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Deepening Knowledge.

Health and Physical Education



Tom Longboat

Longboat has been called the greatest marathon runner of all time, and one of the greatest Canadian athletes that ever lived. Another article on Longboat.

Alwyn Morris

Olympic Gold Medalist in canoeing, 1984

Brigette Lacquette 

Team Canada. First Indigenous woman to be named to Canada's National Women's Team. 

Janice Forsythe

Supporting Aboriginal Athletes

Mary Spencer

Olympic Boxer

Joe Keeper

4th in 10,000 meter Canada's best Olympic resutlt. First Native player in NHL

Sharon and Shirley Firth

Cross–country skiing

Jesse Cockney

Cross country skiing

Bryan Trottier

NHL Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame

Fred Sasakamoose

First Nations player in NHL

Carey Price

First Nations player in NHL

More First Nations NHL Players


Obesity- Aboriginal People in Canada

From the website: Obesity is an important health issue among First Nations, Inuit and Métis populations. Self-reported data from 2007 show that obesity rates are higher among off-reserve Aboriginal adults compared to non-Aboriginal people (24.8% vs. 16.6%). Indeed, self-reported data from the 2002/03 First Nations Regional Longitudinal Health Survey demonstrate that prevalence of obesity is particularly high among on-reserve First Nations people: 31.8% of adult men, 41.1% of adult women, 14.0% of youth and 36.2% of children were considered obese.

Canadian Aboriginal Athletes Back Australian Boxer's T-Shirt Stunt

From the website: But four-time Canadian Olympian Sharon Firth, a member of the Dene Nation who competed for Canada in the 1970s and 1980s, said Wednesday that she applauds Hooper for standing up for indigenous people worldwide.

Achievements of National Athletes

From the website: Other Canadian Aboriginal Olympians are:

Sharon and Shirley Firth (Gwich’in), twin sisters who competed in the 1972, 1976, 1980 and 1984 Games in cross-country skiing;
Theoren Fleury (Métis/Cree), who won a gold medal in 2002 in ice hockey,
Carolyn Darbyshire-McRorie (Métis), who won a silver medal in curling in 2010.
Waneek Horn-Miller (Mohawk) co-captained the Canadian Women’s water polo team at the 2000 Sydney Olympics.

First Nations & Inuit Health- Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is a health concern among Canada's First Nations and Inuit. First Nations on reserve have a rate of diabetes three to five times higher than that of other Canadians. Rates of diabetes among the Inuit are expected to rise significantly in the future given that risk factors such as obesity, physical inactivity, and unhealthy eating patterns are high.

Suicide Among Aboriginal People in Canada

From the document: This report was prepared under contract with the Aboriginal Healing Foundation, and supported by grants from the Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec, the Conseil québecois de la recherche sociale, and the Institute for Aboriginal Peoples Health of the Canadian Institutes for Health Research. These agencies, however, bear no responsibility for its content. 

From the document: Prepared by by Kahui Tautoko Consulting Ltd for the Fraser Region Aboriginal Youth Suicide Prevention Collaborative.
This report was adapted from the document Strengthening the Safety Net: a Report on the Suicide Prevention, intervention and Postvention Initiative for BC (2009). It has been adapted for a Fraser region perspective.

Current Approaches to Aboriginal Youth Suicide Prevention

From the document: This review was undertaken under a contract with the First Nations and Inuit Health Branch of Health Canada by Laurence Kirmayer with the assistance of staff and students attached to the Culture and Mental Health Research Unit (CMHRU) of the Department of Psychiatry, Jewish General Hospital. The CMHRU conducts research on the mental health of Indigenous peoples, mental health services for immigrants and refugees, cultural determinants of health behaviors, psychiatry in medicine, and the anthropology of psychiatry. The CMHRU is the lead centre for the National Network for Aboriginal Mental Health Research (NAMHR), which greatly facilitated this work. 

Aboriginal Mental Health: The statistical reality


Books / Journals


A Journal of Aboriginal and Indigenous Community Health

The Gathering Tree

By Larry Loyie and Constance Brissenden




Nunavut Food Guide

Centre for Indigenous Peoples’ Nutrition and Environment

From the site: The Centre for Indigenous Peoples' Nutrition and Environment (CINE), located on McGill University's Macdonald Campus in Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, is an independent, multi-disciplinary research and education center created by Canada's Aboriginal leaders for participatory research and education to address their concerns about the integrity of their traditional food systems. 

Métis Cookbook and Guide to Healthy Living, Second Edition

Eating Well with Canada's Food Guide - First Nations, Inuit and Métis

From the website: Moose stew? Char? Blueberries? Bannock? For the first time, a national food guide has been created which reflects the values, traditions and food choices of First Nations, Inuit and Métis. This new tailored food guide includes both traditional foods and store-bought foods that are generally available, affordable and accessible across Canada and provides unique images and content.

Lesson Plans

Racism in Sports Teams Trademarks

by Mohini Athia, 2012. 

Powerpoint presentation with accompanying ISU.  Presented at the "Kimaaciihtoomin e-anishinaabe-kikinoo’amaageyak/Beginning to teach in an indigenous way” 2012 Conference.

Mi'kmaq Creation Story

Mi'kmaq Nation Lesson Plan 
(Grades 1-6; Level Primary/Junior) Subject Strands: Language Arts, Drama, Social Studies, Science, Health

Aboriginal Physical Education

Teaching materials and lesson plans that incorporate Aboriginal perspectives and content into the Physical Educational Program. (for Grades 6-9 from the Saskatchewan Teachers Federation)



National Aboriginal Health Organization (NAHO)

This is a direct link to their site’s section on health news.

Image of an Inuit athlete performing a high kick.Inuit Games and Sport

From the website: Inuit love competition and sport as much as anyone. Sports around the world unite people in frenship and friendly competition. In the case of Inuit games primarily were born from two different needs. The first being a neccesity to be strong, fit and agile which improved hunting and survivability in northern regions.  The stronger and more fit you are the better you able able to fight illness, traverse distances, maintain mental discliple etc. The other need for many of the games entertained those during long hours out on the land, especially during long periods of darkness.

Canadian Aboriginal AIDS Network (CAAN)

CAAN Mandate and Mission:  The Canadian Aboriginal AIDS Network (CAAN) is a not-for-profit coalition of individuals and organizations which provides leadership, support and advocacy for Aboriginal people living with and affected by HIV/AIDS, regardless of where they reside.

Taking Action! Art and Aboriginal Youth Leadership for HIV Prevention

The Taking Action! Project: Art and Aboriginal Youth Leadership for HIV Prevention is a national project working with six Aboriginal communities across Canada.

Setting up First Nations Health Programs

A Cree Perspective on Gathering Community Input for Physical Activity

Native Youth and Sexual Health Network

The Native Youth Sexual Health Network (NYSHN) is an organization by and for Indigenous youth that works within the full spectrum of sexual and reproductive health, rights, and justice across the United States and Canada.

Anishnawbe Health Toronto

Anishnawbe Health is a recognized community health centre, focusing on the needs of Aboriginal communities in Toronto.  Proffered services include consultations with Elders, Medecine People, and Traditional Healers.

The Arctic Winter Games

The Arctic Winter Games is a high profile circumpolar sport competition for northern and arctic athletes.  The Games provide an opportunity to strengthen sport development in the participants’ jurisdictions, to promote the benefits of sport, to build partnerships, and to promote culture and values.  The Games celebrate sport, social exchange and cultures. The Games provide an opportunity for the developing athlete to compete in friendly competition while sharing cultural values from northern regions around the world.

Video clip: Alaska High Kick 2013

Living Traditions

Museums honour the North American Indigenous Games

The Cree & Ojibway Indian Hockey Tour

Food Traditions Interview

In this lesson, students interview an elder or someone from another culture to learn about foods in different times or places. This gives students broader insight for thinking critically about their own food choices.

Lacrosse - Link to our resource page

Ontario Aboriginal Sport Circle (OASC)

Aboriginal Team Ontario is a non-profit organization. Support the Aboriginal Youth in your communities! All proceeds are strictly used for supporting athlete participation in the North American Hockey Championships 2010 and forward, North American Indigenous Games 2014, and the North American Indigenous Sports Championships 2012.

Aboriginal Sport and Wellness Council of Ontario

From the website: The Aboriginal Sport and Wellness Council of Ontario's stated mission as the Provincial Territorial Aboriginal Sport Body for Ontario, is to promote the physical, emotional and cultural well-being of Ontario's Aboriginal people through increased participation in sports, recreation and cultural activities. ASWCO's offers training, certification and support programs and events for Aboriginal coaches and athletes across Ontario and manages the Team Ontario entries in both the North American Indigenous Games and the National Aboriginal Hockey Championships.

North American Indigenous Games

From the website: The North American Indigenous Games (NAIG) Council is the International Governing Body for the NAIG exercising exclusive jurisdication, either directly or through its affiliate members or committees, over all matters pertaining to the Games. It ensures the purposes and philosophies are reflected in all aspects of the games.

Residential Schools and Hockey

CBC News, The National, 12 min. 12 s

From the website: "Duncan McCue explores how hockey provides an outlet for many aboriginals in the country's residential school system."


Traditional Aboriginal Health Practices

From the website: "Phil Mechuskosis L'Hirondelle, Cree, is a sundancer and educator in Vancouver. He travels internationally to share teachings that help to heal and guide a sacred way of walking through this life."



An Internet news site dedicated to Aboriginal sport and athletes.

Anishnawbe Health Toronto

From the website: Anishnawbe Health Toronto (AHT) is a vision of the late Elder, Joe Sylvester. Initial efforts began with a diabetes research project, which realised that a more comprehensive approach to health care was needed by the Aboriginal community. In response, Anishnawbe Health Resources was incorporated in 1984. One of its objectives stated, "To recover, record and promote Traditional Aboriginal practices where possible and apporporiate."

Our Voice First Nations, Métis, and Inuit GBA

From the website: Our Voices is an Aboriginal-specific sex- and gender-based analysis (ASGBA) toolkit that is culturally appropriate and reflective of important women’s health issues specific to First Nations, Métis, and Inuit populations. The toolkit includes data sources, reports, project summaries, case study analyses, and other examples of ASGBA that have been applied to specific issues and populations of Aboriginal people. Building capacity and improving access to First Nations, Métis, and Inuit populations better informs Aboriginal women’s health policy development and improves the care provided to women across these diverse cultural groups.

Aboriginal Act Now

The National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health

From the website: The National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health (NCCAH) is a national Aboriginal organization established in 2005 by the Government of Canada and funded through the Public Health Agency of Canada to support First Nations, Inuit, and Métis public health renewal and health equity through knowledge translation and exchange. The NCCAH is hosted by the University of Northern BC (UNBC) in Prince George, BC.

The Ontario Federation of Indian Friendship Centres

From the website: The Ontario Federation of Indigenous Friendship Centres (OFIFC) is a provincial Aboriginal organization representing the collective interests of member Friendship Centres located in towns and cities across the province.  Friendship Centres are not-for-profit corporations which are mandated to serve the needs of all Aboriginal people regardless of legal definition, and are the primary service delivery agents for Aboriginal people requiring culturally-sensitive and culturally-appropriate services in urban communities.

Aboriginal Healing and Wellness Strategy

From the website: The ministry promotes healthy Aboriginal communities through the Aboriginal Healing and Wellness Strategy. The Strategy combines traditional and mainstream programs and services to help improve Aboriginal health and reduce family violence.

Southwest Ontario Aboriginal Health Access Centre

From the website: We strive to provide quality, wholistic health services by sharing and promoting traditional and western health practices to enable people to live in a more balanced state of well-being. The Centre services on and off reserve, status, non-status, and Metis Aboriginal populations of the Southwest Ontario region and associate First Nations with the mandate of ensuring that health services are accessible, of high quality and culturally appropriate.

National Aboriginal Health Organization

From the website: The National Aboriginal Health Organization is a knowledge based organization that excels in the advancement and promotion of health and well-being of all First Nations, Inuit and Métis individuals, families and communities.

At^lohsa Native Family Healing Services Inc. 

Association of Ontario Health Centres

From the website: The Association of Ontario’s Health Centres (AOHC) is Ontario’s voice for community-governed primary health care. We represent over 108 community-governed primary health care organizations. Our membership includes Ontario’s Community Health Centres, Aboriginal Health Access Centres, Community Family Health Teams and Nurse Practitioner-Led Clinics.

The Ontario Women's Health Network

From the website: The Ontario Women's Health Network (OWHN) is a network of individuals and organizations that promotes women's health. OWHN works with women, health and social service providers, community organizations and others to support equitable, accessible and effective health services for all women in Ontario. Our mission is to link women to health information and resources; and to address the health and healthcare barriers faced by women in Ontario, particularly women who are marginalized, through our research and advocacy work.

Native Women's Association of Canada

From the website: The Native Women’s Association of Canada (NWAC) works to advance the well-being of Aboriginal women and girls, as well as their families and communities through activism, policy analysis and advocacy. Aboriginal women continue to experience discrimination on multiple grounds and in various complex forms and from various sources, including from individuals, businesses, and governments. NWAC was incorporated in 1974 and is one of the five officially recognized National Aboriginal Organizations (NAOs) whose purpose is to represent and speak, at the national level, on behalf of Aboriginal women in Canada.


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