Researchers at the BOLD Lab study how a child’s brain develops and supports complex cognitive abilities such as learning language and learning to read. Our aim is to understand how a child’s early life environment can impact development and change the brain’s capacity for learning. Our research focuses on different childhood experiences such as (1) growing up bilingual, (2) learning spoken and/or signed (e.g. American Sign Language) languages, and (3) growing up in communities with high risk of illiteracy. We use neuroimaging technologies (functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS), structural and functional MRI) in combination with the latest genetic and behavioural tools of cognitive science to gain new insights into the biological underpinnings of language, reading, and human cognition!