
Source: The Independent, April 20, 2015

Excerpt: "In Canada there’s approximately one million children under the age of five who have working parents, yet there are only 500,000 regulated child care spaces. Further, there are only enough regulated spaces for approximately 19 per cent of children aged 0-12. Where do the rest of the children go?"

NS: Review of Regulated Child Care Survey
Source: Nova Scotia Child Care Association, April 20, 2015

Description: "The Department of Education and Early Childhood Development Review of Regulated Child Care Survey is now available for you to complete on their website. The survey will take 10-15 minutes to complete and will be available on the government's website until May 8, 2015. Now is your time to share your thoughts, suggestions, and perspective!"

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QC: Liberal Government Forces Approval of New Daycare Fees, Pharmacist Powers
Source: CTV News, April 21, 2015

Excerpt: "The bill introduces a sliding-scale daycare fee based on income. Parents will end up being charged a supplemental fee for daycare when they file their 2015 income taxes. At the top end, a family earning $150,000 per year will pay $20/day to have a child in a CPE, while parents who earn less than $50,000 will pay only the current rate of $7.30/day."

Federal Party Leaders: Join an Election Debate that Speaks to Women
Source: Change.org, April 2015

Excerpt: "I can’t find affordable daycare for my family, so someone has to stay at home to look after the kids. What if we both want to go back to work? What if we could work together to make sure these questions - and more - are put directly to our political leaders? These issues impact families and communities. They matter to Canadians from across the country. And they are issues that politicians are not talking about!"

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MB: When the System Fails Us
Source: CBC News, April 18, 2015

Excerpt: "Rather than follow Ted Hughes' recommendations as per the Phoenix Sinclair inquiry to regulate child safety through a new College for Social Workers as intended, the minister rejects the licensing of all childcare workers in favour of a review of every employee's job description."

We’re Paying for $7/Day Child Care, So Why is Only One Province Getting It?
Source: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, April 15, 2015

Excerpt: "Many Canadians don’t know that Quebec has the least expensive childcare in the country at $7/day (well actually $7.30 now). Meanwhile in Toronto parents pay $49/day, and in Vancouver it’s $41 a day for toddlers/preschoolers. It’s no surprise that $7/day childcare is wildly popular in Quebec. It’s far cheaper than the national average, and allows for more parents, and far more women to enter (or re-enter) the workforce. It also creates more spaces in regulated centres."

AU: Childcare Benefits Our Whole Society
Source: The Age, April 22, 2015

Excerpt: "And studies suggest there are enormous benefits from early care, not only for parents but for children. Because most of our brain development occurs in the first four years of life, children who go to childcare can get a head start that yields dividends for life. This is particularly true for low income children who not only get the benefits of early education, but may also escape an unstable home environment."

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UK: Election 2015: Tories Pledge New Childcare Places
Source: BBC News, April 22, 2015

Excerpt: "Currently, all three and four-year olds in England are entitled to 570 hours of free early education or childcare a year, which works out as 15 hours each week for 38 weeks of the year. The Conservatives said the 30-hour offer from 2017, announced a week ago, would result in more than 600,000 extra 15-hour free childcare places every year."

UK: Early Childhood Policies - Recycling The Past
Source: Nursery World, April 20, 2015

Excerpt: "The very idea of early childhood intervention presupposes a quick fix - a dose of quality education will somehow cure social inequality and the misery that follows from it. But the dose of intervention currently being prescribed reinforces inequality. It can't succeed even with its miserably limited aim."

IE: Childcare Costs Force Thousands of Mums Out of Work
Source: Independent.ie, April 16, 2015

Excerpt: "And the loss of so many experienced workers costs businesses more than €68m per year as they try to replace lost skills, new research has shown. Software company Citrix and parenting site Eumom revealed how childcare costs and inflexible office culture force many mothers to give up work."

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US: How Preschool Can Make You Smarter and Healthier
Source: PBS, April 9, 2015

Excerpt: "Campbell kept tracking the children through school. At age eight, the kids in the preschool group were less likely to have failed a grade in school than the control group. At ages 12 and 15, they had better reading, math, and writing scores. By 21, they were more likely to attend college and less likely to be teenage parents, marijuana users, or cigarette smokers."

ON: Child Care Fees More Stable under New City Program
Source: Ottawa Sun, April 9, 2015

Excerpt: "Families who sign their children up for a licensed child care spot will begin to see the effects of the fee stabilization in 2016. Parents eligible for a subsidy will eventually be able to choose their preferred not-for-profit child care program through a "floating subsidy," instead of trying to find an open, funded space."

ON: Local Poverty Reduction Fund to Support Community-Driven Solutions
Source: Government of Ontario, April 7, 2015

Excerpt: "Reducing poverty means investing in the right supports that improve outcomes for people. Ontario's work to fight poverty has made a difference in the lives of children and families, including preventing thousands from falling into poverty during the recession. Despite these successes, we know there is more work to do."

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ON: Premier Wynne Appoints Special Advisor on Community Hubs
Source: Government of Ontario, March 20, 2015

Excerpt: "A community hub can be a school, a neighbourhood centre or another public space that offers coordinated services such as education, health care and social services. The advisory group will review provincial policies and develop a framework for adapting existing public assets to become community hubs."

AB: NDP Announces Health Care Plan as Liberals Tout Child Care Policies
Source: Edmonton Journal, April 13, 2015

Excerpt: "Swann said the party would also invest in full-day kindergarten and a universal child care program that would provide daycare for every child at a cost of $20. To start, Swann pledged a $25 million investment in the child care system, with a view to increasing the number of licensed, affordable daycare spaces."

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BC: Groups Calling for $10/Day Child Care
Source: Comox Valley Record, April 13, 2015

Excerpt: "Two groups of advocates for children in B.C. have developed a plan to help ease the financial burden of child care costs. The Coalition of Child Care Advocates of BC and the Early Childhood Educators of BC are asking government to reduce fees to $10 a day in licensed infant and toddler programs, and to offer free day care for families earning less than $40,000. The groups say it would be a better investment than the 2015 tax benefit for families, which will cost about $146 million."

The Child Care Conundrum Part 1: Will A Universal System Pay Off?
Source: Ottawa Citizen, April 10, 2015

Excerpt: "Various analyses by academics, left-leaning think-tanks and more conservative groups such as TD Canada Trust estimate that for every $1 governments invest in child care, they recoup between $1.50 and $3 – a combination of tax revenue, reduced social assistance spending and GDP growth."

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Tom Mulcair on the Details of the NDP's Child Care Policy
Source; Ottawa Citizen, April 10, 2015

Excerpt: "When we talk about quality child care, we are talking about early childhood education that will give kids a leg up. It will give them a boost in their life, it will prepare them for school, prepare them better for kindergarten, and make them better able to get along in society."

NS: Nova Scotia Spends Less on Generation Squeeze than Any Other Province
Source: Troy Media, April 10, 2015

Excerpt: "Medical care is at the heart of this age gap. Around 53 per cent of Nova Scotia’s $4.1 billion healthcare budget will go to services and procedures for the 19 per cent of the population age 65+. This means medical care for seniors adds up to nearly double the entire budget for early child development and grade school, and is three times larger than all provincial spending on postsecondary and labour."

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Ed Broadbent Says Canada Became More Unequal Under Stephen Harper
Source: Huffington Post, April 9, 2015

Excerpt: ""It's been a matter of not introducing certain things that ought to have been introduced. Like universal childcare," he added. In Quebec, research shows universal child care had the effect of reducing costs for working families and encouraging more mothers to work, helping to raise household incomes, he added."

QC: A Childcare Win-Win
Source: Policy Network, April 9, 2015

Excerpt: "Quebec’s low-fee childcare programme created more jobs, more than paid for itself and raised the province’s GDP."

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MB: National Plan Needed To Fix Daycare Plight
Source: Brandon Sun, April 8, 2015

Excerpt: "If the subject of finding suitable daycare spots for parents of young children has not already become an election issue in this country, it certainly should. Earlier this week, we had a peek at the lives of some 50 parents who waited outside the Brandon YMCA in the early morning hours of Easter Monday while trying to find in-school daycare spots. Some, like Alecia McLeod, got in line at 3:30 a.m. just to get a waiting-list spot in the YMCA-run before-and-after-school daycare program at École Harrison School, for her six-year-old daughter."

It Turns Out ‘Family Values’ Are Bad for Families
Source: The Globe and Mail, April 6, 2015

Excerpt: "Do you want to live in the kind of country where families are big, the population is young, kids are valued and couples have all the children they want? Or do you want to live in the kind of country where most women are pursuing full-time careers, where daycare centres and Planned Parenthood offices pepper the streets, where marriage isn’t considered important and where society is obsessed with birth control?"

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SK: Education Minister Says Pre-Kindergarten a Priority in Saskatchewan
Source: CBC News, April 2, 2015

Excerpt: "Education Minister Don Morgan says he is committed to expanding the pre-kindergarten program in schools throughout the province. "The investment you make in early years is one of the best investments you can make in education, and one of the best investments you can make in families," Morgan said."

YK: Budget 2015-16
Source: Government of Yukon, April 2, 2015

Excerpt: "School will never be a replacement for a healthy home, but if the fundamental promise of our education system is to develop the “whole child”, then we cannot ignore students non-academic needs in school. To that end, we will be focusing specifically on assessing what resources our schools and our educators require to ensure that those needs can be met."

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NB: New Brunswick's Child Day Care Facility Inspection Reports Now Available Online
Source: Government of New Brunswick, April 2, 2015

Excerpt: "As of April 2, 2015, all approved Child Day Care Facilities Inspection Reports will be available online."

What Happened When Canada Stopped Counting its Numbers
Source: Aljazeera America, April 2, 2015

Excerpt: "Toronto, like many municipalities across the country, provides subsidized child care for low-income families. A memo prepared by the city provided to Al Jazeera America depicts how these subsidies are allocated. If a ward has 5 percent of the city’s low-income families, 5 percent of the subsidies are allocated to that ward."

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US: How Education Policy Went Astray
Source: The Atlantic, April 10, 2015

Excerpt: "Education reform will only work if the White House and Congress find the will to take up the problem of economic inequality. Without programs to diminish this problem—such as a higher federal minimum wage, legislation to prevent employers from interfering in union elections that can boost membership, and more federal funding for early childhood education—schools serving lower-income children will continue to be housed in struggling communities that don’t provide kids with the social or economic resources that they need to succeed."

How Pregnancy and Birth Overseas is So Different than in the U.S.
Source: The Washington Post, April 7, 2015

Excerpt: "Here’s the trade-off: at 9 a.m. the following morning, my doorbell rang. It was our kraamzorg (probably best described as a “postnatal nurse.”) This is the woman who would come to our home every day for the next week from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. to teach us how to use a baby. She’d show us how to feed my daughter, dress her, change her, bathe her and put her to sleep. She’s the one we’d turn to when we needed to ask, “Is this normal?” When our confidence dipped and we started to realize we had no clue what we were doing, she was the person who’d assure us, “you’re a natural at this!”"

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EG: Good Nutrition Makes Healthy Children and Productive Adults
Source: Daily News Egypt, March 15, 2015

Excerpt: "The first 1,000 days of a child’s life – from conception to age two – are vital for proper development. Poorly nourished infants don’t grow as tall as their peers, and measuring the proportion of stunting (being smaller than the expected height for age) is a simple way of checking for malnourishment. In Egypt, about 31% of children under-5 years are stunted. These children don’t just fail to thrive physically; they also fall behind better-fed ones in developing cognitive skills. This lack of development has real long-term consequences. Stunted children do less well at school and lead poorer adult lives."

ON: Education Funding Still Won't Fully Support Issues Like Special Education, Full-Day Kindergarten
Source; CNW News Release, March 26, 2015

Excerpt: "While the Ministry of Education has offered stabilized funding in the face of declining enrollment for 2015-2016, the Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO) is concerned that longstanding structural funding issues are continuing to have a negative effect, in particular on students with special needs and the implementation of full-day Kindergarten."

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SK: University of Saskatchewan Begins Construction of New Child Care Centre
Source: CBC News, March 31, 2015

Excerpt: "The new expansion will have room for 90 children, bringing the number of licensed child care spaces at the U of S to 200. The province is investing $1.3 million dollars in the $4.6 million dollar expansion."

NB: Facing our Challenges Together - Budget 2015-2016
Source: Government of New Brunswick, March 31, 2015

Excerpt: "Increasing the budget for the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development by 3.1 per cent so that strategic investments can be made that will be guided by new, comprehensive plans for both education and literacy."

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AB: Day Care Dollars Aren’t Being Spent Properly
Source: CTV News, March 31, 2015

Excerpt: "Millions of dollars collected every year to help improve day care accessibility aren’t going to where they would help the issue, CTV Calgary has learned. Every year, the Government of Alberta collects $26M for daycare and, until 2011, that money was going into a fund specifically focused towards creating more day care spaces. However, that program has since been cancelled and now that money has been going into general revenue ever since."

SK: Saskatoon Daycare Offers Family Spot after 3 Year Wait
Source: CBC News, March 30, 2015

Excerpt: "According to parents and child care providers, it's very difficult to get a licensed child care space in Saskatchewan. It's no surprise. The province is currently ranked last in the country when it comes to the percentage of licensed child care spaces available to children."

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NB: Committee Seeks School with Child-Care Facility in Burton
Source: The Daily Gleaner, March 30, 2015

Excerpt: "A parent committee in Burton is advocating for the district education council to consider a proposal that would see a new elementary school with an early child-care centre constructed in the community. Kristen McMullen, the chairwoman of the parent-school support committee at Burton Elementary School, presented the proposal to transform the community’s K-2 school to the Anglophone West School District education council at the council’s February meeting, held in Woodstock."

BC: $1 Million for Early Childhood Educator Training
Source: Government of British Columbia, March 27, 2015

Excerpt: "Government will provide $1 million to continue a bursary fund for students enrolled in early childhood education programs, Children and Family Development Minister Stephanie Cadieux announced today at the BC Early Years Forum in Richmond. The Early Childhood Educators of BC established the ECE Student Bursary program in April 2014 with support from a provincial investment of $513,000."

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NT: Free Ipads for New Parents in NWT
Source: The Star Phoenix, March 27, 2015

Excerpt: "New parents in the Northwest Territories soon will get free iPads from the government in a "made in the north" experiment critics fear is a big waste of taxpayers' money. Starting Monday, parents of children born between April 1, 2014 and March 31 this year can apply for one of 100 "techno baby bags of the future," loaded with educational apps and resources as part of a pilot project being pegged the first of its kind."

BC: British Columbians Hold Strong Views on Child Care Options
Source: The Vancouver Sun, March 26, 2015

Excerpt: "Child care, however, has traditionally been regarded as a temporary burden. The lack of action from politicians has been disheartening, but voters later move on to other stages in their lives. It is also an issue where nostalgia clashes with the realities of bringing up a child at a time when two full-time working parents are the norm, especially in urban areas. Young parents have heard it all from members of older generations."

AB: Budget 2015
Source: Government of Alberta, March 26, 2015

Excerpt: "There is $297 million budgeted in 2015-16 for child care programs, a $10 million or 3.5% increase from 2014-15. This budget maintains full child care subsidies for families with a household income of less than $50,000, as introduced in Budget 2012."

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QC: Budget 2015-2016
Source: Government of Quebec, March 26, 2015

Excerpt: "This tax shield, inspired by the Godbout report, will partly offset the decrease in the work premium and the tax credit for childcare expenses following an increase in work income. Our objective is to reward workers and enable them to get more out of their work. Together, building our economy the tax shield amount will vary according to the family situation and income level of households. The tax shield represents annual tax relief totalling $52 million as of 2016-2017. This relief will benefit nearly 400 000 workers."

Let ‘Em Be Kids
Source: National Post, March 23, 2015

Excerpt: "How much of a head start do my kids need in life? That question has been on my mind a lot lately, and, by weird quirk of fate, you’ll see elements of this debate covered on this site today. One click and you’ll see George Will writing about how American children are increasingly being born to parents of very similar demographic, financial and educational profiles, meaning that advantages (or disadvantages) are becoming more entrenched with each generation. Another click and you’ll find an article by two Canadian millenials, discussing some of the challenges faced by that generation as they leave school and seek that first meaningful foothold in the working world."

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US: Full-Day Kindergarten Helps Children Thrive
Source: Eye on Early Education, March 31, 2015

Excerpt: "Full-day kindergarten is important, “because research indicates that kindergarteners benefit significantly from a full-day in the classroom. In fact, studies suggest that full-day kindergarten improves academic achievement and can lessen the achievement gap.”"

IE: Childcare Tax Relief Will Not Improve Care Quality, Says Lobby
Source: The Irish Times, March 31, 2015

Excerpt: "Parents should not be given tax relief for childcare on the basis that this would do little to improve quality or assist less well-off families, a high-level Government group will be told on Tuesday."

US: Restore Funding to Early Education and Out-of-School Care
Source: The Herald News, March 28, 2015

Excerpt: "Preparing our children for a lifetime of learning requires accessibility to high-quality early education and care programs as well as a consistent, qualified workforce. Great educators are the key to improving outcomes for children. We know that, and it starts at birth, not in kindergarten."

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US: Pre-K for All
Source: U.S. News & World Report, March 26, 2015

Excerpt: "Most publicly funded preschool programs in the U.S. focus on low-income children, so the research base is strongest on pre-K’s impacts for low-income kids. But research on universal pre-K in Tulsa, Oklahoma, as well as international studies, shows that kids of all income levels can benefit from pre-K – although poor kids do benefit more."

AU: Preschool for All 3 Year Olds? (Audio)
Source: ABC RN, March 25, 2015

Excerpt: "Should Australia introduce universal, government funded, part-time preschool places for all Australian children from their third birthday? Professor Edward Melhuish of Wollongong University argues yes."

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Research Reports & Resources

The Working Poor in the Toronto Region
Source: Metcalf Foundation, April 2015

Excerpt: "The bad news is that working poverty continued to grow despite two accompanying factors that ought to have created conditions for no growth, or even a reduction, in the incidence of working poverty. The first factor is the social policy interventions that occurred. Minimum wage increased 37.6% between 2006 and 2010, and three new income supplements were introduced in 2006 and 2007: the Working Income Tax Benefit, the Ontario Child Benefit, and the Universal Child Care Benefit. These income supports combined with increases in the minimum wage put a bit more money in the pockets of the working poor."

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ADHD Kids Must Fidget to Learn; Sitting Still Hurts Concentration and Performance
Source: Medical Daily, April 20, 2015

Excerpt: "Dr. Mark Rapport, study co-author and head of the Children's Learning Clinic at the University of Central Florida, says these toys already do a sufficient job. “Many children manage without medication if they are allowed to use non-disruptive mechanisms that facilitate movement,” he told Medical Daily. Unfortunately, acknowledging the needs of kids with ADHD isn’t the standard. Some 11 percent of children between 4 and 17 years old have been diagnosed with ADHD as of 2011, and prevalence is rising year over year."

Poor Toddler Sleep May Cause Anxiety, Depression: Study
Source: Today’s Parent, April 15, 2015

Excerpt: "At 18 months, almost 60 percent of toddlers slept up to 14 hours per night. Two percent of 18-month-olds slept less than 10 hours a night, and three percent woke up three or more times a night. The mothers of these kids who slept less than 10 hours a night and woke up frequently reported higher incidences of emotional and behavioural problems at age five, such as signs of anxiety and depression."

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Counting on Quality: Measuring and Improving Quality in Early Childhood Environments
Source: Bernard van Leer Foundation, April 2015

Excerpt: "This is a report on the International Consultation convened in Leiden, the Netherlands, in September 2014. To protect children’s rights and promote their development, quality in early childhood settings is essential. Across the global early childhood community, there is consensus that quality is both immensely important and unfortunately, not adequately ensured."

Making Ends Meet - Toronto’s 2015 Living Wage
Source: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, April 2015

Excerpt: "It has been six years since Toronto’s living wage estimate was calculated at $16.60 in 2008. Since then, the cost of living has gone up: the cost of child care has risen by 30 per cent; rent has increased by 13 per cent; the cost of public transit has grown by 36 per cent."

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Children’s Services, Service Plan - 2015-2019
Source: City of Toronto, April 14, 2014

Excerpt: "The Service Plan is an important tool that guides the planning and management of services for children and families in Toronto. With input from many key stakeholders, this Service Plan tells the story of the child and family system in Toronto – how it has changed, where it is now, and where we plan to take it – and lays out concrete actions that advance the well-being of children and families."

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A Decade of Disconnection: Child Care Policies in Changing Economic Times in the Canadian Context
Source: International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies, April 2015

Excerpt: "It seems easier to find doggy daycare than it is to find adequate care for young children in this country. We have come to accept that dogs need “social” interaction with other animals when we are at work, but somehow do not appear to believe the same to be true for young children. We seem to know what is needed to raise healthy pets, but what about healthy children? Our national – limited and misnamed – “Universal Child Care Benefit” assumes that a stay-at-home parent/mother is the best provider of care, given that the funds allotted to eligible families cannot cover the cost of any type of non-parental care (more on this below). While having a stay-at-home parent/mother caring for children may be the best situation for some children, it is not feasible for most Canadian families today."

Be a Physical Activity Role Model
Source: McMaster University, Preschooler Focus, April 2015

Excerpt: "Children’s physical activity and healthy living behaviours can be influenced during the early years. It is important for parents and caregivers to encourage these behaviours from a young age. Parents are the most important role models to young children and modeling healthy living habits has the potential to influence your child’s lifestyle."

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Professional Pay for Professional Work (Video)
Source: AECEO, April 9, 2015

Excerpt: "Our second video supporting the Professional Pay for Professional Work campaign is now available. Thank you to the RECEs who have added their voices and experiences to this campaign. After watching the video make sure to share it with your networks and sign the petition in support of professional pay for early childhood educators."

Education for All 2000-2015: Achievements and Challenges
Source: UNESCO, April 9, 2015

Description: "The 2015 Global Monitoring Report – Education for All 2000-2015: Achievements and Challenges – provides a complete assessment of progress since 2000 towards the target date for reaching the Dakar Framework’s goals. It takes stock of whether the world achieved the EFA goals and stakeholders upheld their commitments. It explains possible determinants of the pace of progress. Finally, it identifies key lessons for shaping the post-2015 global education agenda."

Population Aging, Generational Equity & The Middle Class
Source: Generation Squeeze, 2015

Excerpt: "I estimate that Canadian governments currently combine to spend between $33,321 and $40,152 per citizen age 65+, mostly on medical care, the Canada/Quebec Public Pension plans, Old Age Security and other retirement income subsidies. By contrast, I estimate that annual spending per person under age 45 for grade school, postsecondary, medical care, childcare, parental leave, family tax breaks, Employment Insurance, Workers Compensation, tax breaks for housing, etc. all add up to less than $12,000."

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The Best Kindergarten You’ve Ever Seen (Video)
Source: Ted, September 2014

Description: "At this school in Tokyo, five-year-olds cause traffic jams and windows are for Santa to climb into. Meet: the world's cutest kindergarten, designed by architect Takaharu Tezuka. In this charming talk, he walks us through a design process that really lets kids be kids."

How Much Does the Federal Government Spend on Child Care and Who Benefits?
Source: Office of The Parliamentary Budget Officer, March 31, 2015

Excerpt: "Conversely, eligible families with lower usage of child care and lower child care expenses (that is, families with older children and families with no child care expenses) will see their share increase from 34 percent in 2013-2014 to 51 per cent in 2015-2016. This share, valued at roughly $3.9 billion in 2015-2016, will exceed these families’ aggregate household child care expenses nearly eight times over."

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Interim Report of The Commission for Childcare Reform: An Overview of our Proposals for Change and Draft Recommendations
Source: The Commission for Childcare Reform, March 27, 2015

Excerpt: "We believe that the primary responsibility for children’s care and development lies with parents. However, parents are not with their children at all times. This report is about the arrangements made when parents entrust their children to others outside their own family or informal networks. Our Commission is exclusively concerned with the paid for and registered childcare provision which many families need to access to meet the needs of their children, themselves and the wider economy. Whatever the reason for the child being away from the parents, the needs and interests of the child must remain central."

Study: Talkative Fathers Matter for Young Children
Source: Education Week, March 23, 2015

Excerpt: "How much fathers talk to young children has a direct positive effect on their kindergarten performance, according to a study by researchers in the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The study, published in the Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology in January, concluded that more-talkative dads are a benefit to their kids. That likely does not come as a surprise to anyone who has a kid."

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