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ON: Living Paycheque to Paycheque a Reality for Thousands in Toronto
Source: Toronto Star, May 19, 2015

Excerpt: "That places him among the 1.5 million Torontonians making less than $21 an hour and in a smaller group earning under $18.52 — the figure recently reported as the necessary hourly wage to meet the needs of two parents working full-time while raising two children. These low earners are part of a growing class plagued by skyrocketing housing prices, astronomical child-care rates and a broadening sense of poverty that puts a strain on shelters, food banks and welfare organizations."

Preschoolers' Playtime Needs to be More Active (Video)
Source: CBC News, May 18, 2015

Excerpt: "The latest Canadian numbers show that while 84% of 3 and 4 year olds get enough light physical activity, only 11% get 60 minutes of moderate to energetic play."

PE: Daycare Pain
Source: The Guardian, May 17, 2015

Excerpt: "Sandra Finnamore wants her toddler son, Colton, to have the best possible care while she and her husband are at work, but this comes with a hefty pricetag. She spends $32 a day for Colton to attend a private daycare in Stratford. In P.E.I., private daycares have higher rates than the provincially funded Early Years Centres."

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MB: Federal Government Must Buy In
Source: Winnipeg Free Press, May 15, 2015

Excerpt: "The current lack of child care is a crisis and a lost opportunity for our children, especially those most vulnerable to poverty and social exclusion. But the inability to find a child-care space or affordable child care makes it virtually impossible for already disadvantaged parents to find a job, much less establish long-term careers. When a parent is out of the labour force, it affects that family's current income and future earnings. Work experience, seniority and pensions are not accumulated. This exacerbates poverty and increases household debt."

Most Families Count on Child Care
Source: Winnipeg Free Press, May 15, 2015

Excerpt: "The reality in Canada is more than two in three moms of young children work outside the home. For some moms, it's because they can't afford not to work. For some moms it's a lifestyle choice, because they enjoy their job and feel they are a better parent if they work. For some moms it's both. And for some moms, they can't work because they can't afford child care."

SK: High School Students Can Now Receive High School and Early Childhood Educator Dual Credit
Source: Government of Saskatchewan, May 14, 2015

Excerpt: "The Government of Saskatchewan has expanded its dual credit partnership with Saskatchewan Polytechnic to offer high school students three more courses that will be recognized as a credit toward both high school graduation and an Early Childhood Education certificate or diploma. The courses will be available province-wide to all Grade 11 and 12 students, including students in First Nations schools."

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BC: Early Childhood Care Educators Want Best for Families
Source: Alberni Valley Times, May 14, 2015

Excerpt: "Early childhood care workers are optimistic with the support that has been shown towards the $10/day Child Care Plan. Those in the field believe the initiative for more affordable child care would benefit not only families, but the quality of care their children receive."

NS: A Movement to Let Kids Take Risks
Source: The Chronicle Herald, May 12, 2015

Excerpt: "Being responsible and caring parents is highly desirable, but growing numbers of today’s parents and families are carrying it to extremes. Sheltering and “bubble-wrapping” kids is now not only deeply embedded in parent and family culture, but reinforced by what Toronto policy analyst Marni Soupcoff has aptly dubbed “the parental state.”"

Long-Term, Comparative Data on Costs of Raising Kids Lacking
Source: Globe and Mail, May 12, 2015

Excerpt: "Canada has no national childcare program, and approaches to childcare support vary by province. Manitoba had the second-lowest average monthly rates for full-day daycare in 2012, at $631 per month for infants and $431 per month for toddlers. Ontario’s costs were highest, at more than $1,000 for infants and $925 for toddlers. Quebec, which invested $2.2-billion a year in its childcare strategy, employed a flat-rate system where daycare spots could go for just $7 per day provincewide. The province has since introduced a sliding scale."

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The Dad Dividend
Source: The Economist, May 16, 2015

Excerpt: "Most fathers who are not entitled to paternity leave look with envy upon the dads in other countries who get to spend months at home with their child. Others may breathe guilty sighs of relief as they escape each morning to their peaceful offices. But never mind the dads: the intended beneficiaries of paternity leave are the children. What do they get out of it?"

US: Let the Kids Learn Through Play
Source: The New York Times, May 16, 2015

Excerpt: "Twenty years ago, kids in preschool, kindergarten and even first and second grade spent much of their time playing: building with blocks, drawing or creating imaginary worlds, in their own heads or with classmates. But increasingly, these activities are being abandoned for the teacher-led, didactic instruction typically used in higher grades. In many schools, formal education now starts at age 4 or 5. Without this early start, the thinking goes, kids risk falling behind in crucial subjects such as reading and math, and may never catch up."

US: More Hands to Rock the Cradle
Source: The Economist, May 16, 2015

Excerpt: "“In America there is nothing we wouldn’t do for moms—apart from one major thing,” said John Oliver, a British-born comedian, in his television show, “Last Week Tonight”, on May 10th (Mother’s Day). The “major thing” he was speaking of is paid maternity leave, which, as he pointed out, is standard in all but two of 185 countries surveyed by the International Labour Organisation (ILO): America and Papua New Guinea. In America some women who work for the federal government or larger firms can take 12 weeks’ leave unpaid after giving birth."

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US: Mounting Evidence of Advantages for Children of Working Mothers
Source: The New York Times, May 15, 2015

Excerpt: "Nearly three-quarters of American mothers with children at home are employed. That fact doesn’t necessarily make it any easier for mothers to drop a toddler at day care or miss school plays. The mommy wars might seem like a relic of the 1990s, but 41 percent of adults say the increase in working mothers is bad for society, while just 22 percent say it is good, according to the Pew Research Center."

US: Child Care Isn't Just a Personal Problem. It's an Economic One, Too
Source: New Republic, May 14, 2015

Excerpt: "The concept of the American family unit still centers around the notion that child care is supposed to be borne on the backs of each parent, who’s expected to make the necessary sacrifices to provide care. But finding child care for working families isn’t just a personal dilemma; it’s also a policy problem, and an economic one. If parents are seen as the first and—in many cases—the only line of defense when it comes to taking care of children, how are they supposed to get down to work?"

US: Babies' Mental Health Matters
Source: Huffington Post, May 14, 2015

Excerpt: "As babies, the way we are held, talked to and cared for teaches us about who we are and how we are valued. This profoundly shapes who we will become. The first days, months, and years of life are when the adults who care for us can truly promote strong, positive mental wellness."

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US: How to Teach our Children the Art of Happiness
Source: The Washington Post, May 8, 2015

Excerpt: "As parents, it is our job to guide our children in so many areas. We toilet train them, we teach them self-care and manners, we teach them how to read, what to do in an emergency, how to cross the street safely. We might teach them how to play a musical instrument or a sport we loved growing up. But can we teach them how to be happy?"

ON: Hamilton Public School Board Phasing Out Childcare Subsidies
Source: The Hamilton Spectator, April 30, 2015

Excerpt: "Trustees voted 7–1 on Monday to phase out the $100,000 in annual subsidies in equal steps over two years beginning this fall. They also approved reducing subsidies for before- and after-school childcare at 47 of 63 schools offering the program, a move expected to save $85,000."

Advocates Urge Canadians to Vote for Child Care in Fall Election
Source: Toronto Star, May 6, 2015

Excerpt: "“We want to make the child-care crisis visible in Canada,” she said. “At the same time, we want to celebrate quality child-care programs as a public good and an important issue for Canadians to be talking about and pushing for in the federal election. We want quality child care all families can afford.”"

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MB: Inspections Result in Nearly Half of Province's Daycare Centres Receiving Only Temporary Licences
Source: Winnipeg Free Press, May 6, 2015

Excerpt: "Nearly half of Manitoba’s daycare centres didn’t pass muster with fire, health and child-care inspectors and were awarded only temporary provisional licences this spring. But, unlike British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and now New Brunswick, the details of those inspections aren’t public, and likely won’t be for years."

Liberals Propose Middle-Income Tax Cut, Hike for Wealthy and New Child Benefit
Source: Globe and Mail, May 5, 2015

Excerpt: "The new “Canada Child Benefit” would be provided in monthly tax-free cheques to families. The program would replace the Child Tax Benefit and the Universal Child Care Benefit, and be funded in part by eliminating the Conservative income-splitting tax break for families."

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MB: Manitoba Daycares See Low Scores in Personal-Care Categories
Source: Winnipeg Free Press, May 4, 2015

Excerpt: "Manitoba’s daycares scored particularly low — an average of just 3.2 last year for preschool children — on personal-care routines such as meals, nap time and toileting; and health and safety practices such as germ control and playground precautions. The rating for infant and toddler programs was even worse."

NS: Should the Provincial Government Subsidize Childcare? (Video)
Source: Global News, May 4, 2015

Description: "The Nova Scotia government is looking for your input on the hot topic of childcare. Get all the details on the latest study suggesting the province should subsidize the cost from one of the authors, Tammy Findlay."

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NB: N.B. Daycare Owners Meet to Discuss Next Steps after Liberal Policy Change
Source: Global News, May 2, 2015

Excerpt: "Daycare owners and operators held meetings across New Brunswick on Saturday to discuss looming changes to a program that could mean a loss of up to $12,000 a year."

MB: The Daycare Divide
Source: Winnipeg Free Press, May 2, 2015

Excerpt: "There are far fewer daycare spaces for poor kids in Winnipeg, even though experts say really great early childhood education can halt the kind of entrenched poverty passed down from generation to generation and catapult kids forward in school."

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NB: Province is Spending More, Not Less, On Child Care
Source: The Daily Gleaner, May 1, 2015

Excerpt: "Early childhood experiences are important to lifelong outcomes. This is why we are investing $76.8 million in early childhood development programs and services including $3.5 million in new investments. These investments will help increase the availability and quality of early childhood services in New Brunswick."

Federal Budget Flim-Flam Cheats Younger Generation
Source: The Chronicle Herald, May 1, 2015

Excerpt: "The newly enlarged Universal Child Care Benefit and Child Care Expense Deduction alone will cost the treasury $7.7 billion annually. These programs have huge superficial appeal to parents, but are an horrendously inefficient approach to child care."

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NL: Budget 2015: Balancing Choices for a Promising Future
Source: Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, April 30, 2015

Excerpt: "This year, we are investing $926 million in a wide range of initiatives, such as the continued implementation of our 10-year child care strategy, Caring For Our Future, as well as significant investments in our K-12 infrastructure. Caring For Our Future is now in its fourth year of implementation and has been tremendously successful in enhancing the quality, affordability and sufficiency of child care in our province. Since 2003, we have increased the number of regulated child care spaces by 70 per cent and we will continue to build on that momentum by investing an additional $3.2 million to continue the implementation of this strategy, bringing this year’s budget to $45.7 million."

MB: Budget 2015
Source: Government of Manitoba, April 30, 2015

Excerpt: "Budget 2015 continues to move Manitoba toward a truly universally accessible child-care system by: investing in 900 newly funded child-care spaces; supporting higher wages for child-care workers; and building and expanding child-care centres."

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AB: Put Child Care, Women’s Health on the Political Agenda
Source: Edmonton Journal, April 3, 2015

Excerpt: "Alberta has a child-care crisis affecting the health and well-being of women, children living with a disability and the safety of children in general, and it is crucial to brief politicians on this. The crisis is caused by the limited availability of child-care services resulting in long wait-lists; high costs which limit access to poor and middle-income families; privatization of child-care services, leaving the services to the dictates of the market; continuous rise of unregulated centres, which can endanger children’s health and safety as we have seen recently in Alberta; and the subtle discrimination against, and expulsion of, children with disability or special needs in some centres."

AU: Time to Put the Child in Childcare
Source: Brisbane Times, May 5, 2015

Excerpt: "It seems like a weird thing to have to point out but in the discussion about the federal government's changes to childcare, there is one significant group of people that hasn't had much of a say. About 1.3 million children attend childcare or preschool every week and yet they have been negligent about writing letters, providing feedback, commenting on discussion papers and lobbying politicians about the future of their sector."

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US: Worthy Wage Day Highlights Pay for Early Childhood Education (Video)
Source: Time Warner Cable News, May 4, 2015

Excerpt: "It's a job where most teachers have a four-year degree or masters. However, compensation doesn't seem to reflect that. At the end of the hour and a half, the visitors were given a mock check for their work, $14.84, and that's before taxes."

AU: Quality Childcare is a Good Start
Source: The Australian, May 1, 2015

Excerpt: "The accessibility and affordability of childcare is an important consideration for parents in considering whether to rejoin the workforce and has been a major issue for successive governments."

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Research Reports & Resources

The Peel Children and Youth Initiative’s Enrolled by Six: Peel Postsecondary Strategy: A Collective Impact Approach to the Canada Learning Bond in Peel
Source: Peel Children and Youth Initiative, May 14, 2015

Excerpt: "This report is intended for leaders and communities that are engaged in, or are considering, a strategy to enrol low income families in the CLB RESP program in the hope that some of what we learned can support the development of effective strategies across the country."

In It Together: Why Less Inequality Benefits All
Source: OECD, May 21, 2015

Excerpt: "The gap between rich and poor keeps widening. Growth, if any, has disproportionally benefited higher income groups while lower income households have been left behind. This long-run increase in income inequality not only raises social and political concerns, but also economic ones. It tends to drag down GDP growth, due to the rising distance of the lower 40% from the rest of society. Lower income people have been prevented from realising their human capital potential, which is bad for the economy as a whole. This book highlights the key areas where inequalities are created and where new policies are required, including: the consequences of current consolidation policies; structural labour market changes with rising non-standard work and job polarization; persisting gender gaps; the challenge of high wealth concentration, and the role for redistribution policies."

Expanding Opportunities for the Next Generation, Early Childhood Development in the Middle East and North Africa
Source: The World Bank, May 7, 2015

Excerpt: "The first chapter offers an overview of the evidence that the period from before birth to age five is the most important stage of human development. This period is especially crucial as deficits at this early stage tend to be irreversible and to perpetuate cycles of poverty and inequality. The many dimensions of healthy ECD, from proper healthcare and nutrition to early development activities, are identified along with the range of related indicators used to measure the state of ECD in the region."

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Report on Incentive Structures of Parents’ Use of Particular Childcare Forms
Source: Families and Societies, April 21, 2015

Excerpt: "Parents across the European Union use a range of childcare arrangements. This working paper contributes to our understanding of the determinants and consequences of different childcare arrangements for different families and different family members. The paper has three aims. The first is to deepen understanding of the motivations of parents for using a particular source of childcare. The second is to set the scene for an exploration of the extent of policy implementation gaps between an administrative understanding of statutory childcare service provision and the actual experience of users of these services. Third, the report highlights where the policy community might benefit from improved data to address certain knowledge gaps around childcare use."

Tracing Children’s Vocabulary Development from Preschool through the School-Age Years: An 8-Year Longitudinal Study
Source: Wiley Online Library, January 2015

Excerpt: "In this 8-year longitudinal study, we traced the vocabulary growth of Chinese children, explored potential precursors of vocabulary knowledge, and investigated how vocabulary growth predicted future reading skills. Two hundred and sixty-four (264) native Chinese children from Beijing were measured on a variety of reading and language tasks over 8 years. Between the ages of 4 to 10 years, they were administered tasks of vocabulary and related cognitive skills. At age 11, comprehensive reading skills, including character recognition, reading fluency, and reading comprehension were examined. Individual differences in vocabulary developmental profiles were estimated using the intercept-slope cluster method. Vocabulary development was then examined in relation to later reading outcomes."

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SECD eMessage, May issue: Self-Regulation
Source: Science of Early Childhood Development, May 6, 2015

Excerpt: "Self-regulation is the ability to adapt our emotions, behaviours and attention to cope with the demands of a given situation. It is a set of interrelated skills that are developed over the first several years of life and beyond. Self-regulation involves taking into account not only our own thoughts and feelings but those of others as well; it is central to our transition from helplessness to competence."

Early Childhood and Mental Health (Video)
Source: The Agenda with Steve Paikin, May 5, 2015

Excerpt: "About 70 per cent of mental health issues appear earlier in life. Some children deal with serious behavioural issues, anxiety and even depression. The Agenda looks at how years 0 to 6 lay the groundwork for a healthy emotional life."

Bruce/WoodGreen Early Learning Centre - Toronto First Duty (Video)
Source: Jimmy Pratt Foundation, April 30, 2015

Description: "WoodGreen works to meet the needs of families with young children by providing high-quality child care services, enriching learning opportunities and parenting supports that promote healthy child development. Committed to continual learning and excellence, we work with a variety of partners to deliver our many child care services. WoodGreen provides a safe, stimulating and enriching learning environment where children are cared for by professionally trained staff. Our curriculum is based on the most up-to-date practices and is designed to respond to each child's individual needs and interest. The centres are provincially licensed. There is a full-time resource teacher for the child care unit who works with children and families with special needs. Food is catered by Real Food for Real Kids."

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Worthy Work, STILL Unlivable Wages: The Early Childhood Workforce 25 Years after the National Child Care Staffing Study (Videos)
Source: Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, April 30, 2015

Description: "On November 18th, New America and CSCCE hosted an event marking the release of "Worthy Work, STILL Unlivable Wages: The Early Childhood Workforce 25 Years after the National Child Care Staffing Study." Worthy Work, STILL Unlivable Wages compiles evidence from multiple sources to provide a portrait of the early childhood teaching workforce today in comparison to 25 years ago."

7 Great Achievements in Pediatric Research (Video)
Source: American Academy of Pediatrics, April 24, 2015

Description: "This video celebrates seven key discoveries in pediatric research over the past 40 years that have saved millions of children’s lives worldwide."

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Early Education Narrows the Achievement Gap With Younger Starts and Longer Stays
Source: Phys.org, March 31, 2015

Excerpt: "New research from UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute (FPG) reveals high-quality early education is especially advantageous for children when they start younger and continue longer. Not only does more high-quality early education significantly boost the language skills of children from low-income families, children whose first language is not English benefit even more."

Researchers: Using an iPad or Smartphone Can Harm a Toddler’s Learning and Social Skills
Source: The Washington Post, February 2, 2015

Excerpt: "Nevertheless, the researchers have arrived a series of unsettling conclusions. They said children younger than 30 months “cannot learn from television and videos as they do from real-life interactions.” And to use a mobile device before that age on tasks that aren’t educational can be “detrimental to the social-emotional development of the child.”"

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