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Adaptive Instruction for Teacher Education: Inclusive Approaches, Resources and Technology
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Intellectual Exceptionality:

Moderate Intellectual Disability (M.I.D.)


Ministry Definition… a learning disorder characterized by:

  • An ability to profit educationally within a regular class with the aid of considerable curriculum modification and supportive services;
  • Or an inability to profit educationally within a regular class because of slow intellectual development;
  • A potential for academic learning independent social adjustment and economic self-support – M.I.D.;
  • An ability or an inability to profit educationally within a regular class because of slow intellectual development.


  • Students with moderate developmental delays do well in programs that are intellectually stimulating - and placement in a regular class will be dependent of the severity of the condition.
  • Special programming or placement in the regular class assists these students in being with other students who are socially appropriate and where mental stimulation can occur, even if curriculum expectations need to be modified. (Research has also shown that it is not damaging to the higher functioning students.)
  • However the pace of the class may move to quickly for them.
  • The language structure and vocabulary may be too complex and so these students may  have difficulty following or contributing class discussions.
  • The language in reading materials especially in content rich subjects may be challenging when the student lacks background information, or there are demands on higher level thinking and conceptualization e.g. inferencing and seeing cause and effect relationships.
  • However, there are many students in this MID group or students who have just slightly lower than average IQ scores who do very well at school, as they may be able to learn rote-learned tasks.  Spelling, basic math skills and the ability to write neatly and comply with work assignments are often fulfilled and as a result they are able to attain passing grades.


To Do

Can you generate ideas about how you can differentiate instruction for these students as well as what adaptive technology be used to modify programming for these students so that they will successful at school?

Specifically what technology can be used to assist in developing vocabulary, and language structures, help students develop and expand ideas or give additional practice?