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Deepening Knowledge.

Inuit Perspectives


 

Film and Video

In Celebration of Nunavut

National Film Board of Canada, 1999

From the NFB website: “The most comprehensive collection of films ever produced on Canada's Arctic - to honour the new territory of Nunavut. In consultation with professionals from the education, government and cultural sectors in the North and South, the National Film Board delved into its vast archives. We chose over 100 films on the North made between 1942 and 1996, and organized them by theme into 60 videos.”

Welcome to Nunavut - Nunavut Tourism

Youtube, 3 min 22 sec

At the Caribou Crossing Place

National Film Board of Canada, Quentin Brown, 1967. (30 min 17 s).

From the website: "In this short documentary on the Netsilik Inuit, the time is early autumn, the place an Inuit camp in the Pelly Bay region of the Canadian Arctic. A woman, a boy and two men are shown occupied with their various activities. A woman works on caribou skins. Men return from the hunt with another caribou. A boy picks berries and then plays at being a hunter."

Between Two Worlds

National Film Board of Canada, 1990. (57 mins).

From the website: “Unknown to most Canadians today, Joseph Idlout was once the world's most famous Inuk. The subject of films and books, Idlout was one of the Inuit hunters pictured for many years on the back of Canada's $2 bill. Idlout became a symbol of his people, the heroic myth that fascinated the white imagination. In this film Idlout's son, Peter Paniloo, takes us on a journey through his father's life. Idlout, the great hunter, becomes a fox-fur trapper and guide. He gets caught up in the white world, trying to improve his family's fortunes. Finally, Joseph Idlout does not know who he is or where he belongs. He is "between two worlds." Joseph Idlout could never have imagined the changes that would overwhelm his North. But he was one of its first casualties.”

The Experimental Eskimos

From the website:  "In the early 1960s the Canadian government conducted an experiment in social engineering. Three 12-year-old Inuit boys, Peter Ittinuar, Zebedee Nungak and Eric Tagoona, were sent to live with White families in Ottawa, to be educated in White schools. The consequences for the boys, their families, their identity, and their culture were brushed aside.

The bureaucrats who brought the boys South did not anticipate the outcome of their experiment. The boys grew up to become leaders of their people, and lifelong thorns in the side of the government. The battles they fought and won were instrumental in the establishment of aboriginal rights in Canada, and led to the creation of Nunavut, the world’s largest self-governing aboriginal territory. But it all came at enormous personal cost.

The Experimental Eskimos is the untold story of how an experiment in assimilation, not only changed three boys, but changed a nation".

The trailer for The Experimental Eskimos can be found here.

Inuit Knowledge and Climate Change

2012 (54 mins).

From the website: "Nunavut-based director Zacharias Kunuk (Atanarjuat The Fast Runner) and researcher and filmmaker Dr. Ian Mauro (Seeds of Change) have teamed up with Inuit communities to document their knowledge and experience regarding climate change. This new documentary, the world’s first Inuktitut language film on the topic, takes the viewer “on the land” with elders and hunters to explore the social and ecological impacts of a warming Arctic. This unforgettable film helps us to appreciate Inuit culture and expertise regarding environmental change and indigenous ways of adapting to it."

Inuit Piqqusingit

From the webite:  "Inuit Piqqusingit is part documentary, part how-to, part real-life adventure. Each episode draws on the knowledge and experience of elders as they lead trips on the land, retell stories and give demonstrations to young people."

I Can Make Art...Like Andrew Qappik

National Film Board of Canada, By Jane Churchill, 2005, 11 min. 24 s

From Website: "This short documentary is a portrait of Andrew Qappik, a world-renowned Inuit printmaker from Pangnirtung, Nunavut. Originally inspired by images in the comic books he read as a child, Andrew now finds his subjects in the stories, traditions and day-to-day events of his world.

Kenojuak Ashevak

The National Film Board of Canada, John Feeney, 1963, 19 min. 49 s

From the website: "This film shows how an Inuit artist's drawings are transferred to stone, printed and sold. Kenojuak Ashevak became the first woman involved in the printmaking co-operative in Cape Dorset. This film was nominated for the 1963 Documentary Short Subject Oscar."

The Living Stone

National Film Board, 1958. (32:35 mins).

From the NFB website: “This documentary shows the inspiration behind Inuit sculpture. The Inuit approach to the work is to release the image the artist sees imprisoned in the rough stone. The film centers on an old legend about the carving of the image of a sea spirit to bring food to a hungry camp.” The documentary is free to download.

Mary Simon-Interview

Youtube, 2012. (4:11 mins).

Prominent Inuit figure Mary Simon discusses Inuit issues on the George Strombolopolous show.

Nunavut: New Partners in a New Territory

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 1999. (14 mins) Available in libraries.

Uqausiit Sanngijut -  The Nunavut Elder's Series - Les Aînés du Nunavut

Inuit Communications Systems, 2005 (144 min). This video contains interviews with elders in the Inuit community. Available in libraries.

Takuginai (pronounced Tah-kew-gee-nye)

The popular children's program produced by IBC- the Inuit Broadcasting Corporation featuring puppets such as Johnny the Lemming, Malaiya, Isaaci, Puuki and Meesee. The Inuit version of Sesame Street.  A great way of learning about Inuit life today. Suitable for Elementary and Junior levels.

Mary Simon responds to apology

From the website: "National Inuit Leader Mary Simon, President of Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, speaks in Canada's House of Commons following the Apology to students of Residential Schools delivered by Prime Minister Stephen Harper on June 11, 2008."

Kikkik-E1-472

From the website: "During the 1950’s famine in the Canadian Arctic, Kikkik, an Inuk woman, killed a man in self-defense and then found herself in the position of having to leave two of her five children on the tundra. She was tried for murder and criminal negligence and subsequently acquitted.Her daughter, Elisapee Karetak lives in Arviat, Nunavut and has spent many years tracing the events of her family’s story. Elisapee’s brothers and sisters as well as many members of the Inuit community who lived through the ordeal have wanted and needed to reveal their memories.

Directed by Martin Kreelak, Kikkik E1-472 focuses on the impact to the Ahiarmiut community when they were relocated – the tragedy that led to the famine and the deaths at Henik Lake in the winter of 1958. Kikkik E1-472 unwraps the memory of the few surviving elders, and Elisapee’s siblings Annacatha and Karlak.

Staking the Claim

From the website: "To know who you are, you must first know where you came from.

In the early 1970s, a small group of men and women from Canada’s north sparked a movement for change that would end by changing the course of Canadian history.

Over the next thirty years, the settlement of Inuit Land Claims Agreements throughout the Inuit regions would set precedents, change mindsets and – in Nunavut – redraw the map of Canada.

But what drove the ‘claim seekers’ and at what cost? If they knew then where their actions would lead, would they have done what they did?

Those questions compelled Stacey, Tommy, Pauloosie and David to journey across the Canadian Arctic to meet the people who have shaped their past. Staking The Claim captures those experiences on film; there are no scripts, no outside interpretations – simply the voices of those who’ve played a part in shaping a legacy conversing with those who will inherit it.

The documentaries, interviews and supporting resources in Staking the Claim reveal a part of Canada’s history that is largely unknown. It is the story of one of our first peoples’ efforts to seek a new relationship with their country. It is the story of a democratic nation willing to negotiate new approaches to governance. It is a story that will shape the future for Inuit and Canada for years to come."

Organizations

Avataq Institute

A site offering historical, contemporary, past and current information on Inuit of Canada.

ICO-Inuit Circumpolar Council

From the website: The International Inuit Council which seeks to:

  • strengthen unity amoung Inuit of the circumpolar region;

  • promote Inuit rights and interests on an international level;

  • develop and encourage long-term policies that safeguard the Arctic environment; and seek full and active partnership in the political, economic, and social development of circumpolar regions.

Government of Nunavut

General information on Nunavut, Inuit of Nunavut and life in Nunavut today.

NTI-Nunavut Tunngavik

From the website: "Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated (NTI) ensures that promises made under the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (NLCA) are carried out. Inuit exchanged Aboriginal title to all their traditional land in the Nunavut Settlement Area for the rights and benefits set out in the NLCA. The management of land, water and wildlife is very important to Inuit. NTI coordinates and manages Inuit responsibilities set out in the NLCA and ensures that the federal and territorial governments fulfill their obligations."

NIYC-National Inuit Youth Council

An organization that represents the interests of Inuit Youth of Canada.

Nunavut Tourism

Site of the Nunavut Tourism Assocation sharing information on Nunavut today.

Nunavik Tourism

The site of the Nunavik (Northern Quebec) Tourism Association containing general information on life in Nunavik today.

Pirurvik Center

The website of the Pirurvik Center - from the website - "Pirurvik, meaning "a place of growth" is a unique, non-government centre of learning dedicated to Inuit Language, Culture and Wellbeing."

The Ottawa Inuit Children's Centre

This document outlines the Centre's vision, mission, and mandate. In addition, it provides key information about the Inuit population in Ottawa and the targeted programs the Centre is undertaking to meet the needs of this community. 

Periodicals

Naniiliqpita

Magazine published by Nunavut Tunngavik, the Inuit land claims organization,  which contains general information on Inuit of Canada (Inuit knowledge, life, etc.)

Nipiit

A very popular magazine produced by the National Inuit Youth Council (NIYC),  aimed at Inuit youth.

 

Websites

IBC - Inuit Broadcasting Corporation

Video clips of IBC programs on Inuit life today.  Suitable for elementary to High School.

Inuit Cultural Online Resource

From the website: “This site was created to provide a central location online to learn about Canadian Inuit culture. This site is designed to serve as a resource for Canadian school age children and their teachers. It's purpose is to offer new a different ways of learning about Inuit culture and what it means to be Inuit.” 

Includes information about contemporary and traditional Inuit culture, history, and teaching resources. (All grades)

Inuit Knowledge Centre

From the Website: "The goal of the newly established Inuit Qaujisarvingat (kow-yee-sar-ving-at), Inuit Knowledge Centre, is to bridge the gap between Inuit knowledge and western science and build capacity among Inuit to respond to global interests in Arctic issues." Suitable for Junior High and High School levels.

Learning Inuktitut

The website of the Pirurvik Center - from the website - "Pirurvik, meaning "a place of growth" is a unique, non-government centre of learning dedicated to Inuit Language, Culture and Wellbeing."

Ottawa Children's Centre

A great website for learning about Inuit cultural, the Inuktitut language (language of Inuit) and about Inuit life.  A project of the Ottawa Children's Center and funded by Heritage Canada.

Museum of Inuit Art (MIA)

From the MIA's website:  " The Museum of Inuit Art, serves as a non-profit, permanent museum whose primary function is to ethically acquire, conserve, research, communicate and exhibit for the purpose of studym, educationm and enjoyment, material evidence of the history of Inuit art and culture in the Canadian Arctic."

The MIA is located in Toronto, southern Canada's only public museum devoted exclusively to the display of art made by Inuit, offers school visits and educational programs, and publishes a semi-annual magazine devoted to the museum, its collections and its visitors.  (Grades 1 and up)

Peary MacMillan Arctic Museum and Arctic Studies Center (Bowdoin College)

The museum, located on the Bowdoin College campus in Brunswick, Maine, hosts a permanent collection built around material donated by Donald B. MacMillan during his career as an Arctic explorer and researcher. Historic Inuit artifacts and a significant collection of contemporary art and craft from across the Arctic can be found. Experience the museum through their online image collection.

Takuginai (pronounced Tah-kew-gee-nye)

This website is an extension of the popular children's program produced by IBC- the Inuit Broadcasting Corporation featuring puppets such as Johnny the Lemming, Malaiya, Isaaci, Puuki and Meesee. The Inuit version of Sesame Street.  A great way of learning about Inuit life today. Suitable for Elementary and Junior levels.

"We Were So Far Away...": The Inuit Experience of Residential Schools

From the website:  Seeing a need to portray the unique Inuit experience of residential schools, the Legacy of Hope Foundation developed the "We were so far away…”: The Inuit Experience of Residential Schools exhibition in 2007.  

Eight Survivors, two from each of the Inuit geographic regions – Nunavik, Nunavut, Nunatsiavut and the Inuvialuit Settlement Region – courageously and generously shared their stories with the LHF in May 2008.  The curator then developed an exhibition that presents the individual recollections of these Survivors in their own words, illustrated with their personal photographs and objects, and is contextualized by historical images gathered from archives across Canada".

Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit Adventure Website

An interactive website that allows you to explore and learn about Inuit life from the Inuit of Nunavut. In both English and Inuktitut.

Zacharias Kunuk

From the Isuma TV website: "b. 1957, Kapuivik, near Igloolik) won the Camera d'Or at Cannes 2001 for Isuman's first feature, Atanarjuat The Fast Runner.  He is president of Igloolik Isuma Productions, Canada's first Inuit-owned, independent, production company, co-founded in 1990 with the late Paul Akpak, the last Pauloosie Qulitalik and Norman Cohn.

Cost of Food In the Artic

Food is much more expensive for shoppers in the Arctic. This online tool shows how much more expensive by playing this guessing game.

Nanisiniq: Arviat History Project

From the website: "Beginning in 2010 in Arviat Nunavut, the Nanisiniq Arviat History Project is a multi-media history project which brings together Inuit youth and Elders to re-discover Inuit history."

The Arctic Institute: Center for Circumpolar Security Studies

The website for the Arctic Institute, an interdisciplinary, independent think tank focused on Arctic policy issues.

Articles and Texts

Inuuqatigiit: The Curriculum from the Inuit Perspective

Image of Inuuqatigiit: The Curriculum from the Inuit Perspective cover

Lighting the Qulliq

From the website: "Lighting the Qulliq, a film by Gemini award-winning producer Mark Sandiford, summarizes the history, development, evolution, and evaluation of the first Master of Education program offered in Nunavut from October 2006 to July 2009."

Going Places: Preparing Inuit High School Students for a Changing Wider World

From the website:"Going Places: Preparing Inuit High School Students for a Changing Wider World is a new documentary video based on research documenting factors contributing to student graduation from the high schools in Pangnirtung and Clyde River, Nunavut.

ArcticNet 2012-13 Research - Student Interviews

From the website: "This spring from February to March, 2012, Kerri Wheatley and Mark Sandiford travelled to Pangnirtung, Rankin Inlet and Kugluktuk, Nunavut. Kerri and Mark were working with Fiona Walton on her ArcticNet funded research exploring high school education in Nunavut. In the three communities, Mark offered film workshops and Kerri interviewed Nunavut youth between the ages of 18-25 on their experiences in education.

Stay tuned this summer, as the team produces a documentary video featuring these strong Nunavut youth."

Urban Inuit: Nomads from the Arctic find new home in Canada's capital

Aljazeera America, By Leyland Cecco, November 23, 2014

Video Games 

Never Alone

From the website, “Never Alone (Kisima Ingitchuna) is the first game developed in collaboration with the Iñupiat, an Alaska Native people. Nearly 40 Alaska Native elders, storytellers and community members contributed to the development of the game. Play as a young Iñupiat girl and an arctic fox as they set out to find the source of the eternal blizzard which threatens the survival of everything they have ever known. Guide both characters in single-player mode or play cooperatively with a friend or family member as you trek through frozen tundra, leap across treacherous ice floes, swim through underwater ice caverns, and face numerous enemies both strange and familiar in the journey to save the girl’s village. In this atmospheric puzzle platformer, you will explore awe-inspiring environments, perform heroic deeds, and meet legendary characters from Iñupiaq stories — all narrated by a master storyteller in the spoken Iñupiaq language.”

Los Angeles Times – “‘Never Alone’ Game Smartly Explores Alaska Native Tribal Lore”

By Todd Martens, November 2014

An article looking at the ideas behind and creation of “Never Alone”.

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