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ON: How to Find and Pay for Child Care
Source: Money Sense, October 15, 2014

Excerpt: "In Ontario, where I live, the Ministry of Education says there are only enough licensed daycare spots for about 20% of kids. Nationally the number isn’t much better: as of 2013 there were licensed daycare spots for only 22% of the country’s 1.9 million kids under the age of four."

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ON: New Recreational Program Breaks Down Barriers for Children and Youth
Source: Peel Children and Youth Initiative, October 14, 2014

Excerpt: "The Cities of Brampton and Mississauga will be providing the equivalent of $275 per child per calendar year to use for any program listed on their respective recreation websites. The program is open to our families involved with Peel CAS, and children and youth in care."

ON: Women’s Issues are Toronto Voters’ Issues
Source: The Toronto Star, October 9, 2014

Excerpt: "Chow’s not just the only female frontrunner in the race. She’s the only frontrunner campaigning on women’s issues. Her webpage is full of promises, price tags affixed. Take child care. The city has built only one licensed child care space for every five kids in the city. The waitlist for a subsidized spots runs 20,000 names long. Chow will build 3,000 more spaces, and she’ll fund 1,200 more afterschool recreation spots."

SK: 90 More Daycare Spots to U of S
Source: The Star Phoenix, October 15, 2014

Excerpt: "A new campus daycare centre may be the first of several new childcare options for University of Saskatchewan students and staff. After months of uncertainty, the budget-conscious university announced Tuesday it will build a new daycare centre for up to 90 children in its College Quarter development."

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Why Cities Should Deliver a National Day Care Program
Source: The Globe and Mail, October 15, 2014

Excerpt: "Topping the list of 21st century infrastructure investments should be a high-quality national childcare program – the case for which gets stronger ever year – particularly in light of fast changing labour markets, an increasing sense of economic uncertainty and a depressing growth in child poverty. Currently, about 70 per cent of women with children under the age of six are engaged in the paid labor market and the employment rate of women with young children continues to steadily grow."

MB: Program Designed to Produce Licensed Child-Care Providers
Source: Winnipeg Free Press, October 15, 2014

Excerpt: "The pilot project for 60 participants costs $280,000. If 48 of them, or 80 per cent, complete the project and become licensed child-care providers, that could translate into 225 quality licensed daycare spaces for people looking for them, Oswald said."

What Can We Learn from Quebec’s Child Care Experience?
Source: Maclean’s, October 15, 2014

Excerpt: "Other provinces might go in different directions, but surely we should learn as much as we can from Quebec’s $7 per day program as a starting place. There are two major research findings from Quebec’s experience that have been confirmed by several independent teams of researchers. The first is that the labour market participation of mothers increased substantially and sustainably. The second finding suggests that there is no evidence of widespread improved social or education outcomes for kids in Quebec, compared to kids in the rest of the country, since the Quebec model was implemented in the 1990s."

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Mulcair Draws on his Experience to Launch Affordable Childcare Plan
Source: New Democratic Party of Canada, October 14, 2014

Excerpt: "Today NDP Leader Tom Mulcair toured a childcare centre and announced his plan to create or maintain one million affordable childcare spaces across Canada. The goal is to ensure parents don’t pay more than $15 a day for a childcare space."

Related Articles:

Conservatives Planning to Enhance Child Care Benefit in Fall Fiscal Update
Source: National Post, October 10, 2014

Excerpt: "The plan, if implemented, will provide a stark point of differentiation to the Liberals and the NDP. Tom Mulcair, the New Democratic Party leader, is set to reveal details of his plan to create a national, universal affordable daycare program in Ottawa next Tuesday, modeled on Quebec’s $7-a-day scheme. The Liberals have long advocated a national childcare program."

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PM Announces Intention to Double the Children’s Fitness Tax Credit
Source: Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper, October 9, 2014

Excerpt: "Prime Minister Stephen Harper today announced our Government’s intention to double the Children’s Fitness Tax Credit (CFTC) and make it refundable. The maximum amount of expenses that may be claimed under the credit will be doubled from its current limit to $1,000 for the 2014 tax year and subsequent tax years, and the credit will be made refundable effective for the 2015 and subsequent tax years."

7 Perfectly Sensible Reasons Why Child Care is Good for the Economy
Source: Press Progress, October 14, 2014

Excerpt: "Child care is back in the news with two competition visions: give parents a monthly cheque of $100 to help cover monthly child care bills that can top $1,000 or build a real national $15-a-day child care program. So for those of you who need a good, hard dollars and cents explanation about why a real child care program is worthwhile, here are seven perfectly sensible reasons why the investment is good for the economy."

Getting Less Bang for the Child Care Buck–All $6.8 Billion of Them
Source: Childcare Resource and Research Unit, October 15, 2014

Excerpt: "Canada is one of the OECD’s lowest spenders on regulated child care and early childhood education but spends substantial public funds on two child care-linked funds—the Child Care Expense Deduction (CCED) and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB). Currently, the Government of Canada is contemplating spending considerable additional dollars on a third fund—income splitting."

The Case for Child Care
Source: National Newswatch, October 14, 2014

Excerpt: "While the need is clear, the most recent figures show that there are regulated child care spaces available for less than one in four (22.5%) of Canadian children under five years of age, a national average which is boosted by Quebec’s provincially funded comprehensive program. At the other end of the spectrum, Saskatchewan provides regulated care for just 11.5% of infants."

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BC: Revelstoke Poverty Reduction: Creating Shared Prosperity — Part 4: Early Childhood Development
Source: Revelstoke Times Review, October 14, 2014

Excerpt: "Since 2003, the Revelstoke Early Childhood Development Committee has been working hard to support children aged 0–6 in our community. From a poverty reduction point of view, the importance of this work cannot be underestimated. Poverty can affect a child’s development, ability to learn, do well in school, and even future employment options."

US: High-Quality Early Educators: The Challenges of Attracting, Retaining, Developing, and Compensating the Workforce
Source: Eye on Early Education, October 15, 2014

Excerpt: "The expansion of pre-K programs around the country has raised pressing questions regarding the early education workforce: Are there enough highly skilled preschool teachers to meet policymakers’ goals? If not, how do we develop the workforce we need to meet high standards and expectations? And perhaps most vexing, what should we pay them?"

FI: An Infographic of Finland’s Education System
Source: Literacy Teaching and Teacher Education, October 14, 2014

Excerpt: "Much has been said about the education system in Finland. For the past decade or so Finland’s PISA scores have been at the top in both literacy and mathematics. Many studies have been conducted on their exemplary system."

US: Kids Come to School Sick Because We Can’t Stay Home from Work
Source: The Washington Post, October 14, 2014

Excerpt: "The majority of the issue, though, stems not from school sick leave policies, but work leave policies. The Bureau of Labor Statistics states that two out of five American workers do not get paid sick leave in the private sector, meaning they have to choose between their health or their paychecks. Those who do get scheduled time off for unexpected illness are still expected to come to work when their children are sick, meaning they have to find emergency child care, which is not an easy task when asking someone to watch a sick child last minute."

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US: Reaching the Most Vulnerable Children: A Look at Child Homelessness
Source: New America, Ed Central, October 10, 2014

Except: "High-quality early childhood education programs can cushion the negative effects of homelessness, providing children with stability, a safe environment, and helping them develop the skills needed to succeed in school and in life. It is crucial that this vulnerable population has access to such programs. While older children are guaranteed access to public elementary and secondary schools in their local districts, homeless children under five have limited access to education opportunities. Early education programs often don’t have the capacity to accommodate all eligible children, and homeless children face additional barriers like lack of proper documentation for enrollment, frequent mobility, and limited transportation that lead to their underrepresentation."

Malala Yousafzai 'Proud' to be Nobel Peace Prize Co-Winner
Source: CBC News, October 10, 2014

Excerpt: "Children's rights activist Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan says she is honoured to share this year's Nobel Peace Prize with India's Kailash Satyarthi, whose work also involves protecting the interests of young people."

US: President Obama Announces Pre-K Goal–But is it Attainable?
Source: New America, Ed Central, October 7, 2014

Excerpt: "There are about 8.1 million 3- and 4-year-olds in the U.S. As Education Week pointed out, 6 million enrolled in high-quality pre-K would mean about three in four of all children that age. To date, about half of kids that age are enrolled in pre-K, with about half of those children (one in four, total) enrolled in publicly funded pre-K and the remaining half enrolled in private pre-K programs. Assuming those rough estimates are correct–and there’s some evidence that they’re probably not quite accurate, given issues with the timing of Census surveys and questionable self-reporting by parents–it will be no small task to provide another 2 million children pre-K classrooms."

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ON: Joint Statement: Women Endorsing Olivia Chow
Source: Olivia Chow, October 9, 2014

Excerpt: "Olivia Chow’s entire platform is based on a profound understanding of issues of concern to women – and that “women’s issues” such as accessible, affordable child care are equality issues, economic issues and should be election issues. Olivia Chow is the only candidate addressing these issues and proposing meaningful, practical policies and plans to move forward."

ON: Olivia Chow Challenges Tory, Ford over Absence of Child-Care Policy
Source: Toronto Star, October 9, 2014

Excerpt: ""I have a commitment to create at least 3,000 high-quality child care (spaces) in the upcoming years. Mr. Ford and Mr. Tory: how come you’re not putting one penny or one nickel onto a child-care platform?" she said Thursday. "By not investing any money, you are saying to the families that are desperately waiting for good, high-quality child care that they have to wait for years and years longer.""

ON: Why Don't Women's Issues Matter in the Toronto Mayoral Election?
Source: Rabble.ca, October 7, 2014

Excerpt: "Olivia Chow, the only woman candidate for mayor and the only one who addresses women's issues, has similarly been trampled by Fordian bigotries in this campaign. Her policies about women's and children's services have been completely ignored by the men in the race, and she has been bombarded by explicitly racist and sexist insults—being subjected to far more hateful comments online than either of the men."

ON: Ontario is Right to Address Pay Equity Gap: Editorial
Source: Toronto Star, October 2, 2014

Excerpt: "For example, while women’s lower salaries can be partly explained by the fact that about two-thirds of part-time workers are female, that isn’t the whole story. In Ontario, women make up 94 per cent of part-time workers who say that caring for children is the reason they don’t work fulltime. Given affordable, available child care, many would opt for fulltime jobs — further closing the gap."

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Early Childhood Education (Video)
Source: Omni News, October 6, 2014

Excerpt: "Early childhood education and day care poised to be a federal election issue in 2015. With the federal government returning to surplus next year, there’s a lot of talk about where to spend that money….what you won’t hear a lot about are investments in early learning and child care."

MB: Manitoba Hires 100 Teachers to Stay on Course for Smaller Classes
Source: CBC News, October 6, 2014

Excerpt: "Allum said the government is well on its way to meeting the goal of having no more than 20 children per class from kindergarten to Grade 3 by 2017. He said 59 per cent of kindergarten to Grade 3 classes have 20 or fewer students, and 87 per cent have no more than 23 students. The government said since the launch 2011, more than $29 million has been invested in the school system to create or renovate 49 classrooms, creating an estimated 270 jobs."

AB: Lack of Space Big Obstacle to Full-Day Kindergarten
Source: Lethbridge Herald, October 3, 2014

Excerpt: "Once upon a time, there was a promise made by former premier Alison Redford that full-day kindergarten would be funded and implemented across the province. It’s one of a number of Redford election stories filed in the fiction section as of yet, but if the province had a change of plans, would local school districts be prepared to accommodate the extra hours? Chris Smeaton, superintendent of Holy Spirit Roman Catholic Separate Regional Division No. 4, says the main issue is there wouldn’t be enough space."

BC: Vancouver City Council Approves $30-Million Daycare Initiative
Source: The Globe and Mail, October 2, 2014

Excerpt: "There have been stroller rallies and complaints of a child-care crisis in British Columbia for years. Now the City of Vancouver is responding by getting into the daycare business in a big way. A four-year capital plan adopted unanimously by city council Wednesday night calls for $30-million to establish 1,000 new child-care spaces between 2015 and 2018."

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AU: We Can Learn a Lot about Public Policy from the Nordic Nations
Source: The Conversation, October 6, 2014

Excerpt: "The OECD has identified Australia as one of a small number of countries in which long working hours are common. In comparison, parents in Sweden and the other main Nordic countries have working weeks shorter than the OECD average. This is in addition to their substantial paid parental leave and publicly provided child care. Shorter working hours allow parents from Sweden to pick up their children after work without the time pressures Australian parents face."

US: Attachment Parenting, Positive Touch and Breastfeeding May Help Improve Youth Development and Behavior
Source: The Raw Food World, October 2, 2014

Excerpt: "University of Notre Dame completed an interdisciplinary research study that observed impacts of current cultural parenting practices. Darcia Narvaez, professor of psychology, reports, "Life outcomes for American youth are worsening, especially in comparison to 50 years ago. Ill-advised practices and beliefs have become commonplace in our culture, such as the use of infant formula, the isolation of infants in their own rooms or the belief that responding too quickly to a fussing baby will ‘spoil’ it.""

What Do All Babies Need, Yet Aren’t Getting Equally?
Source: Reader’s Digest, October 2014

Excerpt: "Beginning in the 1990s, researchers at Rice and Columbia Universities reported eye-opening findings about how many more words middle-class and affluent kids hear day in and out. Using interview techniques and tracking devices including "word pedometers," they’ve determined that well-off children hear 30 million more words in the first three years of life."

AU: Child Care Cost, Availability Hurting Economy as Mothers Forego Work; Government Acknowledges Crisis Ahead of Key Report
Source: ABC, September 30, 2014

Excerpt: "More than 150,000 Australian parents who want to work cannot because child care is expensive and hard to find. The Federal Government is considering changes to the sector, which could include subsidising alternatives to childcare centres, such as nannies."

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US: Recessions Result in Lower Birth Rates in the Long Run
Source: Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University, September 29, 2014

Excerpt: "Now, new research from Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs shows that women who were in their early 20s during the Great Recession will likely have fewer children in both the short and long term. Past recessions have resulted in an increase in the number of women who remain childless at age 40."

ON: A City with Children and Families at its Heart
Source: Olivia Chow, September 30, 2014

Excerpt: "Olivia Chow today released ways to expand child care and help working parents. She will create 3,000 more child care spaces, including 1,500 subsidized ones to help more parents afford the soaring cost of child care. It is Olivia’s third proposal to put children at the heart of the city. Neither John Tory nor Doug Ford has released any. In a July debate, Mr. Tory even said child care wasn’t a city responsibility."

ON: Position Primer
Source: Women in Toronto Politics, September 26, 2014

Excerpt: "There’s a Toronto election on October 27th, 2014. You’ll be casting a vote not only for mayor, but for a local councillor to represent your community. Do you know where your council candidates stand on transportation? Housing? Taxes? Employment? Find out with the Position Primer, brought to you by Women in Toronto Politics."

ON: 2014 Mandate Letter: Education
Source: Government of Ontario, September 25, 2014

Excerpt: "Moving Forward on Child Care and the Early Years: Building on the successful implementation of full-day kindergarten, which will be fully implemented this year. As outlined below, you will continue to work with school boards, municipalities, First Nations, child care operators and parents to modernize, stabilize and strengthen the child care system and improve oversight; Overseeing the implementation of legislative and regulatory changes through the Child Care Modernization Act, 2014, if passed."

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MB: Manitoba Government Announces Capital Building Fund to Create Additional High-Quality, Affordable Child Care for Families
Source: Government of Manitoba, October 2, 2014

Excerpt: "The Manitoba government is announcing details of the Family Choices Building Fund as part of the recently launched five-year plan to create more high-quality child care for families across the province, Family Services Minister Kerri Irvin-Ross said today."

NL: Premier Paul Davis Unveils New Cabinet, Innovative Approach
Source: Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, September 30, 2014

Excerpt: "Creation of the new Department of Education and Early Childhood Development: The best education systems integrate early learning activities with the formal education system. The new department will be responsible for the continuum of learning from infancy through high school. It brings together the teams that will spearhead initiatives in early childhood education, the introduction of full-day kindergarten and other advances throughout the primary, elementary and secondary systems."

QC: Group Urges Government to ‘Close the Tap’ on Unused Daycare Spots
Source: The Gazette, September 30, 2014

Excerpt: "The head of a group representing daycare administrations is urging the Quebec government to “close the tap” on the estimated $15 million in subsidies given to daycares for vacant spots. About one in 10 daycares bill the government for unused places, Francine Lessard, the director of the Conseil québécois des services de garde éducatifs à l’enfance, told reporters Tuesday."

BC: Surrey Board of Trade Receives National Business Support to Have Child Care on Nation's Business Agenda
Source: Surrey Board of Trade, September 29, 2014

Excerpt: "The Surrey Board of Trade received the unanimous support from the nation's business leaders to have the Canadian Government: 1. Work with the provinces and territories to fully examine the potential impact on productivity and the Canadian GDP of a countrywide system of child care with possible implications for child care rates and spaces. 2. Ensure that the findings and policy recommendations associated with the aforementioned study should be delimited by, and respect, provincial jurisdictional limitations, as well as fiscal considerations, associated with the implementation of child care policy."

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Does Canada Need a Program of Subsidized Universal Daycare?
Source: CBC Radio, September 26, 2014

Excerpt: "Quebec has long been held up as an example of how to do daycare right. The province has had a system of "universal" day care since 1997. It costs parents just seven dollars a day, per child. The idea was to create an incentive for women to enter the workforce, and to make childcare affordable for everyone. But now, Quebec's new government is looking for ways to cut costs. There are whispers that it might shift away from the one-price-fits-all model and ask higher-income families to pay a larger share. Still, universal daycare proponents say it's time to spend more on daycare in Canada, not less."

Drop Income Splitting and Hike the Deduction For Childcare
Source: The Globe and Mail, September 26, 2014

Excerpt: "And if only families with children are going to get tax cuts, then income splitting comes second in the survey as the best way to do it. The preferred option is extending the child care deduction. The reason is simple. The current income-splitting proposal fails the fairness test in many ways. Single parents would get no tax relief. Families with one 17-year-old and one high-earning parent would get far more tax relief than average-income couples with four pre-schoolers at home."

QC: Daycare Workers Announce New Strike Dates in October
Source: The Gazette, September 25, 2014

Excerpt: "The one-day work stoppages are set to begin on Oct. 10 and will continue through Oct. 17, with groups of daycare workers in different regions striking in each for a 24-hour period. A province-wide strike will then be held on Oct. 20. Similar strikes were held during the summer."

NS: Speech from the Throne
Source: The Nova Scotia Legislature, September 25, 2014

Excerpt: "My government, through the department of Education and Early Childhood Development, has already started a review of regulated child-care programs. This review is focusing on the safety of children in childcare and identifying ways to make childcare more accessible and affordable for families, enhancing the quality of programming for children, and supporting staff who work with our youngest children."

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BC: How Health Care, Day Care and Other Costs Have Surged for Middle-Class Families, at a Glance
Source: The Daily Courier, September 25, 2014

Excerpt: "Child care costs for a family of four have soared an average of 37 per cent in the past 12 years and now exceed the typical cost of renting a home in every state. Census data point to a long-term trend: Average weekly child care costs for families with working mothers, adjusted for inflation, jumped from $84 in 1985 to $143 in 2011."

Children Get More Benefit from a Reward than a Bribe
Source: Guelph Mercury, September 24, 2014

Excerpt: "Bribing your child is tempting at any age. As a parent of a toddler you might give out stickers or Smarties for every time your child uses the potty. You might offer a preschooler a bouncy ball out of the toy dispenser if he or she behaves while grocery shopping. Maybe you have struck a deal with your kindergartner that he or she gets a new toy if they are good all week at school. Maybe your older child gets a monetary reward for every good grade on a report card."

US: Spillover Benefits of Early Childhood Education May More than Double Economic Benefits
Source: InvestingInKids, October 1, 2014

Excerpt: "Evidence suggests that spillover benefits are large enough to more than double economic benefits. Spillover benefits are important because they provide an argument, from the perspective of enlightened self-interest, for why all voters should support early childhood education."

US: The One Time That the U.S. Had Universal Childcare
Source: Think Progress, September 30, 2014

Excerpt: "Nothing before or since has been like the Lanham Act, though you probably haven’t heard of it. It wasn’t even legislation that was supposed to have anything to do with child care. It was a bill to fund infrastructure projects that were needed for the war effort in 1940. But without so much as a Congressional debate or vote, the language was reinterpreted so that funding for child care centers could be funneled through it. And thus between 1943 and 1946, the country had its first, and only, universal child care program."

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US: Michigan’s Pre-School Program Needs More Money, Integration
Source: Bridge Michigan, September 30, 2014

Excerpt: "Preschool’s economic impacts are larger if preschool includes middle-class as well as low-income children. Research shows that middle-class and low-income students get similar test score gains from preschool. In addition, low-income children benefit from positive peer effects in income-integrated classes."

UK: Why UK Should Follow Nordics’ Lead on Universal Childcare
Source: The Conversation, September 29, 2014

Excerpt: "Over the first 21 years of their children’s lives, parents in the UK spend an average of 28% of their household income on children, with a total of £66,113 on childcare. Childcare costs alone have gone up by 67% since 2003, hitting hardest single parents and parents of disabled children, whose childcare costs are on average even higher."

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Research Reports & Resources

Aligning and Investing in Infant and Toddler Programs
Source: Center for American Progress, October 15, 2014

Excerpt: "Because families are still working to recover from the recession, today’s infants and toddlers are especially at risk. In terms of human development, infants and toddlers are at a critical stage requiring significant investments of time and resources to produce positive outcomes. Unfortunately, the cost of high-quality care and education that produce such results is still out of reach for most families."

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Effects of the FITKids Randomized Controlled Trial on Executive Control and Brain Function
Source: American Academy of Pediatrics, September 29, 2014

Excerpt: "The provision of a 9-month randomized controlled PA intervention, directed toward increasing aerobic fitness, significantly improved brain and behavioral indices of executive control. More importantly, these effects were selective to aspects of cognition that required extensive inhibition and cognitive flexibility, with no changes observed for task components requiring lower-order (ie, nonexecutive) aspects of cognition."

The Decline of Play
Source: TEDxNavesink, June 13, 2014

Description: "In this talk, Dr. Peter Gray compellingly brings attention to the reality that over the past 60 years in the United States there has been a gradual but, overall dramatic decline in children's freedom to play with other children, without adult direction. Over this same period, there has been a gradual but overall dramatic increase in anxiety, depression, feelings of helplessness, suicide, and narcissism in children and adolescents. Based on his own and others' research, Dr. Gray documents why free play is essential for children's healthy social and emotional development and outlines steps through which we can bring free play back to children's lives."

Toronto’s Vital Signs: 2014 Report
Source: Toronto Foundation, October 7, 2014

Excerpt: "Canada’s 0–4 years age group has been growing at the highest rate in 50 years, according to the 2011 Census. Children under 5 in Toronto numbered 143,925 in 2013."

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Newcomer Engagement in Early Childhood Development (ECD) Services & Support in the Region of Peel
Source: PCYI, October 7, 2014

Excerpt: "This report summarizes the findings and recommendations resulting from a consultation process conducted in the Region of Peel. Our goal was to investigate factors contributing to the reduction in use of early child development (ECD) services by newcomer parents of children 0–6 years old, the longer they have been in Canada."

Cocaine Before Pregnancy Can Leave Kids Feeling Angry
Source: Futurity, October 7, 2014

Excerpt: "In a sample of low-income families—both exposed and not exposed to cocaine—researchers found that a mother’s harshness toward her 2-year-old child is one of the strongest predictors of problem behaviors in kindergarten, such as fighting, aggression, and defiance."

Civic Tech For Civic Voice: A Digital Engagement Primer
Source: Atkinson Foundation, October 6, 2014

Excerpt: "Digital tools and platforms, once reserved for industries and professionals, are becoming more accessible. Journalists are no longer the only ones who can report and publish stories. Blogs and social media have given voice to many who would have not been heard or even noticed in the past. While a digital divide persists, civic technology is helping break down traditional barriers and even larger, more detrimental divides created by disparities in income and education."

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Children Vulnerable in Areas of Early Development: A Determinant of Child Health
Source: Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI), October 2, 2014

Description: "Children who are exposed to optimal environments early in life have the best opportunities to grow up healthy and happy. Understanding how children are developing allows policy-makers to make informed decisions about investments in programs and policies that support children and families. Children Vulnerable in Areas of Early Development: A Determinant of Child Health looks at how Canada measures the health and well-being of 5-year-olds. An overview of provincial and territorial initiatives to improve early child development is also included."

DNA Methylation Signatures Triggered by Prenatal Maternal Stress Exposure to a Natural Disaster: Project Ice Storm
Source: PLOS ONE, September 19, 2014

Excerpt: "Prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) predicts a wide variety of behavioral and physical outcomes in the offspring. Although epigenetic processes may be responsible for PNMS effects, human research is hampered by the lack of experimental methods that parallel controlled animal studies. Disasters, however, provide natural experiments that can provide models of prenatal stress."

ADHD, Stimulant Treatment, and Growth: A Longitudinal Study
Source: Pediatrics, September 1, 2014

Excerpt: "There is ongoing concern that stimulant medications may adversely affect growth. In a sample of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) cases and controls from a population-based birth cohort, we assessed growth and the association between stimulant treatment and growth."

Building a Skilled Teacher Workforce: Shared and Divergent Challenges in Early Care and Education and in Grades K-12
Source: Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, University of California, Berkeley, September 2014

Excerpt: "High-quality educational experiences for all children, regardless of age, depend on effective teachers. Yet it is a daunting challenge to ensure that all classrooms, whether in pre-kindergarten or in older grades, are staffed by teachers who are skilled at nurturing children’s curiosity and fostering learning. It is also an urgently pressing challenge, given the persistent learning gap between children living in poverty and their more advantaged peers, and the poor academic performance of U.S. students on international achievement tests."

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Play in Peel App
Source: Peel Children and Youth Initiative, June 24, 2014

Description: "The Peel Children and Youth Initiative helps increase youth participation in after school programs by building an app to make it easier to find recreation in the Peel region."

Case Study: Child and Brain Development
Source: CIFAR, September 2014

Excerpt: "The potential of the SECD was quickly recognised by the Lawson Foundation, which awarded RRC a grant to develop and deliver the resource as part of the Foundation’s Beginning Years funding scheme. First made public in 2005, the SECD is an accessible, online, multimedia, core curriculum resource which provides up-to-date and easy to understand information regarding the impact of early experience on brain development and lifelong trajectories of health, learning and behaviour via five key modules: Brain development, Coping and Competence, Communicating and Learning, The Ecology of Childhood and Developmental Health."

Women, Children, and Adolescents: The Post-2015 Agenda
Source: The Lancet, September 2014

Excerpt: "As the global health community and government representatives gathered in New York this week to review progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and considered their successors the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), there is some good news to share and some not so good. Child mortality in under-5-year-olds worldwide has fallen from 12·7 million in 1990 to 6·3 million in 2013. Although the present rate of decrease is still not enough to meet MDG 4 (a reduction of under-5 child mortality by two thirds by the end of 2015), it is still remarkable progress."

Saving Brains, A Grand Challenge (Video)
Source: DocMikeEvans, September 23, 2014

Excerpt:  "Hi, I’m Dr. Mike Evans and I’ll start today’s visual lecture with a question.  Did you know one third of the world’s children never reach their full potential? "

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Neuroscience is Redefining Early Childhood Development
Source: UNICEF, September 20, 2014

Excerpt: "Science is changing the way we think about development policy and practice when it comes to young children, radically altering our definition of early childhood development and what we do to ensure that every child has the best start in life. In the first few years of life, children’s brains develop at an unprecedented rate. This crucial period lays the foundation for the rest of their lives and can set a path towards creating more sustainable societies."

Less-Structured Time in Children's Daily Lives Predicts Self-Directed Executive Functioning
Source: Frontiers, June 17, 2014

Excerpt: "Executive functions (EFs) in childhood predict important life outcomes. Thus, there is great interest in attempts to improve EFs early in life. Many interventions are led by trained adults, including structured training activities in the lab, and less-structured activities implemented in schools. Such programs have yielded gains in children's externally-driven executive functioning, where they are instructed on what goal-directed actions to carry out and when. However, it is less clear how children's experiences relate to their development of self-directed executive functioning, where they must determine on their own what goal-directed actions to carry out and when. We hypothesized that time spent in less-structured activities would give children opportunities to practice self-directed executive functioning, and lead to benefits."

Maternal Responsiveness and the Development of Directed Vocalizing in Social Interactions
Source: Wiley Online Library, May 29, 2014

Excerpt: "For effective communication, infants must develop the phonology of sounds and the ability to use vocalizations in social interactions. Few studies have examined the development of the pragmatic use of prelinguistic vocalizations, possibly because gestures are considered hallmarks of early pragmatic skill. The current study investigated infant vocal production and maternal responsiveness to examine the relationship between infant and maternal behavior in the development of infants' vocal communication. Specifically, we asked whether maternal responses to vocalizations could influence the development of prelinguistic vocal usage, as has been documented in recent experimental studies exploring the relation between maternal responses and phonological development."

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