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Truth and Reconciliation Commission


Articles | Reports | Resources


Canada’s residential schools cultural genocide, Truth and Reconciliation commission says

by: Joanna Smith (June 2, 2015)

From the article: "The Truth and Reconciliation Commission's heart-wrenching and damning report is the culmination of a six-year examination of the history and legacy of residential schools."

Truth and Reconciliation Commission urges Canada to confront 'cultural genocide' of residential schools

by: CBC News (June 2, 2015)

From the article: "The summary of the final report, released today after years of hearings and testimony from thousands of residential school survivors and many others, makes many bold and potentially costly recommendations — not just to the different levels of government, but to schools, societies, churches and aboriginal governments.

The goal is to repair the relationship between aboriginal people and the rest of Canada."

Truth and reconciliation: Looking back on a landmark week for Canada

by: CBC News (June 6, 2015)

From the article: "Over six years the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) collected 6,740 statements from witnesses and recorded 1,355 hours of testimony. It all culminated in 94 recommendations presented in Ottawa this last week amidst four days of events and ceremonies attended by thousands.

The commission was a requirement of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement reached in 2007, the largest class action settlement in Canadian history."

No Justice for Canada's First Peoples

by: Thomas King (June 11, 2015)

From the website: "So what’s the benefit of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission? There are a number of answers, but the most important is that it gave the people most affected by the abuses of residential schools an occasion to have their voices heard, to have their stories recorded. It gave them the chance to speak the truth and to speak it loud."


Truth & Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Interim Report

TRC of Canada

“This interim report covers the activities of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada since the appointment of the current three Commissioners on July 1, 2009. The report summarizes:

  • the activities of the Commissioners
  • the messages presented to the Commission at hearings
  • and National Events the activities of the Commission with relation to its
  • mandate the Commission’s interim findings
  • the Commission’s recommendations.”

Youth Voices on Reconciliation Dialogue Report

From the report: "Youth Voices on Reconciliation was a day-long dialogue for students, teachers and administrators to discuss the role of the high school system in creating reconciliation among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples. A major output was a list of actionable ideas generated by participants for their districts and schools to consider for implementation."

Survivors Speak

From the website: In this volume, Survivors speak of their pain, loneliness, and suffering, and of their accomplishments. While this is a difficult story, it is also a story of courage and endurance. The first step in any process of national reconciliation requires us all to attend to these voices, which have been silenced for far too long. We encourage all Canadians to do so.


Reconciliation Canada - Kitchen Table Dialogue Guide

From the PDF: A Kitchen Table Dialogue creates the space for constructive conversation on an issue of concern in the comfort of a friend or colleague’s home. This do-it-yourself framework allows all Canadians the opportunity to gather their friends, family, neighbours and/or colleagues and join the dialogue on reconciliation and the movement towards a new way forward for all Canadians.

Background Information: We have included a summary of historic and present-day injustices that have occurred, or are currently occurring, in Canada. Including but not limited to: Indian Residential School system and the intergenerational trauma, Chinese Head Tax, and Japanese-Canadian internment (see Appendix 1.4).

Reconciliation Canada - Community Action Tool Kit: Young Leaders (Post Secondary Student Unions, Associations and Clubs)

From the PDF: "We are counting on you to start the conversation within your student union, association, club, student body, friends and family. We need you to encourage openness and renewed relationships, and most importantly, to invite your peers to take part in this movement. At the end of the day, we are all one and we must move forward together.  Included in this package are reconciliation engagement ideas (including step-by-step ‘how-to’ instructions) and the materials that you will need to implement them."

Reconciliation Canada - Reconciliation Dialogue Workshop Guide

From the PDF: "The purpose of Reconciliation Dialogue Workshops is to provide an opportunity for participants to discuss issues related to reconciliation, explore our shared history, the intergenerational impacts of Indian Residential Schools and take positive steps towards honouring diversity and building resilience. These sessions bring diverse participants together in a safe environment that allows for meaningful dialogue and relationship building. It is an opportunity for sharing stories of resilience, gaining a greater understanding of our shared history and exploring pathways to reconciliation including the development of concrete action plans."

Youth Voices on Reconciliation

From the website: "Youth Voices on Reconciliation was a day-long dialogue for students, teachers and administrators to discuss the role of the high school system in creating reconciliation among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples."

ArtsLink: Residential School Artists

“The ArtsLink Project is funded through the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) of Canada to promote awareness and public education of the personal history and legacy of individual former students of the residential schools in Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba and British Columbia. It seeks to address both the truth‐telling and reconciliation fostering components of the TRC's mandate. ArtsLink is a showcase to promote the art work and cultural practices of residential school survivors.

The ArtsLink website shares the wisdom, the stories and insights of residential school survivors from the Western Provinces who have reclaimed their identity and pride through art and culture. Each webpage includes a biography, a short video interview with the artist, samples of art work and documents, innovative arts and learning practices, and community arts projects.”

Facebook: Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada

"The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada was created by the parties to the Indian Residential Schools Class Action Settlement Agreement to determine the truth about Canada's Indian residential schools and establish a reconciliation process."

Virtual Law Office: Bill Henderson

From the website: " I am an Ontario lawyer providing a range of services to a range of clients from several provineces, including general litigation and advice on issues of Aboriginal, Treaty, and other rights and concerns of First Nations."

Bring Reconciliation Into The Classroom

From the website: The Caring Society supports educators and schools across Canada in nurturing citizenship agency and self-confidence by providing opportunities for students to take part in activities that foster reconciliation and culturally based equity for Indigenous children and youth. The resources below offer ideas for engaging students to understand and address inequalities experienced by First Nations children through three interrelated campaigns: Shannen’s Dream, Jordan’s Principle, and I am a witness.

Indigenous Residential Schools & Reconciliation Teacher Resource Guide

From the website: This unit was developed in response to the call by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada to develop age-appropriate educational materials about Indian Residential Schools. In its Interim Report (2012) the Commission concluded that “Canadians have been denied a full and proper education as to the nature of Aboriginal societies, and the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples.”

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