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Internet Sites

Visit the sites below to learn more about the wealth of ESL resources available online.

Internet resources have been divided into three categories:

Research and Policy 

An article providing an in-depth discussion of epistemological and ontological ideas behind mathematical ESL education

An international network of researchers and decision-makers that provides information on migration issues.


The Mind, Culture, and Activity Homepage This is the site of an interactive forum for a community of interdisciplinary scholars who share an interest in the study of the human mind in its cultural and historical contexts. Participants come from a variety of disciplines, including anthropology, cognitive science, education, linguistics, psychology, and sociology. On the homepage you will find links to current and past issues of the journal Mind, Culture, and Activity, personal profiles of the participants, and links to other related Web sites. 

Language Learning and Technology journal online

Krashen's theory of sLA


The Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA) This is a Web site of CARLA, a National Language Resource center, located at the University of Minnesota. The center supports a number of coordinated programs of research, training, and development related to foreign language teaching. The Second Language Learning Strategies Project was one of many research projects sponsored by the center. Links to detailed information on this and other projects can be found at the Web site.

Strategies-based instruction

The Internet TESL journal

Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL) CAL is a private, not-for-profit organization whose purpose is to promote and improve the teaching and learning of languages, identify and solve problems related to language and culture, and serve as a resource for information about language and culture. There are links on a variety of topics and to numerous sites including the ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics, the Foreign Language Assessment for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) project, and the Heritage Language Initiative.

Chamot and O'Malley's landmark work on the Cognitive and Academic Language Learning Approach

National Capitol Language Resource Center

National K-12 Foreign Language Resource Center This is the Web site of a National Language Resource Center jointly sponsored by Iowa State University and the Center for Applied Linguistics. Its focus is on the professional development of K -12 foreign language teachers. Its three primary initiatives are performance assessment, effective teaching strategies, and new technologies in the foreign language classroom. Links to these and other projects can be found at the Web site

First language acquisition principles

The design of LEP student programs

Detailed information about the language expectations for ESL students as stated in The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 9 to 12: English as a Second Language and English Literacy Development.

The ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation The center, located at the University of Maryland, Department of Measurement, Statistics and Evaluation, is one of 16 subject-oriented clearinghouses operated by the U .S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. ERICI AB is viewed as the central source for assessment and evaluation information. There is a wide assortment of links to assessment and evaluation resources on the Internet for such topics as action research, computer-assisted testing, demographics, elementary and secondary education, and home schooling, to list but a few. There are also links to related journals, newsletters, and reports on assessment and evaluation.

International Journal of American Linguistics

The site of the Centre for Canadian Language Benchmarks with information related to assessment and tools developed for use in the field of ESL.

NABE (National Association for Bilingual Education) copies of links to articles on bilingual education that may be of current interest

A historical overview of the development of the notion of communicative competence.

Center for Multilingual/Multicultural Research Articles and links, including a list of resources that focus on specific cultural groups (e.g., Asian-Americans)

Summer Institute of Linguistics International Lingua-Links This Web site provides an extensive set of resources on communication, communicative competence, and additional language learning. Descriptions of language skills are given along with recommendations of techniques and activities to develop these skills. The site also contains an extensive collection of reference information.

The Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol Model

Second language theories

The web site of the Ontario branch of TESL Canada (http://www.tesl.ca/) with information on TESL Ontario's annual conference, standards and certification process, trends, research, and general activities. LINC applications and calls for proposals are sometimes posted on this site.

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Language Learning and Teaching Materials

Activities for ESL Students

English Pronunciation / Listening


A Guide to Learning English: For Mainstream Teachers of ESL Students


Teaching Mathematics to ESL Students

Online Writing Lab

This is a site of Web units created by Michael Feldman for use by ESL and EFL students. However, they can easily be adapted for other languages. Each unit contains instructions for the students, instructions for the teacher, links to sites related to the theme of the unit, and question sets, activities, and quizzes for the student to do.

A page leading to a variety of ESL lesson plans. For an interesting sub-page: *A fun reading comprehension activity. For another interesting sub-page: *TESL: Teaching Tips and Ideas (at the bottom of the page), *75 ESL Teaching Ideas

Classroom Planning with ESL in Mind

English Language Teaching

ESL classroom and support materials, and guidelines for curriculum and assessment from the Canadian Association of Second Language Teachers. Also includes links to professional development, organizational contacts and a range of online links.

ESL Lesson Plans and Resources

English Gateway

Online English Lessons

This page is great for people thinking of going overseas to teach English. Also has helpful teaching ideas. Some of the topics covered on this site: ESL Cafe News; Address Book; Announcements; Bookstore; Global English; Chat Central; Discussion Forums; FAQs; Help Center; Hint-of-the-Day; Idea Cookbook; Idioms; Job Center; Mailing List; Message Exchange; Phrasal Verbs; Photos; Pronunciation Power; Quizzes; Quotes; Search the Web; Slang; Student Email; Teacher Email; Today in History; Web Guide Links

Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab. Includes everyday conversations and listening activities for use as quizzes, and vocabularly lesson plans on audio.

Resources for students and teachers with a focus on American Business English 


Resource for Pen pals This is a commercial site that provides information on language schools in Europe and foreign language materials. It includes a pen pal service.

Resources from Judie Haynes, an American ESL teacher with over 30 years of teaching experience. Includes lesson plans and teaching tips for teachers across the curriculum.

A page leading to a variety of ESL writing activities. For an interesting sub-page: *PIZZAZ (a page of writing and oral storytelling activities and copyable handouts)

Lesson plans, tips and teaching materials offered from an ESL teacher in Hungary.  

Guide to Language learning resources and schools on the web

This website will introduce both students and faculty to the importance of teaching languages across the curriculum

These sites discuss a variety of issues that relate to Standard 6, including strategies that enhance success of LEP's, gifted minority language student instruction, flexible pacing, classroom planning with the ESL student in mind, contrasting L2 learning environments (ESL class vs mainstreaming), and a great symposium on adaptation of materials for culturally diverse student populations. 

Practical ideas on alternative assessment for ESL students

The site is designed for use in college classrooms, but is a good way to have students imitate what they are expected to teach - if faculty can have students do more learner-centered work, it will be easier for the students to later teach using the same strategies.

L2 Educational Resources Database

Interesting Things for ESL Students site is designed for use in college classrooms, but is a good way to have students imitate what they are expected to teach - if faculty can have students do more learner-centered work, it will be easier for the students to later teach using the same strategies.

MainStreams Publications

Authentic Assessment Techniques in K-6 Classrooms This site contains large amounts of good information on assessment measures including definitions of different assessment tools and a wide range of links to a variety of professional resources and other Web sites.

Language Arts/ESL resources

Teaching ESL to Adults

A collection of handouts and quizzes, lesson plans, teacher tips and English language reference material.

The Idea Oral Language Proficiency Test


Learning Vocabulary Can Be Fun

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Diversity and Society

Multilingual Human Rights


Ideas and inspiration for helping young children thrive in a diverse society


Dual Language Showcase
The MIT List of Radio Stations on the Internet This site provides links to 9,000 radio stations around the world including the United States, Canada, and other countries of North America, Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, South America, and Oceania/ Australia.

Online ESL news, up to date news from around the world           

This page lists Holy Days of 12 major religions: Aboriginal Peoples, Baha'i, Buddhism, Christian, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, Shinto, Sikhism, Wicca and Zoroastrian. Teachers can check out this website to learn what major holidays students practise.

Contains wonderful, up to date information as well as a myriad of links for teachers to explore diversity.

Settlement information and resources for immigrants in, or planning to come to, Ontario.


United Nations Cyberschoolbus

Refugees: A Canadian Perspective

Child Rights--UNICEF

Treats general strategies for inclusive teaching at all levels and all disabilities


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