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Adaptive Instruction for Teacher Education: Inclusive Approaches, Resources and Technology
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Intellectual Exceptionality:



Ministry Definition... An unusually advanced degree of general intellectual ability that requires differentiated learning experiences of a depth and breadth beyond those normally provided in the regular school program to satisfy the level of educational potential indicated.

  • The identification of a student as being gifted is usually based on the IQ scored on a test of intelligence.
  • However, there are many factors, which are or can be taken into account in the identification of giftedness.  Factors such as creativity, leadership may also be indicators of giftedness.
  • Programming for the gifted may include enrichment  or acceleration of the curriculum.
  • It is important, however, to remember that gifted intellectual development, does not mean that these students will be more advanced then their peers socially and emotionally

Some Educational Implications

Students identified as gifted require differentiated program considerations in a variety of subject areas that take into account critical and creative thinking skills, problem solving skills, organizational skills, inquiry and research skills, and interpersonal and intrapersonal skills.

Students who are gifted may find the pace of the class relatively slow for them.
However, one should not assume that students who are gifted have all of the background information of the topic. 

Tiered lessons can be well utilized to differentiate instruction for them.

It is also important to remember that gifted student require as much support as other in the class. 

The Ontario Curriculum Unit Planner provides some teaching strategies related to these areas.


To Do

What difficulties or challenges will a student who is gifted face  in the regular class?

Think of how you teach, or think of a lesson you have taught and then generate a list of things that would or might pose a difficulty for these students.

Then in discussion with others, generate teaching strategies that can be used to:

  • Differentiate Instruction for the gifted.
  • What Adaptive Technology would assist these students?