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Marg Schneider
Associate Professor

phone: (416) 978-0684
email: MARGARET.SCHNEIDER@UTORONTO.CA  
email: margaret.schneider@utoronto.ca

Department: Applied Psychology and Human Development



Research Overview

Major areas of research and teaching:

Sexual orientation and gender
Professional ethics
Human-animal interaction/ Companion animals and mental health

For over 25 years, my primary area of research, writing, and practice has been sexual orientation and gender variance. I am particularly interested in psychosocial issues for lesbian, gay and bisexual adolescents and young adults. My current research concerns the impact of sexual orientation on academic and career choices. Building on some of my earlier work, one of my doctoral students will be conducting a study of the ways in which the coming out process has changed over the last 50 years especially in response to changing social contexts.

I have a long-standing interest in professional ethics that began with my Master’s thesis, subsequently published. It was an analysis of ethical issues in social psychological research, particularly the use of deception. For over 15 years I have sat on the Education Research Ethics Board (chair for three years) and, later the Social Sciences, Humanities and Education Research Ethics Board, which I chaired for over three years. Self-care as a foundation for competent practice is an interest of mine and one of my doctoral students will be conducting a study of self-care practices and their impact on psychotherapists.

Lastly, I have been fortunate to be able to link my research with my personal interest in human-animal interaction (HAI), particularly involving dogs and horses. The study of HAI is an interdisciplinary area that encompasses all aspects of the relationships between humans and animals. My students and I have conducted studies of the impact of the presence of a dog on how psychotherapists are perceived, the mental health benefits of riding for disabled people, and grief following the loss of a companion animal.



Teaching Overview

APD1219 Ethical Issues in Professional Practice in Psychology

This course is an introduction to ethics in the professional practice of psychology. It covers issues encountered in counselling, assessment, and research as well as in teaching and organizational and community psychology. By the end of the course students will be able to: a) identify ethical issues that arise in a variety of settings, b) analyze ethical dilemmas and arrive at a solution, c) identify the resources available for ethical decision-making, c) identify and utilize the codes, standards, and legislation that are relevant to ethical decision-making.

APD1263 Seminar in Research Methods for MA students

Research is like a story and like a house. Just as a story has a beginning, middle and ending, a thesis begins with all the themes, issues, problems and hopes that are threads that run through the story. They are processed in the middle and resolved or otherwise tied up at the end. This course helps students identify those threads and keep them organized throughout the “plot.” Like a house, research must be built on a solid foundation of theory, concepts, and previous work. The construction, that is, the purpose, hypotheses, and methodology always relate back to the foundation. And the results and discussion tie it all together, like a roof. With these metaphors in mind, this course provides the concepts and skills needed to complete a research proposal and thesis. Students have opportunities to develop their ideas and problem-solve through class discussion, critical analysis of journal articles and by meeting guest speakers who present their own research.



Representative Publications

Schneider, M., & Roberts, J. (2016). Occupational stress among employees in animal shelters. Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin, 4(1), 19-36.

Schneider, M., & Pilchak Harley, L. (2016) The impact of therapeutic riding for people with disabilities on variables related to mental health. Anthrozoös, 29:1, 59-72, DOI: 10.1080/08927936.2015.1069987

St. John, A., Travers, R, Munro, L., Liboro, R., Schneider, M. & Grieg, C. (2014). The success of Gay-Straight Alliances in Waterloo Region, Ontario: A confluence of political and social factors. Journal of LGBT Youth, 11(2), 150-170.

Schneider, M., & Travers. (2012). Homophobic bullying and gay straight alliances. In I. Rivers (ed.) Discourses on Bullying, Gender and Sexual Orientation. Oxford.

Bolton, M., & Schneider, M. (2010). Relational influences on condom use discontinuation: A qualitative study of young adult women in dating relationships. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 19(3), 79-90.

Schneider, M., & Dimito, A. (2010). Factors influencing the career and academic development of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. Journal of Homosexuality, 57, 1355-1369.

Schneider, M., & Dimito, A. (2008). Educators’ beliefs about raising LGBT issues in the schools. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Education, 5(4), 49-66.

Schneider, M., & Harley, L.P. (2006). How dogs influence the evaluation of psychotherapists. Anthrozoos, 19(1), 128-142.

Harper, G., & Schneider, M. (2003). Theory and research in community-based approaches to lesbian, gay, and bisexual issues: An introduction to the special issue. American Journal of Community Psychology, 31(3/4), 243-252.

Schneider, M., Baker, S., & Stermac, L. (2002). Sexual harassment experiences of psychologists and psychological associates during their graduate school training. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 11(3-4), 159-170).

Schneider, M., & Witherspoon, J.J. (2000). Friendship patterns among lesbian and gay youth: An exploratory study. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 9(4), 239-246.

Schneider, M. (1989). Sappho was a right-on adolescent: Growing up lesbian. Journal of Homosexuality, 17(1/2), 111-130. (Reprinted in Journal of Lesbian Studies, Special Issue: Classics in Lesbian Studies: Part I, 1(1), 69-85, 1997)

Schneider, M. (2001). Ethics and the professional responsibilities of counsellors. In W.E. Schultz (Ed.), Counselling Ethics Casebook 2000. Ottawa: Canadian Counselling Association.

Phillips, S., & Schneider, M. (1993). Sexual harassment of female doctors by patients. New England Journal of Medicine, 329(26), 1936-39.

Schneider, M., & Phillisp (1997). A qualitative study of sexual harassment of female family doctors by patients. Social Science and Medicine, 45(5), 669-676.

Honours and Awards

Fellow, American Psychological Association, Conferred, 2002.

Fellow, Society for Community Research and Action (Division 27, American Psychological Association). Conferred, 2002.

Fellow, Society for the Study of Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Issues (Division 44, American Psychological Association). Conferred, 2003.

Outstanding Achievement Award. Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Concerns, Public Interest Directorate, American Psychological Association, 2009.

Outstanding Achievement Citation. Sex Information and Education Council of Canada. 2009.

University of Toronto Research Ethics Service Award, 2012.