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Deepening Knowledge.

Indigenous Peoples in the United States


Books - Non-Fiction

American Indians:  Stereotypes & Realities

By Devon A. Mihesuah, 2009.

Synopsis from Clarity Press, Inc. :  "American Indians: Stereotypes & Realities provides an informative and engaging Indian perspective on common misconceptions concerning American Indians which afflict public and even academic circles to this very day. Written in a highly accessible stereotype/reality format, it includes numerous illustrations and brief bibliographies on each topic PLUS these appendices:

* Do's and Don'ts for those who teach American Indian history and culture * Suggested Guidelines for Institutions with Scholars who Conduct Research on American Indians * Course outline for American Indian history and culture survey with suggested projects * Outline for course "American Indian Women in History" with extensive bibliography."  (For teachers)

A Broken Flute: The Native Experience in Books for Children

Edited by Doris Seale and Beverly Slapin, 2005.

An important collection for teachers, filled with essays criticizing children’s books and their portrayal of Native American culture.  The essays in this book also help to broaden understanding of Native cultures.  (For teachers)

Through Indian Eyes: The Native Experience in Books for Children

Edited by Doris Seale and Beverly Slapin, 1998.

From the website:  “Through Indian Eyes is a compilation of work by Native parents, educators, poets, and writers. It contains essays, poetry, critical reviews of more than 100 children's books by and about Indian peoples, a guide to evaluating children's books for anti-Indian bias, a recommended bibliography, and a resource section of Native publishers and organizations.” (For teachers) 

Lying to Children About the California Missions and the Indians

By Deborah Miranda, March 2015; Huffington Post

An article regarding the education of students on the missionization of California.  

From the article, "In California schools, students come up against the "Mission Unit" in 4th grade, reinforcing the same lies those children have been breathing in most of their lives. Part of California's history curriculum, the unit is entrenched in the educational system and impossible to avoid, a powerfully authoritative indoctrination in Mission Mythology to which 4th graders have little if any resistance. Intense pressure is put upon students (and their parents) to create a "Mission Project" that glorifies the era and glosses over both Spanish and Mexican exploitation of Indians, as well as enslavement of those same Indians during U.S. rule. In other words, the Mission Unit is all too often a lesson in imperialism, racism, and Manifest Destiny rather than actually educational or a jumping-off point for critical thinking or accurate history."


National Congress of American Indians

From the NCAI website:  "The National Congress of American Indians, founded in 1944, is the oldest, largest and most representative American Indian and Alaska Native organization serving the broad interests of tribal governments and communities."



From the website:  “Oyate is a Native organization working to see that our lives and histories are portrayed honestly, and so that all people will know our stories belong to us. For Native children, it is as important as it has ever been for them to know who they are and what they come from. It is a matter of survival. For all children, it is time to learn the truth of history. Only in this way will they come to have the understanding and respect for each other that now, more than ever, will be necessary for life to continue.”

There is an especially useful is section entitled ‘Books to Avoid’ that includes a very straightforward guide on how to spot specific things which make everything from picture books to more advanced reads problematic.  (For teachers)

American Indian and Indigenous Education

From the website: This web site is designed to provide information, including links to related web sites, on the history and current thinking about American Indian and Indigenous education. It includes information on how Indigenous students were taught English and on bilingual/bicultural education. In addition, there is material on teaching reading, math/science, curriculum development, and American Indian dropouts. Links are also provided to information on community-controlled schools, gifted and talented education, learning styles, and Indian children's books. This web site is maintained by Jon Reyhner."

Tecumseh's Ghost

From the website: "Tecumseh had struck terror in the hearts of American settlers, soldiers and commanders alike. His alliance with the British General, Isaac Brock, and their victory at Detroit, decisively shifted the early momentum in the War to Canada’s favour. No longer could the Americans boast that victory would be (as Thomas Jefferson promised then President James Madison) “a mere matter of marching.” Indeed, it can be said that it was Tecumseh – as much as any other single individual – who saved Canada in the War of 1812."

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