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Deepening Knowledge.

Contemporary Experiences and Issues



Dramatic rise in Maskwacis suicide rate creates 'critical crisis'

CBC News, By Terry Reith and Briar Stewart, May 20, 2015

Three Big "Whoppers" told about the Ring of Fire

CBC News, by Jody Porter, October 15, 2015

Ring of Fire requires greater cooperation

The Daily Press (Timmins), by Thomas Perry, January 23, 2015

Eleven Facts About the Gap Between First Nations and the Rest of Canada

By Sherrill Sutherland, the Globe and Mail; February 2015

RCMP Find No Evidence of Women Sold On Ships

CBC News, November 20, 2013

8 key issues for Aboriginal people in Canada

From "Working Effectively with Aboriginal Peoples" Blog, posted by Bob Joseph, September 10, 2012

Why is Ottawa consigning First Nations to inferior education?

Globe and Mail, By Hayden King, December 11, 2013

Good News From Canada’s Aboriginal Communities

The Toronto Star, by Carole Goar, December 15, 2013

Idle No More: Held in Trust

West Coast Native News, by Elyse Bruce, February 2, 2013. 

Idle No More: More About That FN Trust

From "ElyseBruce.wordpress.com", by Elyse Bruce, June 21, 2013.

Indian Moneys Program

Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, September 15, 2010. 

Manual for the Administration of Band Moneys

Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, July 3, 2015. 

Indian Oil and Gas Canada - Frequently Asked Questions

Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, April 30, 2014.

Illustrations tell story of Marlene Bird

CBC News, January 20 2015. From the article: "Cree woman was beaten and set on fire last June but survived and has finally found a home." 

Wikwemikong's Joseph Pitawanakwat teaches plants can heal

CBC News, February 3, 2015. 


The Idiot's Guide to First Nations Taxation

From the Blog in The Huffington Post: by Chelsea Vowel, Métis from Lac Ste. Anne, Alberta, BEd, LLB

Ruby's Story

This blog by âpihtawikosisân discusses the experiences of a First Nations seven-year-old student in Grade 2 when she decided to present information about residential schools for a class assignment.  Ruby (a pseudonym) wanted to share information about why she doesn't speak her First Nations language, and "the effects Indian Residential School has had on her family and community in terms of language."  Her choice of topic was met with disapproval and criticism by her teacher.

Film & VIdeo

Raven's Quest

A series of 7 minute episodes from TVO kids. Each highlights the daily life of an Indigenous child living in Canada, featuring regular fun activities and cultural highlights.

Staking Claim: First Nations Brace as Miners Target Ontario's North

From the website: Staking Claim is a multi-part series exploring the proposed Ontario Ring of Fire mining development in Ontario and how the First Nations communities are preparing for economic activity and the environmental and societal consequences of Canada's next resource rush.

Aboriginal Architecture Living Architecture

Directed by Paul M. Rickard, 2005 (92 min 47 s)

A fascinating look at the contemporary architecture of seven Native communities.


Directed by Dominique Keller and Tom Jackson, 2008 (13 min 59 s)

From the NFB website: "Aboriginality follows an urban youth as he heads down the mystical Red Road, where the sweet grass grows, to reconnect with and be inspired by both new and traditional elements of First Nations culture".Grade Level: Grades 7–12, College, Adult

Brave New River

Directed by Nicholas Renaud, MC2 COMMUNICATION MÉDIA, 2012 (68 min)

From the movie website: "A trip along the Rupert River just after it was diverted. Unlike conflicts of the past, Crees are now involved in the new hydro power project in James Bay, following the signing of "The Peace of the Brave". A look at different forms of relationship with nature, at the paradoxes of development and the meeting between two worlds." View the trailer.

Got Land? We, WE, Should All Be Thankful  

Youtube, By Stan Wesley, 2014, 4 min 31 s

Stan Wesley looks at the importance of acknowledging traditional lands in Canada.


First Nations Child & Family Caring Society of Canada's Report on Education for Reconciliation and Social Justice: School Resources

Several reports that address how teachers can bring reconciliation initiatives like Shannen’s Dream, Jordan’s Principle and the “I am a Witness” campaign into classrooms.  The reports offer specific subject areas these initiatives can be included in, and maintains that placing a focus on social justice is central to working towards reconciliation in the classroom.  They also provide links to additional school and teacher resources as well as information about ongoing projects that schools can become a part of.

First Peoples, Second Class Treatment

Prepared by: Dr. Billie Allan & Dr. Janet Smylie; published February 3rd, 2015

From the website: "This paper explores the role of racism in the health and well-being of Indigenous peoples in Canada. It provides an overview of the historical and contemporary contexts of racism which have historically, and continue to, negatively shape the life choices and chances of Indigenous people in this country.

People for Education Report 2013 - First Nations, Metis and Inuit Education: Overcoming Gaps in Provincially Funded Schools 

From the report: "Aboriginal education is not just for Aboriginal students. All of Ontario’s students should know about the long and complex history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples in Canada, and all students should have a deep understanding of historical and contemporary First Nations, Métis and Inuit culture, perspectives, and experiences."


Amnesty Research Mission to northeastern BC

Every year women from Fort St. John travel to Ottawa with a banner listing the missing and murdered women and girls in their community—and every year the banner includes more names. This is why Amnesty International is currently carrying out a Fact-Finding mission to northeastern British Columbia from April 27-May 8. Follow our Researchers for updates.

Social Impact on Crees of James Bay Project

This webpage was created by the Grand Council of Crees to highlight the history, environmental and social impacts of the James Bay Project.

Four Arrows Newsletter on FNEA

Prepared by Treaty 2 and Treaty 8 First Nations, March 13, 2014

Canada's Federal Budget 2014 and the New First Nations Education Act:  A Four Arrows Summary of What's Happening 

Feathers of Hope First Nations Youth Action Plan

The Feathers of Hope First Nations Youth Action Plan is an effort undertaken by the Office of the Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth to mobilize First Nations young people in Ontario in shaping the change they want to see in creating healthier and safer communities across Ontario’s Northern, fly-in and remote communities. 

In March of 2013, youth from across Northern Ontario travelled to Thunder Bay to attend a three-day forum where they addressed different issues impacting their communities.  Over the course of these three days, the youth created presentations that were then delivered to officials from all three levels of Canadian government as well as representatives from municipal and provincial police.  These presentations included a contextualization of their different realities, as well as recommendations for government and police on how to approach partnerships and facilitate healing with First Nations people. Out of the dialogue that played out throughout the forum, came the youth-written action plan.

For students and teachers, Feathers of Hope provides a unique perspective into the impacts of history and colonialism on the current realities of First Nations Canada with a specific focus on Northern Ontario. Each section of the Feathers of Hope Youth Report is a stand-alone module addressing the complex issues impacting the lives of First Nations. The report addresses topics as diverse as Residential Schools, Language, Culture and Legacy Issues that continue to impact communities’ ability to move towards a path of healing and reconciliation.  The different sections of the report are written by youth for youth and each can be taught as a classroom lesson on contemporary First Nations realities.  The office of the provincial advocate for children and youth seeks to make the information in this report available and accessible to those looking to strengthen Ontario’s relationship with First Nations people.

Click Here to view the Feathers of Hope Youth Forum 2013 Documentary

Expressions of Aboriginal Youth - Resource Guide 

"This guide is designed to bring issues affecting Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people into the classroom in a manner that speaks directly to youth. It provides interactive exercises that help us gain a better understanding of Canadian history and begin to overcome misunderstandings, prejudices and fears that adversely affect all Canadians. Promoting the principle of peer education, this guide encourages youth to actively listen to and learn from each other."

Politics Based on Justice, Diplomacy Based on Love: What Indigenous Diplomatic Traditions Can Teach Us

From the website, "[...] many Canadians are supportive of a principled movement lead by Indigenous Peoples that addresses the protection of the land and the environmental, social, economic, and political issues facing Indigenous communities. If the resurgence of Indigenous political traditions is widely seen as the next step in decolonizing our relationship with Canada, it is critical that we understand and recognize the contemporary resilience and manifestations of Indigenous diplomacy. This kind of peacemaking is diplomacy based on love – the love of land and the love of our people – and this alone has the power to transform Indigenous-state relations into a relationship based on justice, respect, and responsibility."

#Stop Stealing Our Kids

This storify collection of tweets from Metis artist Christi Belcourt holds information about the current adoption practices in Manitoba with respect to Indigenous peoples.

Water Conditions

From thw website: Canada has abundant water, yet water in many indigenous communities in Ontario is not safe to drink, Human Rights Watch said in a new report today. The water on which many of Canada’s First Nations communities on lands known as reserves depend, is contaminated, hard to access, or at risk due to faulty treatment systems. The federal and provincial governments need to take urgent steps to address their role in this crisis.

David Suzuki Foundation: Year 1 Progress Toward Safe Drinking Water in Nine First Nations in Ontario

From the website: The David Suzuki Foundation assessed progress toward ending long-term DWAs in nine First Nations in Ontario. Data were compiled from interviews, meetings, conferences, reports and media releases, to assess the progress and challenges First Nations face in attaining clean and safe drinking water.

Water Protector

From the website: Autumn Peltier, a 13-year-old Anishinaabe girl from Wikwemikong First Nation, addresses world leaders at the United Nations about protecting water.


Native Hip-Hop

A website for Indigenous hip hop and rap artists.

Water: The Sacred Relationship

From the website: "For generations, the relationship between Aboriginal people and the rest of Canada has been damaged. Can water be the common ground that begins to reconcile this relationship?"  Site contains videos and curriculum resources to teach about water from Aboriginal perspectives.

Issues by Subject 

Northern Food Security

Chemical Valley-Aamjiwnaang

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