Letter-Sounds & Phonics
What the experts say about letter-sounds & phonics:
By understanding the link between speech sounds in spoken words and alphabet letters and letter combinations in written words, children learn to read and spell.
~ Rollanda E. O’Connor
The goal of phonics instruction is to help children learn and use the alphabetic principle - the understanding that there are systematic and predictable relationships between written letters and spoken sounds. Knowing these relationships will help children recognize familiar words accurately and automatically, and decode new words.
~ Put Reading First
By the age of six, most children already have about 6,000 words in their listening and speaking vocabularies. With phonics they learn to read and write these and more words at a faster rate than they would without phonics.
~ Jeanne Chall
Read more about letter-sounds & phonics!
Launching Young Readers Series: Sounds and Symbols
- Phonics and Word Recognition Instruction in Early Reading Programs: Guidelines for Accessibility
Starfall: A Classroom Resource
Test your Understanding of Speech Sounds
- Test your Understanding of Phonics
OVERVIEW of letter-sound knowledge & phonics
|Learning how to read in English is like cracking a secret code. Students must learn which letters or letter combinations stand for the 40 or so sounds of spoken English. Once they understand the code, students are able to use their knowledge to read and spell new words. Teaching the connection between letters and the sounds they represent is an important part of early literacy instruction.|
TEACHING letter-sound knowledge & phonics
|Phonics refers to instruction in letter-sound associations. It is helpful to teach phonics explicitly and systematically. Begin with a set of letters, such as s, a, t, p, that can be combined to create two or three letter words so that students can immediately start reading and spelling words. Have students practice reading using books that contain familiar letter-sounds and words that can be easily sounded out.|
ASSESSING letter-sound knowledge & phonics
|Teachers can informally assess students’ knowledge of letter names and sounds. They can observe students’ ability to use letter-sound knowledge to sound out words when reading and represent sounds in words when spelling. It is very helpful to look at young students’ inventive spelling because it provides a window into students’ understanding of the relations between letters and sounds.|
Drive Through Blending: Practicing Early Decoding Skills in First Grade
Making Word Families: Developing Letter-Sound Associations
Alphabet In My Mouth!: Reviewing Alphabet Letter-Sounds with a Fun Song