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Deepening Knowledge.

Native/Indigenous Languages



General Resources

First Peoples' Cultural Council

From the website: The First Peoples' Cultural Council is a First Nations-run Crown Corporation with a mandate to support the revitalization of Aboriginal language, arts and culture in British Columbia. We provide funding and resources to communities, monitor the status of First Nations languages and develop policy recommendations for First Nations leadership and government.

First Voices: Language Legacies Clebrating Indigenous Cultures/
Des patrimoines linguistiques celebrant des cultures indigenes

From the website: FirstVoices is a group of web-based tools and services designed to support Aboriginal people engaged in language archiving, language teaching & culture revitalization.

Alberta Aboriginal Studies Curriculum

Alberta curriculum documents for the secondary aboriginal studies courses.

Canada's Aboriginal Languages

Canada's Aboriginal Languages are many and diverse, and their importance to indigenous people immense. Language is one of the most tangible symbols of culture and group identity.

Indigenous Language Institute

From the website:  The Indigenous Language Institute provides vital language related services to Native communities so that their individual identities, traditional wisdom and values are passed on to future generations in their original languages.

Language Gathering

From the website: Envisioned Cultural Survival’s inaugural Endangered Languages Program-planning session hosted by the Sac and Fox Nation of Oklahoma’s Language Department in Stroud, Oklahoma, in 2007, this website is a tribute to and platform connecting surviving Indigenous language communities of North America (within the United States, initially) and the many hundreds of community-based language projects they’ve inspired. In months and years to come this permanent resource will expand to profile and connect Indigenous language revitalization efforts underway globally.

Dene K'ee Gudeh

Dene K'ee Gudeh, "the Dene Language", is an app and website that aims to help people learn the Dene Zhatie language, also known as South Slavey.

The Fight to Revitalize Canada's Indigenous Languages

A 2010 article in University Affairs about endangered indigenous languages in Canada and various revitilization projects that intend to give voice to ancestral knowledge and connect children, youth, adults, and elders through cultural and linguistic programming.

Cultural Survival

From the website: For 40 years Cultural Survival has partnered with Indigenous communities around the world to defend their lands, languages, and cultures.

Language Geek

From the website: Languagegeek is dedicated to the promotion of indigenous languages – primarily those of North America. By providing the tools which speakers, educators, and learners can use to communicate on-line or in print, the realm of computers will no longer be the sole domain of a few global languages. Whether it be e-mails, web pages, or word processing, computers have the potential to be a powerful means to level the playing field among all of the world’s languages.

Native Languages: An Ontario Ministry of Education Support Document
for the Teaching of Language Patterns - Ojibwe and Cree

From the website: This resource guide is indtended for teachers of Ontario Ojibwe and Cree. Its purpose is to organize, extend, and reinforce teachers' knowledge of the language patterns that occur in these Native languages, and to clarify and explain the structure and function of the various language elements (words and word parts) that make up these patterns. It is hoped that teachers will find the guide helpful in developing lessons and in evaluating teaching materials for their usefulness in fostering patterns that characterize these Native languages.

Native Languages of the Americas:
Preserving and promoting American Indian Languages

From the website: Welcome to Native Languages of the Americas! We are a small non-profit organization dedicated to the survival of Native American languages, particularly through the use of Internet technology. Our website is not beautiful. Probably, it never will be. But this site has inner beauty, for it is, or will be, a compendium of online materials about more than 800 indigenous languages of the Western Hemisphere and the people that speak them.


From the website: Omniglot is an encyclopedia of writing systems and languages.

Our Mother Tongues

An organisation dedicated to raising awareness of the urgency for protecting and promoting indigenous languages. It works through a wide variety of media such as podcasts, documentary-making, and interactive story-sharing opportunities.

Curriculum and Resources for First Nations Language Programs
in BC First Nations Schools

Resource Directory from the First Nations Education Steering Committee.

Univeristy of Alaska Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Centre

From the website: The Alaska Native Language Center was established by state legislation in 1972 as a center for research and documentation of the twenty Native languages of Alaska. It is internationally known and recognized as the major center in the United States for the study of Eskimo and Northern Athabascan languages.

Vanishing Voices, Vanishing Languages

Youtube, By Leah Hennel, October 10, 2009, 5 min 29 sec

From the website: "By official count, there are more than 50 First Nations languages across Canada. Some are thriving. Dozens others, though, are in danger of disappearing. In this video by Leah Hennel, we take the pulse of Southern Alberta First Nations languages."

What if Aboriginal Languages Mattered?

Youtube, TEDXHumberCollege, Dr. John Steckley, uploaded Feburary 19, 2012, 14 min 32 sec

Dr. Steckley has been teaching at Humber College in Toronto since 1983 and has taught Anthropology and Native Studies and other Canadian universities throughout his career. His area of specialization is Canada's Aboriginal people, and he is a leading expert in the Huron language and culture. 



Archeo Link

Reviewed Resources for Students and Teachers: Apache Language Resources.

Phoenetic Structures of Western Apache

A linguistic study from by the University of California, Santa Barbara.


Blackfoot Language Group - University of Montana

From the website: This project has several goals:

    To preserve the dictionary compiled by Mr. Jack Holterman, who was an amateur scholar of Blackfoot.
    To provide sound clips for each entry in the dictionary.
    To present the headwords and entries in a way that is easy to use and visually appealing.
    To make this material available to a wide audience, including those who may not be familiar with linguistics or the Blackfoot language.

The members of the Blackfoot Language Group at the University of Montana hope this project will be useful for language teachers and learners of Blackfoot alike. In order to make Holterman's dictionary more accessible, we have changed the spelling of the entries to the writing system developed by Dr. Donald G. Frantz. Since this writing system is widely used in several different Blackfoot language communities, we hope that this change will make the dictionary easier for more people to use.

Saokio Heritage

From the website: Saokio is a Blackfeet term that describes the prairies as a space that is large, open and flat. At one time the Blackfeet called themselves the Saokio-tapi or the prairie people. On the prairies they used their creativity to change this wide open space into a unique place. Saokio Heritage was created to enhance the appreciation of the wealth of prairie peoples creativity. Our goal is to stimulate and preserve the history, language and traditional knowledge of prairie peoples.

Blackfoot Digital Library

From the website: Although the endeavor to create a publicly accessible Blackfoot-centric library is recent, this project is ultimately the outcome of documentary work that began more than a century ago, and which elaborates on a knowledge base that emerged through a continuity of many thousands of years living in kitawahsinnoon.


Ohwejagehka Hadegaenage

Audio recordings of Cayuga words and phrases.


Cherokee Language Lessons

A collection of language learning activities.

Cherokees of Califormia

From the website: The Cherokees of California, Inc., is a 501C-3 non-profit tribal organization incorporated in 1975. It is not affiliated with the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, nor is it a federally recognized tribal entity. We are banded together as descendants of a common Cherokee heritage. Our primary purpose is to preserve and pass on to the next generation our traditions, history and language.


School of Choctaw Language

From the website: The Language Program of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma has taken its timely place in the journey of preserving and perpetuating our language and culture.  We will instill and encourage the desire to learn the Choctaw language in the old, young, tribal, and non-tribal people.  We will provide the highest quality educational environment for first language speakers, teachers, and learners.  We will promote and enhance cultural awareness by teaching traditional customs and historical facts.

Holisso Anumpa Tosholi: An English and Choctaw Definer for
the Choctaw Academies and Schools, By Cyrus Byington

A free electronic version of a book originally published in 1852.

A Dictonary of the Choctaw Language

A free electronic version of a dictionary published in the 19th century.

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

Official website of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma.


Algonquian Linguistic Atlas

From the website: The goal of the project is to co-create an on-line, multimedia linguistic atlas of Algonquian languages. The creation of this atlas allows us to offer many training opportunities for sound editing and linguistic description training to aboriginal students.

The Gift of Language and Culture Website

From the website: The Gift of Language and Culture Website is an Aboriginal lanuage site developed by the Lac La Ronge Indian Band (LLRIB) Curriculum Resource Unit (CRU). The language site’s focal point is on Instructional Curriculum development for Nursery to Grade 9. There are many other features such as, Native stories, songs, and talking pictures. Native language Vocabulary Exercises are available in Flash for people of all ages to learn Cree TH, Y, or N dialect and even Dene.

Nehinawe: Speak Cree

A site dedicated to language lessons and other educational resources.

The East Cree Language Web

From the website: This site is intended as a resource for Cree language teachers, literacy instructors, translators, linguists, and anyone who has an interest in the nuts and bolts of the Cree language. We hope that the live possibilities of the internet will encourage participation.

Online Cree Dictionary

From the website: Miyo Wahkohtowin Community Education Authority (MWCEA) and Dr. Earle Waugh Dir. Center for Culture & Health Family Medicine, University of Alberta (U of A) are partnering to develop a web based interactive First Nations language portal with dictionary and curriculum based resources to further the development for Cree language in Canada.

Kwayaciiwin Education Resource Centre

From the website: With each passing generation, we are leaving behind our language and are in the process of becoming an English speaking people. Through the Kwayaciiwin program, we can provide the opportunity for our children to continue to use and learn our language and culture. Our language enables us to express our worldwideview, beliefs, philosophy, values, traditions and customs. Our language is our vehicle for learning and passing on our culture to our children.

Little Cree Books

From the website: The Little Cree Books below are the first in what we hope will become a large collection of online books designed for early Cree readers. Please check out the About the Project section of this website to learn more about how we hope to develop this collection. The books are currently only available in the Plains Cree dialect, but we hope to offer them in a variety of other dialects as soon as we can.

Pocket Cree - A Phrasebook for Nearly All Occassions

Cree Literacy Network

From the website: The Cree Literacy Network was created in 2010 to promote Cree language and cultural literacy, through the publication of bilingual books and other literacy materials (in Cree and English) that use Standard Roman Orthography for writing Cree. We believe that Cree language literacy can be learned better and spread farther if everyone uses the same, consistent writing system. We also believe that authentic Cree language materials prepared in translation can promote cultural literacy, even among those who read only English.

Spoken Cree

From the website: This website was created to aid in the dissemination of the Cree language-learning audio material developed by C. Douglas Ellis as well as archival recordings of the Cree dialects spoken in Western James Bay (Ontario, Canada).


Bibliography of Materials on the Haida Language

An extensive list of Haida related publications.

Dictionary of Alaskan Haida

A dictionary published by Sealaska Heritage Institute (SHI). 
From the website: SHI is a regional Native nonprofit organization founded for the Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian people of Southeast Alaska. SHI was established in 1980 by Sealaska Corp., a for-profit company formed under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA).



From the website: The aim of Innu-aimun.ca is to celebrate Innu language and culture and to share a wide range of Innu language resources created under the auspices of the Innu Language Project, as well as other Innu language resources.

This website is the result of a joint partnership between the Linguistics Department at Memorial University, the School of Linguistics and Language Studies at Carleton University, the Labrador Innu School Board (Mamu Tshishkutamashutau – Innu Education) and the Quebec Innu organization Institut Tshakapesh.



Tusaalanga: Learn the Inuit Language/Apprendre la langue Inuit

From the website: Pirurvik's Inuktitut as a Second Language programs offer an innovative approach to mastering the Inuit language. We focus on teaching Inuktitut as it is spoken in everyday situations. After the first class, participants are able to walk away and immediately apply what they have learned.

Kativik School Board: Inuktitut Computer Games

A collection of educational games to learn the Inuktitut language.

National Research Council of Canada: Inuktitut Computing 

From the website: Mission is to facilitate the use of Inuktitut in its written form on computers and the web by providing useful tools and links to important resources.



From the website: WebKanza is the online home of the Kanza language. This is the place to come to learn how to speak Kanza, how to teach it, and how and where to find more information. We also have news and upcoming events, useful links, and a whole lot more. This is also the homepage of The Kanza Language Project.

Kansa Talking Dictionary

From the website: 800+ words for everyday conversations (with pronunciations).


First Voices: Kwak'wala Community Portal

From the website: Welcome to the language culture of the Kwakwa̱ka̱'wakw First Nations. We are the Kwak̓wala-speaking people on the north east coast of Vancouver Island and the adjacent mainland coast of British Columbia. The mandate of the U'mista Cultural Centre is to ensure the survival of the cultural heritage of the Kwakwa̱ka̱'wakw First Nations. Working with FirstVoices enables us to maintain our language to preserve our culture for future generations to come. Our language is our culture.

Adventures in Kwak'wala

From the website: This site is dedicated to the Kwak̕wala language. Alternately known as bak̓wa̱mk̓ala or by one of its five dialects (Kwak̓wala, ’Nak̓wala, G̱ut̕sala, T̓łat̓łasik̓wala, and Liq̓ʷala), it is spoken by the people we now call the Kwakwa̱ka̱’wakw from northern Vancouver Island and the adjoining mainland. Like many aboriginal languages, Kwak̕wala is endangered and only has about 200 fluent speakers left.

First Peoples' Language Map of British Columbia: Kwak'wala

Community identified resources.


The Myaamia Center

From the website: Advancing the research needs of the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma with a focus on myaamia language, culture and history.

Myaamia Online Dictionary

From the website: The online dictionary is a language learning tool that should be used with other language learning aids developed by the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma or the Myaamia Center at Miami University. It is imperative that language learners have access to teachers who can help them with the context of the words they are learning or have some training in the grammar and proper use of the language.



From the website: LearnMichif.com was an initiative by Jeff Ward of Animikii early in 2003. Jeff saw the need for on-line Michif language instruction and built a basic web page based on the existing body of work done by Norman Fleury, Peter Bakker, Heather Souter, Pemmican Publications, and many, many other people. It wasn't until 2005 that he approached the Metis Youth British Columbia (MYBC) to partner and produce a website that would engage, educate and revive the Métis language. In 2006, MYBC, Ry Moran & Jeff Ward put together a plan to take LearnMichif.com to the next level.

The Metis Nation of Ontario

From the website: In 1993, the Métis Nation of Ontario (“MNO”) was established through the will of Métis people and Métis communities coming together throughout Ontario to create a Métis-specific governance structure. Prior to 1993, Métis had been involved in pan-Aboriginal lobby groups and organizations.  The MNO was not created to represent all individuals and communities that claim to be Métis, but those individuals and communities that are a part of the Métis Nation.


Mi'kmaq Online Talking Dictionary

From the website: The talking dictionary project is developing an Internet resource for the Mi'gmaq/Mi’kmaq language. Each headword is recorded by a minimum of three speakers. Multiple speakers allow one to hear differences and variations in how a word is pronounced. Each recorded word is used in an accompanying phrase. This permits learners the opportunity to develop the difficult skill of distinguishing individual words when they are spoken in a phrase.

Mi'kmaq Online Talking Dictionary

From the website: The Jilaptoq Mi'kmaw Language Center involves the creation of digital, multimedia, and interactive Mi'kmaw educational support material. Initially the material is being designed for use with the Nova Scotia Department of Education’s Grade 7 Mi'kmaw Curriculum. However, the project website will ultimately be of use to all Mi'kmaw and Non-Mi'kmaw educators who are endeavoring to teach Mi'kmaw language and culture.

Milbrook First Nation

From the website: The Millbrook First Nation, located adjacent to the Town of Truro, Nova Scotia, has become a model community for other First Nations across the country. Under the leadership of Chief Bob Gloade and his Council of 12, the health and well-being of the Band membership is the first priority.  This site was designed to introduce you to the community, provide insight into the many initiatives underway and how you may contact the office. A new design for the website, is currently being developed.

Aboriginal Language Initiative

From the website: This is dedicated to all the elders and ancestors who dared to dream the dream of keeping our culture and language strong while taking control of our education, to all of those who work to make that dream come true, and to the children who will have to work even harder to make it come true for their children.

Mi'kmaq woman uses social media to spark language revival

APTN National News, by Trina Roache, January 21, 2015


Muscogee (Creek) Nation

Official website of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation.

Children of the Sun: Native Culture

Muscogee Creek Language and pronunciation guide.


Heritage Language Resource Centre: San Juan School Disrict

Books, CDs, Music, DVDs, Clan Materials, Coyote Stories, Games, Navajo Language Programs, Posters and Videos.

The Navajo Language Academy

From the website: The Navajo Language Academy, Inc. is a non-profit educational organization devoted to the scientific study and promotion of the Navajo language. The NLA is a joint effort by professional language teachers and linguists. The NLA has hosted Navajo linguistics workshops for scholars every summer since 1997.


Nelueun: Langue des Pekuakamiulnuatsh Mashteuiatsh

From the website: Éducatifs, informatifs et souvent ludiques, ces cours en ligne vous feront découvrir une façon dynamique d'apprendre le nehlueun. Nous sommes heureux et fiers de vous accueillir.


Chaubunagungamaug Nipmuck Indian Council

Nipmuc language classes in Massachusetts.

Nipmuc Nation

Website of the Nipmuc Nation.


The Ojibwe Pople's Dictionary

From the website: The Ojibwe People's Dictionary is a searchable, talking Ojibwe-English dictionary that features the voices of Ojibwe speakers. It is also a gateway into the Ojibwe collections at the Minnesota Historical Society. Along with detailed Ojibwe language entries and voices, you will find beautiful cultural items, photographs, and excerpts from relevant historical documents. Whenever possible, we provide examples of documents in the Ojibwe language.

The Ojibwe People's Dictionary has thousands of entries and audio, with more coming online each week. It is our goal to make The Ojibwe People's Dictionary a continually expanding resource for Ojibwe language and culture.


From the website:  This site is a collaborative Anishinaabe language revitalization effort. The collaboration was started in 2010; the result of a Minnesota Indian Affairs language revitalization grant.  Our goals are to share resources as we strive to revitalize our Anishinabe language.

Pocket Ojibwe for Kids and Parents

Anishinaabemodaa: Ojibwe languages resources,
University of Toronto Libraries

From the website: Our goal is to promote the use of Ojibwe language resources in the Toronto area and make them easier to find. This guide introduces books, web sites, and other materials in Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe), encompassing the Ojibwe, Odawa, Chippewa, and Saulteaux languages.

Ojibwe Flash Cards 

Kwayaciiwin Education Resource Centre's Eastern Oji-Cree Dictionaries 


Oneida Language and Cultural Centre

From the website: The Oneida Language Committee formed around 1981 to respond to a growing demand for Oneida language instruction and to begin development of language resource materials. Initially the community organization was mainly self-supporting through volunteer fund raising which later was supplemented by a modest Pathways grant. In 1990, the Oneida  and Council made an agreement which allowed the Language Committee the use of the premises formerly known as Oneida No. 3 School for as long as there is an Oneida Language Program. This agreement was nullified when OLCC became a program under Council’s administration shortly thereafter. This one room schoolhouse was built in the late 1800’s and creaks with age. Council has agreed to provide a new building to house this program once funding is secured.

University of Wisconsin, Greenbay - Oneida Language Tools

From the website: This site offers some tools for studying and learning the Oneida language.

The Wisconsin Oneida Language Preservation Project

From the website: The Wisconsin Oneida Language Preservation Project presents original stories and curriculum, with accompanying audio, that teaches the Wisconsin Oneida language. Materials presented here include Kindergarten Curriculum, Songs, and Stories in both English and written Oneida language. Audio files accompany these texts and provide additional instruction, allowing language learners to read and simultaneously listen to native Oneida speakers present the same material.


Onondaga Nation

From the website: The Onondaga Nation is a member of the Haudenosaunee (“People of the Long House”), an alliance of native nations united for hundreds of years by traditions, beliefs and cultural values. Also referred to as the Iroquois Confederacy or Six Nations, the Haudenosaunee consist of the Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga, Seneca, Onondaga Nation's and Tuscarora nations.


A Dictionary of Skiri Pawnee: University of Nebraska Press


Salish Language Institute

From the website: The Salish language is currently spoken by less than 50 people, most of whom are over 75 years old. There are no first language fluent Salish speakers under 50. It is the dream of four young Salish people to recreate the process of passing the Salish language from parent to child, elder to youth in an effort to holistically preserve the language, perpetuating the Salish way of life and world view.

Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes

From the website: The traditional values that served our people in the past are imbedded in the many ways we serve and invest in our people and communities, in the way we have regained and restored our homelands and natural resources, in the ways we have built a self-sufficient society and economy, in the ways we govern our Reservation and represent ourselves to the rest of the world and in the ways we continue to preserve our right to determine our own destiny.

University of Victoria Coast Salish

From the website: Introduction to Hul'q'umi'num

Interior Salish: Enduring Languages of the Columbian Plateau

From the website: This website is dedicated to promoting and sharing materials relating to the four Southern Interior Salish languages:  Colville-Okanagan, Wenatchee-Columbian, Spokane-Kalispel-Bitterroot, and Coeur d'Alene.

Sioux/Lakota/Western Dakota/Eastern Dakota

Learn to Read, Write and Speak Lakota with Others

Lakota language forum.

Lakota Orthographies

From the page: The following charts will be useful in deciphering the orthographies used by other publications, but note that not every author transcribes words accurately using these systems.

Lakota Language Lesson: St. Joseph's Indian School

From the website: Lakota youth at St. Joseph's Indian School learn their Native language and traditions. Sharing these lessons and our cultural resources around the globe helps preserve the Lakota (Sioux) culture and give Native American youth hope for a bright future.

Akta Lakota Museum and Cultural Centre

Lakota language resources.

Lahcotah: Dictionary of the Sioux Language

Free online PDF of a dictionary originally published in 1866.


Tlingit Dictionary

A 614 page dictionary published by the Sealaska Heritage Institute.

Alaska Native Curriculum and Teacher Development Project

From the website: The (ANCTD) brings together teams of teachers, elders, and community members in various parts of Alaska with university-based specialists to develop curricula on Alaska Native studies and language that is available to all schools through the internet or on CD. The project is supported by a grant from the U.S. Department of Education.

Anash Interactive

From the website: Create comics, write stories, watch webisodes, download podcasts, play games, read stories and comics by other members, and learn about the Tlingit people of Canada.

Chilkat Indian Village

Tlingit phrases, colours, and greetings.

Tlingit Language and Cultural Resources

A list of internal and external links.


Wopanaak (Wampanoag) Language Reclamation Project

From the website: The Wopanaak Language Reclamation Project understands that it is the birthright of each Wamponoag child and adult to speak her or his Language given by Creator.

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