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Earl Woodruff

Earl Woodruff
Associate Professor
Chair, Applied Psychology and Human Development

phone: (416) 978-1068

Applied Psychology and Human Development
Curriculum, Teaching and Learning

Centre for Applied Cognitive Science
Dr. Eric Jackman Institute of Child Study
Institute for Knowledge, Innovation and Technology

Research Overview

Dr. Woodruff was appointed new Chair of the Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development for a five-year term beginning July 1, 2015.

His scholarship and teaching focus on computer supported learning environments and flexible modes of education; technology, play and gaming. His recent research interests have incorporated investigations into emotion and cognitive engagement. In this work, computerized real-time measurement of facial expressions is used to improve academic performance with higher levels of engagement through the real-time monitoring of student emotions-emotions directly linked to academic learning, classroom instruction, and achievement. He anticipates that this research will lead to greater understanding of engagement in learning, and provide a means to help students regulate their own learning, manage learning anxiety, and experience knowledge building as fun--factors likely to encourage them to stay in school, and lead to other results of significant value to education.

In applied practice, Dr. Woodruff is interested in initial education and the development of the teacher as a practitioner/researcher.

Teaching Overview

Dr. Woodruff's specialty course:

CTL1923S: a course designed to look at the role technology plays in the context of learning and knowledge-building.

Representative Publications

Buono, S., Zdravkovic, A., Lazic, M., & Woodruff, E. (2020) The Effect of Emotions on Self-Regulated-Learning (SRL) and Story Comprehension in Emerging Readers. Front. Educ. 5:588043. doi: 10.3389/feduc.2020.588043

Moreno, M., Schnabel, R., Lancia, G., & Woodruff, E. (2020). Between Text and Platforms: A Case Study on the Real-Time Emotions & Psychophysiological Indicators of Video Gaming and Academic Engagement. Education and Information Technologies Journal, (25)3, 2073- 2099.
Moreno, M., & Woodruff, E. (2018). Screens, Cameras, Glasses and Gadgets: A New Model for Knowledge, Learning and ‘Self’ in the Age of Wearable and Virtual Learning. The International Journal on Technology, Knowledge & Society, 14(4), 1-17 3669/CGP/v14i04/1-17 
Hu, C. S., Ferrari, M., Wang, Q., & Woodruff, E. (2017). Thin-slice measurement of wisdom. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1378. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01378
Birch, H., and Woodruff, E. (2017) Technical exercise practice: Can piano students be motivated through gamification? The Journal of Music, Technology, and Education. V10(1). 
Park, H., Nielsen, W., & Woodruff, E. (2014) Students' conceptions of the nature of science: Perspectives from Canadian and Korean middle school students. Science and Education, (23) 1169-1196. DOI: 10.1007/s11191-013-9613-6  

Woodruff, E., & Nirula, L. (2005). Design research in the elementary school classroom. In Encyclopedia of distance learning (pp. 510-517). IGI Global.

Nason, R., & Woodruff, E. (2004). Online collaborative learning in mathematics: Some necessary innovations. In T. Roberts (Ed.), Online collaborative learning: Theory and practice (pp. 103-131). London: Infosci.

Fong, C., & Woodruff, E. (2003) Web-Based Video and Frame Theory in the Professional Development of Teachers: Some Implications for Distance Education. Distance Education 24(2), 195-211.

Andrews, G., Woodruff, E., MacKinnon, K., & Yoon, S. (2003). Introducing "thinking tags" to kindergarten children through a dental health simulation. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 19, 209-219.

Woodruff, E. (2002). CSCL communities in post-secondary education and cross-cultural settings. In T. Koschmann, R. Hall, & N. Miyake (Eds.), CSCL II: Carrying forward the conversation (pp. 157-168). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.


Research Grants and Contracts

2016-2021 Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
Title: Academic Emotion, student engagement and online knowledge building.
(PI with J. Hewitt, Bereiter, C., & Scardamalia, M.

2013-2014 Mitacs-Accelerate Scientific Outcome
Title: Exploring the digital divide: The use of digital tools in Ontario public schools
Supervisor for Bodong Chen

2010-2013 Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
Title: Toward the Synergistic Integration of Computer-Mediated Communication and Wikis
(Co-PI with J. Hewitt)

2005-2008 Australian Research Council Grant
Title: Technological and Collaborative Supports for Student Mathematical Model Building
(Co-I with R. Nason, R. Lesh)
$233,577 (AU$)

2001-2008 Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
Beyond best practice: Research-based innovation in learning and knowledge work
(Co-I with M. Scardamalia (PI), Bereiter, C. Choo, J. Hewitt, T. Laferriere,
J. Mylopoulos, K. ONeill)

2001-2003 Australian Research Council Grant
Title: Overcoming the impass: Creating computer-supported collaborative-learning
(Co-I with R. Nason, R. Lesh)
$90,500 (AU$)