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Source Reviewed:

Garcia, Ricardo (2000). Language, Culture and education. In: Banks (ed.) Cultural diversity and education pp. 268-292. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Audience:

teachers in multilingual/multicultural settings, policy makers

Topic:

linguistic pluralism, linguistic diversity, language and culture in education

Description:

None

Strengths:

-provides 5 benchmarks for linking language and culture in education, very practical
-gives practical examples of how curriculum materials can reflect linguistic diversity
-champions linguistic pluralism

Weaknesses:

-written from an American perspective, although much of the information can be transferred to the Canadian context

Comments:

-explains how ethnocentrism works, for example in our reactions to a Boston accent as compared to a Latino accent
-explains the history of ethnocentrism and xenophobia in the U.S. in terms of the patterns of immigration throughout history-before 1812 from North and West Europe, 1890-1920 from South and East Europe, after diverse
-explains how culture is embedded in language and dialect in terms of values
-gives 3 tips for cross-cultural communication:
1)understand the nature of culture (90% submerged, like an iceberg - assumptions)
2)understand how culture filters worldview (schemata, frame of reference)
3)develop relationships with individuals, not cultural groups - need empathy

Your Recommendations:

None

Submitted by: Marilyn Steinbach

 

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